|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Tenali (తెనాలి), is a town and a mandal in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh, South India. It has a population of 164,649 (2011 census). Tenali is famous for its culture. It is known as Andhra Paris because of three canals of the Krishna River flow through Tenali making it a part of the rice bowl of Andhra Pradesh. One of the canals is navigable up to Nizampatnam port. Tenali is a major railway junction connecting Guntur, Vijayawada, Repalle and Chennai. It is located 16 miles east of Guntur City and 21 miles south of Vijayawada. Great Poet "Vikata Kavi" Tenali Ramakrishna was born in a small village near Tenali.
Tenali popularly known as "Andhra Paris", is known for its rich historical, agricultural, cultural and literary legacy....It is the Second largest town after Guntur in Guntur District. It has produced many famous poets, theatre artistes, scholars, actors, scientists and academicians. Tenali Ramakrishna, who was a court-poet of Krishnadeva Raya of the Vijayanagara empire and well known for his wit and impressive Telugu poetry was born in Tumuluru near Tenali in the 16th century. It is well known for the Vaikuntapuram temple which gets visited by an average of 35,000 devotees every month to get a glimpse of the Lord Venkateswara.
Tenali town is well connected to the major cities of South India by road and rail. Nearest cities to Tenali are Guntur & Vijayawada, which are on National Highway NH5. It is a 30 min drive by road and 20 min journey by train from Guntur and 45 min drive by road and 30 min journey by train from Vijayawada. Tenali is well connected to the State Capital (Hyderabad), the National Capital (New Delhi), Chennai, Kolkata & Bangalore by Indian Railways & Roadways. Tenali has a modern and well-developed railway station with five platforms with goods carrier facilities and all basic passenger facilities. Tenali Railway Junction lies in busiest route of trains in south central railway. Taxis and Auto Rickshaws are available at Train & Bus stations round the clock.
Tenali is located 42 km from the sea coast. It is generally hot and humid during summer with temperatures ranging between 28 and 42 C. Winters are milder with temperatures between 15 and 25 C. Heavy rains are experienced between July and November during monsoon time.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Tenali municipality had a population of 164,649, out of which males were 81,324 and females were 83,325. The literacy rate was 82.63 per cent.
As per 2011 Indian census, Tenali had a population of 164,649. Both males and females constitute equal share in the population. Tenali has an average literacy rate of 84% which is higher than the national average of 74.04%. About 10% of the population in Tenali is under 6 years of age.
The town thrives on trade and agriculture. The region around the town has fertile soil irrigated by the Krishna river and its canals. Major crops include Lemons, Bananas, Sugar Cane, Rice, Lentils, Sapota (Chickoo) and Turmeric(Pasupu). Pulses like black gram and red gram are grown as rice fallows in the area. Maize has recently been introduced in the region which has become a major commercial crop. Tenali is famous for Handloom Pattu (Silk) Sarees, Gold Jewelry, Wood and Steel Utensils.
The town holds a huge middle class, making up more than 75% of the total population. Major source of income is agriculture (with two to three crops each year) followed by small-scale businesses.
- Famous scientists from Tenali include late Y. Nayudamma, Prof. D. Basavaiah from University of Hyderabad, Padmasree Dr. A. V. Rama Rao, former Director of IICT, Prof. Sambasiva Rao Kotha from IIT Bombay, Dr P. Ananda Kumar, Director, National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, New Delhi and Professor Rambabu Kodali, Director, National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, Dr. Venkateswara Rao Surisetty, Research Scientist, E. I. Dupont Canada Company, Canada.
- Prominent scientists of India are honoured by Dr Nayudamma Award. The awardees include A P J Abdul Kalam, M S Swaminathan, Verghese Kurien and Kota Hari Narayana.
Tenali is well known for its educational institutions and one of the major destinations for students from nearby villages.
Best Hindi school, Babuji Hindi Vidyalayam, established in 1981, Pradhamika to Praveena, LPT,TET, DSC competitive cources. Prabhakara Rao Kankanala( Ex Academic counceller Dakshin Bharath Hindi Pracharasabha Madras.) is the Director of this institution
One of the oldest vedic schools of Andhra Pradesh, established in 1893, is Sree Yalavarthy Anjaneya Sastry Veda Pathashala, which is located in Gandhi Nagar. Traditional Vedic smartham was taught here by late Prathanacharya Sri Pandita pamarthi Nagabhushana Sharma. <http://yalavarthivedapathasala.org/>
- Vishwabrahmana Veda Pathasala (Tenali)
- Kotha Raghuramaiah M.A., L.L.B. (Telugu: కొత్త రఘురామయ్య) (6 August 1912 – 6 June 1979) was a famous Indian Politician and Member of Parliament
- Padmavibhushan Kotha sachidananda murthy(philososphy)
- Nannapaneni Venkat Rao, Ex M.L.A, Ex Municipal chairman, Founder, Nannapaneni group of Institutions, Tenali
- Nannapaneni Linga Rao, Chairman, NVR CO-Operative Sugars, Jampani
- Alapati Venkataramaiah, ex-Minister, Yadlapalli
- Avula Sambasiva Rao, former Chief Justice Andhra Pradesh High Court, ex-VC Andhra University; Mulpuru
- Ghattamaneni Krishna, film actor, director, producer
- Ghattamaneni Mahesh Babu, film actor
- Gummadi Venkateswara Rao, movie actor, Ravikampadu
- Kalluri Chandramouli, ex-Minister, Moparru
- Kodavatiganti Kutumbarao, Telugu writer
- Kongara Jaggayya, movie actor, Morampurdi
- Konijeti Rosaiah – Former Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh and two-time Finance Minister, Present Governor (Tamil Nadu) Vemuru
- Lankapalli Bullayya – ex-VC Andhra University
- Nadendla Bhaskara Rao, Former chief Minister(Donepudi)
- Nadendla Manohar- Speaker of Andhra pradesh
- Savitri, South Indian actress from Chirravuru
- Sharada, actress
- Tenali Ramakrishna, court poet of the Vijayanagara dynasty during the reign of Sri Krishnadevaraya
- Tripuraneni Ramaswamy, ex-Municipal chairman, poet and social reformer
- Yelavarthy Nayudamma – Scientist
In the area of modern literature, contributions from Tenali are laudable with the works of;
- G. V. Rao
- Kodavatiganti Kutumbarao
- Natarajan (Sarada[disambiguation needed])
- Tripuraneni Ramaswamy
Tenali (and nearby villages) has contributed the major share of artists to Telugu stage. There are quite a few extraordinary artists who later moved on to film industry such as;
- Amanchi Venkata Subrahmanyam (AVS, Telugu Comedian)
- Chittor V. Nagaiah
- Dr. Govindarajula Subba Rao (First Telugu hero)
- Ghattamaneni Krishna
- Gummadi Venkateswara Rao
- Kanchanamala (First Telugu heroin)
- Kongara Jaggayya
- Mahesh Babu
- M. S. Ramarao (Sundara Dasu)
- Mudigonda Lingamurthy
- Prabha[disambiguation needed]
- Vangara Venkata Subbaiah
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.