Templecombe

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Coordinates: 51°00′00″N 2°24′54″W / 50.999982°N 2.415075°W / 50.999982; -2.415075

Templecombe
Stone 3 storey building with white frames windows on street junction. Sign saying shop.
Templecombe is located in Somerset
Templecombe
Templecombe
 Templecombe shown within Somerset
Population 1,560 [1]
OS grid reference ST709223
District South Somerset
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Somerton and Frome
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Templecombe is a village in Somerset, England, situated on the A357 road five miles south of Wincanton, twelve miles east of Yeovil, and 30 miles west of Salisbury. The village has a population of 1,560.[1] Along with the hamlet of Combe Throop it forms the parish of Abbas and Templecombe.

History[edit]

Prior to the Norman Conquest Combe was held by Leofwine Godwinson.[2]

One part of the village was known as Abbas Combe which was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086-7 as Cumbe, when it was held by the church of St Edward, Shaftesbury.[3]

The other manor within the parish was held by Earl Leofwine but after the Norman Conquest was given to Bishop Odo of Bayeux. It was his descendant Serlo FitzOdo who granted it to the Knights Templar.[4]

The parish was part of the hundred of Horethorne.[5]

Templecombe derives its name from Combe Templariorum, after the Knights Templar who established Templecombe Preceptory in the village in 1185.[6][7] After they were suppressed in 1312 it was granted to the Knights of St John who held it until the Dissolution of the Monasteries,[4] after which it was acquired by Richard Duke (d.1572) of Otterton, Devon. An attempt to discover 'the village of the templars' was made by the Time Team television programme.[8]

The Manor House in the high street was built in the 17th century on the site of a medieval building.[9] The 1st Earl of Cork Richard Boyle bought Temple Coombe Manor in 1637 for £20,000. The Earl already owned Stalbridge Manor in Dorset close by. The Earl of Cork also purchased Annery House near Bideford in 1640 for £5000.

Somerset by G.W. Wade and J.H. Wade (circa 1904) states Templecombe (or Abbas Combe), an inconsiderable village at the S.E. extremity of the county, with an important station on the S. & D. and L. & S.W. lines. The church is ancient but uninteresting, and seems to have been considerably altered. It contains a curious E.E. font. The tower is somewhat peculiar, and forms the S. porch. On the rising ground at the S. of the village are the remains of a preceptory of the Knights Templars, founded in the 12th century by Serlo Fitz-Odo. From this foundation the place takes its name. A long building, which was perhaps once the refectory, but which is now used as a barn, will be noticed abutting on a farm-house along the road to Milborne Port. In an orchard at the back of the farm are the ruins of a small chapel.

Governance[edit]

The Abbas and Templecombe parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wincanton Rural District.[10] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Somerton and Frome county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Transport[edit]

The railway station is served by trains on the London Waterloo to Exeter St. Davids West of England Main Line, originally built by the London and South Western Railway. When the village was served by the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway, trains had to reverse into Templecombe station. This unusual characteristic was shared with Limerick Junction in County Tipperary in Ireland and also previously with Dorchester South. The station closed in 1966 due to the Beeching Axe, but re-opened due to local pressure in 1983.[11]

Economy[edit]

Templecombe's largest employer is Thales Underwater Systems.

Religious sites[edit]

The parish Church of St. Mary dates from the 12th century, but was largely rebuilt in the 19th century. It has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.[12] The church contains a panel painting discovered in a local cottage which has been carbon dated to around 1280 which is believed to be linked to the period when the Knights Templar held the village.[2]

In Templecombe stands the United Reformed Church (next door to The Templars Retreat, formerly The Royal Wessex, Public House) This building has been on the site for over 150 years and was originally a congregational church.[13]

Notable residents[edit]

General Sir Richard McCreery GCB, KBE, DSO, MC (1898 - 1967), Chief of Staff to Field Marshal Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, at the time of the Second Battle of El Alamein and later commanded the British Eighth Army in Northern Italy during 1944-45, died in Templecombe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Faith, Juliet. The Knights Templar in Somerset. The History Press. p. 26. ISBN 9780752452562. 
  3. ^ Williams, Ann; Martin, G H. Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin. pp. pp. 247; 1303. ISBN 978-0-14-143994-5. 
  4. ^ a b Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The Complete Guide. Dovecote Press. p. 206. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  5. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  6. ^ 'House of Knights Templar: The preceptory of Templecombe', A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 2 (1911), pp. 146-147. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40936. Date accessed: 27 January 2008.
  7. ^ Grand Priory of Knights Templar in England and Wales
  8. ^ "1996 - 03 - Templecombe, Somerset". Unofficial Time Team Site. Retrieved 28 January 2008. 
  9. ^ "Manor House". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 8 February 2009. 
  10. ^ "Wincanton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  11. ^ The Directory of Railway Stations R.V.J. Butt Patrick Stephens Ltd 1995 ISBN 1-85260-508-1
  12. ^ "Church of St. Mary". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 8 February 2009. 
  13. ^ "Templecombe United Reformed Church". Templecombe United Reformed Church. Retrieved 3 July 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Templecombe at Wikimedia Commons