Ten Wheel Drive

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Ten Wheel Drive were an American jazz fusion band that existed from 1968 to 1974.[1]

History[edit]

In 1968, after the final break-up of the all-female rock band Goldie & The Gingerbreads, Genya Ravan was looking for a new band, as were two New Jersey musicians and songwriters, Michael Zager and Aram Schefrin. Acquainted by their managers, the three musicians would become the nucleus of the new band. Their origins and artistic backgrounds were very different and at first the music was not to Ravan’s liking.[citation needed]

More musicians had to be found for the rhythm and brass sections. With the exception of Ravan, only people who were able to read sheet music were hired. In 1969 the band started to perform regularly and attract positive reviews, and comparisons were drawn between Ravan and Janis Joplin.[citation needed]

At the same time, Polydor Records was forming an American division. Its new President, Jerry Schoenbaum, closed a deal with Ten Wheel Drive, and together with producer Walter Raim the band released its first album, Construction #1.

Ten Wheel Drive's first big concert appearance was in 1969 at the Fillmore East in New York City. Apart from the band's intense musical presence, Ravan caused some excitement when she took off her transparent vest and continued the performance half-naked with painted breasts and shoulders.[citation needed]

In the summer of the same year, Ten Wheel Drive appeared at the Atlanta Pop Festival. On this occasion Ravan and Janis Joplin, who had previously often been compared, met in person for the second time, having first met at Steve Paul's The Scene when Joplin sat in with the band.

The band in 1970.

In 1970, Ten Wheel Drive released their second album, Brief Replies, with producer Guy Draper. By then many of the brass musicians had also been replaced. 1971 saw Ten Wheel Drive performing at Carnegie Hall. The project consisted of a rock opera based on the Battle of the Little Big Horn and the history of the Native North American peoples. The American Symphony Orchestra and a choir participated in the project. Polydor finally decided against the recording of the event and was later criticized for its bad judgment.[citation needed]

Also in 1971, the band's third album Peculiar Friends appeared, for the first time produced by Schefrin and Zager. Ravan’s decision to leave the band and start her solo career at this time was presumably influenced by the record company’s attitude towards the Carnegie Hall concert.[citation needed] She was replaced by Annie Sutton of The Rascals. Schefrin and Zager later contributed to Ravan’s first solo album.

Ten Wheel Drive left Polydor and their fourth and final album, Ten Wheel Drive (1974), was released by Capitol Records. The album includes one song which had earlier been composed by Ravan with Schefrin and Zager, "Why Am I So Easy to Leave". With this record the already loose cooperation between the band's musicians ended.

Line-up[edit]

Founding members
vocals, harmonica, tambourine: Genya Ravan
guitar, vocals, banjo, percussion: Aram Schefrin
organ, piano, clarinet: Michael Zager
Various musicians on other instruments
bass: Bill Takas, Bob Piazza, Blake Hines
drums, percussion: Leon Rix, Allen Herman, David Williams
cello: Leon Rix
flute: Jay Silva, Louie Hoff, Dave Liebman
trumpet: Jay Silva, Richard Meisterman, Peter Hyde, Steve Satten, John Gatchell, John Eckert, Dean Pratt, Danny Stiles Francisco, Frank Frint (NOT a real musician, some other players were in this spot)
saxophone: Louie Hoff, Dave Liebman
trombone: Dennis Parisi, Bill Watrous, Tom Malone
flugelhorn: Jay Silva, Peter Hyde, Richard Meisterman, Steve Satten, John Gatchell, John Eckert
woodwinds: Alan Gauvin
Last line-up
vocals: Annie Sutton
organ, clarinet, keyboards, vibraphone: Michael Zager
guitar, vocals: Aram Schefrin
piano, keyboards: Don Grolnick
trombone: Gerry Chamberlain
drums, percussion: Barry Lazarowitz
bass, violin: Harry Max, Bill Abrams
trumpet, flugelhorn, horn: Dean Pratt, John Gatchell
woodwinds: Ed Xiques
choir: Daryl Hall, John Oates, Tom Cosgrove, Joey Ward

Discography[edit]

  • Construction #1 - 1969, Polydor
  • Brief Replies - 1970, Polydor
  • Peculiar Friends - 1971, Polydor
  • Ten Wheel Drive - 1974, Capitol

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ten Wheel Drive Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 

External links[edit]