Temryuk

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For other uses of "Temryuk", see Temryuk (disambiguation).
Temryuk (English)
Темрюк (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Улица Ленина.JPG
Lenina Street in Temryuk
Map of Russia - Krasnodar Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnodar Krai in Russia
Temryuk is located in Krasnodar Krai
Temryuk
Temryuk
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Temryuk in Krasnodar Krai
Coordinates: 45°16′N 37°22′E / 45.267°N 37.367°E / 45.267; 37.367Coordinates: 45°16′N 37°22′E / 45.267°N 37.367°E / 45.267; 37.367
Coat of Arms of Temryuk (Krasnodar krai).png
Flag of Temryuk (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of May 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnodar Krai[1]
Administrative district Temryuksky District[1]
Town Temryuk[1]
Administrative center of Temryuksky District,[1] Town of Temryuk[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Municipal district Temryuksky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Temryukskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Temryuksky Municipal District,[2] Temryukskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 38,046 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Town status since 1860[citation needed]
Temryuk on WikiCommons

Temryuk (Russian: Темрю́к) is a town and the administrative center of Temryuksky District in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Taman Peninsula on the right bank of the Kuban River not far from its entry into the Temryuk Bay, amid a field of mud volcanoes. The seaport of Temryuk is situated 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) from the town itself. Population: 38,046 (2010 Census);[3] 36,118 (2002 Census);[5] 33,163 (1989 Census);[6] 26,600 (1975).

History[edit]

Situated in the proximity of the site of ancient Tmutarakan, Temryuk was vied by various powers as a vantage point commanding the mouth of the Kuban River. The first recorded settlement on the site was Tumnev, a Tatar fortress, which passed to the Genoese merchants in the 14th century. It was known as Copa until occupied by the Crimean Khanate in 1483.

The Russians, allied with a local potentate, Temryuk of Kabardia, captured Tumnev and built a fortress of New Temryuk there. The Crimean Tatars retook the fort in 1570; it was known as Adis for a century to come. In the 18th century, the site was settled by the Cossacks, whose stanitsa was incorporated as the town of Temryuk in 1860.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Temryuk serves as the administrative center of Temryuksky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated within Temryuksky District as the Town of Temryuk.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Temryuk is incorporated within Temryuksky Municipal District as Temryukskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #685-KZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №685-КЗ от 1 апреля 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Темрюкский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского поселения, сельских поселений — и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Информационный бюллетень ЗС Краснодарского края", №16 (1), 5 апреля 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #685-KZ of April 1, 2004 On the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Temryuksky District, on Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, on the Establishment of the Municipal Formations—an Urban Settlement, Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on the Establishment of Their Borders, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).