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Tenali Railway Station West Booking office
|Nickname(s): Andhra Paris|
|• MLA||Alapati Rajendra Prasad|
|• Total||15.11 km2 (5.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||522201 / 2|
|Vehicle registration||AP 07|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bapatla (SC)|
Tenali is a city in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 12 municipalities in Guntur district. The city is the headquarters of Tenali mandal and Tenali revenue division. For its rich history, agriculture, culture and literature, the city is also known as Andhra Paris. It is located 25 km east of Guntur City and 33 km south of Vijayawada. Three canals of the Krishna River flows through the city, making it a part of the Rice Bowl of Andhra Pradesh.
The word Tenali was transformed from Teravali.
Tenali is of great historic importance. The relics from the excavations of the Archaeology Society of India in Tenali vicinity indicate that it has the roots of Jainism and Buddhism. The Archaeological monuments revealed that the village 'Teravali' gradually became Tenali and it is also reputed for devotees, intellectuals, orators, artists and educationalists from ancient days. The earliest accounts of the country tell that, this region formed part of the famous kingdom of "Andhra-Satavahana" dynasty from 225 B.C. to 225 A.D. Subsequently, the region was under the rule of the various dynasties for various periods.
Tenali is located in the coastal region of the state, about 30 km from Bay of Bengal. This is the second largest town in Guntur district. Tenali is the third largest urban cluster in the VGTM-UDA region next to Vijayawada and Guntur. The Krishna main canal (Buckingham canal) along with two parallel irrigation canals passes through the town.
Tenali is located about 30 km from the sea coast. Hence it is generally hot and humid during summer with temperatures ranging between 28–42 °C (82–108 °F). Winters are milder with temperatures between 15 °C (59 °F) and 25 °C (77 °F). Heavy rains are experienced between July and November during monsoon time.
As of 2011[update] Census of India, the city had a population of 164,649. The total population constitute, 81,324 males and 83,325 females —a sex ratio of 1025 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 13,040 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 6,630 are boys and 6,410 are girls—a ratio of 967 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 82.63% (male 86.99%; female 78.41%) with 56,501 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.
Government and politics
The municipality was formed in 1909 and was constituted as special grade municipality in 1965. It comprises Tenali, Pinapadu and Chinaravuru, spread over an area of 15.11 km2 (5.83 sq mi). There are 36 election wards represented by a councilor.
Tenali a part of Tenali (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Alapati Rajendra Prasad is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party. It is also a part of Guntur (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Galla Jayadev of Telugu Desam Party.
The town thrives on trade and agriculture. The region around the town has fertile black alluvial soil irrigated by the Krishna river and its canals. Major crops include Lemons, Bananas, Sugar Cane, Rice, Lentils, Sapota and Turmeric. Pulses like black gram and red gram are grown as rice fallows in the area. Maize has recently been introduced in the region which has become a major commercial crop. Tenali is famous for Handloom Pattu (Silk) Sarees, Gold Jewelry, Wood and Steel Utensils. The town holds a large middle class, making up more than 75% of the total population. Major source of income is agriculture (with two to three crops each year) followed by small-scale businesses.
Tenali is well connected to the major cities by road and railway. The nearest cities to Tenali are Guntur & Vijayawada. Tenali railway station is one of the busiest junction stations in Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway, acting as gateway for Vijayawada, Guntur, Chennai and Repalle, thereby serving hundreds of passenger and freight trains daily. Tenali station, with five platforms, is one of the fourteen ‘A’ category stations and one of the five adarsh stations in the Vijayawada Division of South Central Railway zone. Tenali Bus station under APSRTC, serves passengers with bus connectivity to Guntur, Vijayawada, Mangalagiri and to nearby towns of Ponnur, Bapatla, Kollipara, Vemuru, Bhattiprolu etc.
Tenali is well known for its educational institutions and one of the major destinations for students. It consists of Major educational institutions like Vignan Institute of Technology, a well decorated deemed engineering college, Viveka group of schools and colleges etc. One of the oldest vedic schools of Andhra Pradesh, established in 1893, is Sree Yalavarthy Anjaneya Sastry Veda Pathashala, located in Gandhi Nagar. Traditional Vedic smartham was taught by late Prathanacharya Sri Pandita pamarthi Nagabhushana Sarma.
There are many religions with their worship centers of Hindu gods, mosques and churches. Famous of them include Vaikuntapuram temple, to which an average of 35,000 devotees travel to every month to get a glimpse of the Lord Venkateswara. The Iglesia Ni Cristo church based in the Philippines has already set foot in Tenali and the adherents are getting bigger.
Tenali Ramakrishna, who was a court-poet of Krishnadeva Raya of the Vijayanagara empire and well known for his wit and impressive Telugu poetry was born in Tumuluru near Tenali in the 16th century. Many artists are from Tenali (and nearby villages) has contributed the major share to Telugu film industry such as Amanchi Venkata Subrahmanyam, commonly known as AVS is Telugu Comedian, Kalyanam Raghuramaiah (Eelapata Raghuramaiah, (Nandivelugu)), Dr. Govindarajula Subba Rao (First Telugu hero), Ghattamaneni Krishna, Gummadi Venkateswara Rao, Jamuna, Kanchanamala (First Telugu heroin), Kongara Jaggayya, Prabha, Savitri, Sharada etc. In the area of modern literature, contributors such as Chakrapani, Gudipati Venkata Chalam, Kodavatiganti Kutumbarao, Tripuraneni Ramaswamy are famous.
Yelavarthy Nayudamma, a renowned scientist hail from Tenali.
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