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|History of Japan|
Ten'ō (天応?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Hōki and before Enryaku. This period spanned the years from January 781 through August 782. The reigning emperor was Kōnin-tennō (光仁天皇?).
Change of era
- October 24, 781 Ten'ō gannen (天応元年?): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Hōki 12, on the 1st day of the 1st month of 781.
Events of the Ten'ō era
- December 22, 781 (Ten'ō 1, 3rd day of the 12th month): In 11th year of the reign of Emperor Kōnin's reign (光仁天皇11年), he abdicated; and the succession (the senso) was received by his son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Kammu is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ten'ō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 960, p. 960, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 81-85; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 276-277; Varley, H. Paul. Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 147-148.
- Brown, p. 277.
- Titsingh, pp. 85; Brown, p. 277.
- Titsingh, p. 86; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-03460-0; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. 10-ISBN 0231049404/13-ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō