Temple du Change
|Temple du Change|
Facade of the church
|District||5th arrondissement of Lyon|
The Temple du Change or Loge du Change, formerly used for the stock exchange of Lyon, stands in Vieux Lyon (5th arrondissement of Lyon). It was originally built after plans by architect Simon Gourdet between 1631 and 1653, then rebuilt under the direction of Jacques-Germain Soufflot in 1748-1750. It has been assigned to Protestant worship since 1803, hence its designation Temple.
The first Loge du Change was a small classical building with four arches in front and two on each side. It soon became insufficient for Lyon's money exchange, but was not renovated before 1748.
Soufflot provided plans and elevations for its repair, performed by Jean-Baptiste Roche, an architect he had himself introduced. The flanking terraced houses were torn down, which provided the opportunity to significantly enlarge the building, which has a fifth arch in front, providing, instead of a central pier, a central bay as classical usage demands. Behind the façade rises a large room, as high and wide as the building. It is rectangular with an imperial-styled roof supported on four massive pillars. The first-floor facade was completely rebuilt in Soufflot's uncompromising neoclassical style, unusual for the epoch.
During the French Revolution, the building was abandoned. It became an inn for a moment, before being assigned to the Protestants in 1803. Minor changes were made throughout the nineteenth century, particularly on the interior and the furnishings.
In December 1999, the city of Lyon and the Renaissance du Vieux Lyon added two clocks on the facade. The clock on the right was already there when the building was constructed and has a traditional dial, which indicates hours and minutes. In contrast, the dial on the left is more surprising because it marks days, months and years. For a time in the mid nineteenth century, the Loge du Change was scheduled to be rebuilt as a new place of worship because there were 10,000 Protestants in Lyon, and the Temple du Change was too small for them (it can accommodate 600 people).
- Perez, Marie-Félicie; Ternois, Daniel (1982). L'œuvre de Soufflot à Lyon (in French). Presses Universitaires de Lyon. ISBN 2-7297-0134-6.
- "Jacques-Germain Soufflot, architecte du temple du Change". Le Progrès (in French). Le Progrès. 2 August 2009. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- "Histoires de Lyon — La loge du change" (in French). Lyon Photos. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- "Lyon : le temple du Change" (in French). Huguenots France. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- "Au fil du temps > Architecture > Loge du Change" (in French). Vieux Lyon. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- Dufieux, Philippe; Leniaud, Jean-Michel (2004). Le mythe de la primatie des Gaules (in French). p. 154.
- Delétra, François-David; Arnoux, Alain (2006). Voyage à pied à travers le Vivarais et le Velay en 1841 (in French). p. 43.
- "Monuments historiques — Temple protestant (ancienne loge maçonnique du Change)" (in French). Mérimée. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Les protestants à Lyon, entre mémoire et avenir" (in French). Points d'actu. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
- (French) Official site
- This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2009-12-16 of the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.