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Tenali Railway Station West Booking office
|Nickname(s): Andhra Paris|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Tenali, is a city and a municipality in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is famous for its culture and is also as Andhra Paris, for its rich history, agriculture, culture and literature. It is located 28km east of Guntur City and 33km south of Vijayawada. Three canals of the Krishna River which flow through Tenali making it a part of the rice bowl of Andhra Pradesh.
Tenali is located in the coastal region of the state. This is the second largest town in Guntur District.
Tenali is located 42 km from the sea coast. It is generally hot and humid during summer with temperatures ranging between 28–42 °C (82–108 °F). Winters are milder with temperatures between 15 °C (59 °F) and 25 °C (77 °F). Heavy rains are experienced between July and November during monsoon time.
As per provisional data from the 2011 census, Tenali municipality had a population of 164,649, out of which males were 81,324 and females were 83,325. About 10% of the population in Tenali is under 6 years of age. The literacy rate was 84% which is higher than the national average of 74.04%. .
The town thrives on trade and agriculture. The region around the town has fertile soil irrigated by the Krishna river and its canals. Major crops include Lemons, Bananas, Sugar Cane, Rice, Lentils, Sapota (Chickoo) and Turmeric(Pasupu). Pulses like black gram and red gram are grown as rice fallows in the area. Maize has recently been introduced in the region which has become a major commercial crop. Tenali is famous for Handloom Pattu (Silk) Sarees, Gold Jewelry, Wood and Steel Utensils.
The town holds a large middle class, making up more than 75% of the total population. Major source of income is agriculture (with two to three crops each year) followed by small-scale businesses.
Tenali is well connected to the major cities of by road and railway. The nearest cities to Tenali are Guntur & Vijayawada. Tenali Railway Junction is one of the junction stations in Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway, serving many passenger and frieght trains.
Tenali is well known for its educational institutions and one of the major destinations for students.
One of the oldest vedic schools of Andhra Pradesh, established in 1893, is Sree Yalavarthy Anjaneya Sastry Veda Pathashala, which is located in Gandhi Nagar. Traditional Vedic smartham was taught here by late Prathanacharya Sri Pandita pamarthi Nagabhushana Sharma.
There are many religions with their worship centers of Hindu gods, mosques and churches. Famous of them include Vaikuntapuram temple, to which an average of 35,000 devotees travel to every month to get a glimpse of the Lord Venkateswara. The Iglesia Ni Cristo church based in the Philippines has already set foot in Tenali and the adherants are getting bigger.
There are many famous poets, theatre artists, scholars, actors, scientists and academicians are from this town. Tenali Ramakrishna, who was a court-poet of Krishnadeva Raya of the Vijayanagara empire and well known for his wit and impressive Telugu poetry was born in Tumuluru near Tenali in the 16th century.
Avula Sambasiva Rao, former Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh High Court and also an ex-Vice Chancellor of Andhra University. Konijeti Rosaiah, former Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh. Nadendla Bhaskara Rao, former chief Minister from Donepudi and Yelavarthy Nayudamma, a renowned scientist.
Many artists are from Tenali (and nearby villages) has contributed the major share to Telugu film industry such as Amanchi Venkata Subrahmanyam, commonly known as AVS is Telugu Comedian. Dr. Govindarajula Subba Rao (First Telugu hero), Ghattamaneni Krishna, Gummadi Venkateswara Rao, Jamuna, Kanchanamala (First Telugu heroin), Kongara Jaggayya, Prabha, Savitri, Sharada etc. In the area of modern literature, contributors such as Chakrapani, Gudipati Venkata Chalam, Kodavatiganti Kutumbarao, Tripuraneni Ramaswamy are famous.
- "About Tenali". Vijayawada: VGTM Urban Development Authority. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "Veda Pathasala". yalavarthivedapathasala. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
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