Tenancingo, State of Mexico
|Town & Municipality|
Hill of the Three Marias
|State||State of Mexico|
|• Municipal President||Tanya Rellstab Carreto (2009-2012)|
|Elevationof seat||2,020 m (6,630 ft)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Postal code (of seat)||52400|
|Website||(Spanish) http:// www.tenancingo.gob.mx/|
Tenancingo de Degollado is a city and the municipal seat of the municipality Tenancingo located in Mexico State, Mexico, although both are commonly known as Tenancingo. It is 26 miles (42 km) from Toluca, southwest of Mexico City. The name Tenancingo means "small (outdoor) walls" in Náhuatl.
It is the see city of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tenancingo, newly created by Pope Benedict XVI in November 2009 as a suffragan diocese to the Archdiocese of Mexico, with its territory taken from the Diocese of Toluca.
It is situated on the central Mexican plateau at an altitude of 2,020 m and had a population of 30,047 in 2005. The town's economy is principally agricultural, concentrating on the production of grain, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables and livestock. There is also an important production of ikat shawls "rebozos" with elaborately knotted fringes.
The area was first settled between 1800 an 1300 BC with remains found around the hills of Nixcongo, Exhacienda de Monte de Pozo and Tepoxtepec showing Olmec influence. During the Pre-classic and Classic periods the area was dominated by the Tarascans. During the Aztec invasion of the area, the Tenancingo chief Tezozomoctli, collaborated with Axayacatl to subdue the rival chief Chicaquiauh of Malinalco and to conquer Calpulli de Coapipitzoatepec (Xochiaca). In return, he remained an independent chieftain within the Aztec Empire. In 1535, after the Conquest, the area was given to Juan Salcedo. In 1537, the Augustinians evangelized the area and built a hermitage here. The modern town of Tenancingo was founded by the Spanish in 1551 near the older native settlements at the base of the Hill of Las Tres Marías (The Three Marias). In 1771, the Carmelites built a monastery here. In 1861, the village gained town status, and in1878, Tenancingo was recognized as a city.
The town is best noted for the production of rebozos, being documented as early as 1790. The dyes used are primarily based on indigo dye and the resist is with tightly wrapped cotton thread on portions of the warp. The looms are often integral to the dwellings and weaving is performed by the men standing (or running) on the treadles.
The municipality was founded in 1847 when the villages of San Martín, Xochiaca and Zepayautla were decreed as under the governing jurisdiction of Tenancingo de Degollado. The municipal palace was constructed in 1878 in the newly declared city of Tenancingo de Degollado. The municipality used to be much bigger than it is today, including what is now the municipality of Zumpahuacan and parts of other neighboring municipalities by was reduced to its current size by about 1875 due to the population growth in the southern part of the State of Mexico.
It is bordered by the municipalities of Tenango del Valle, Joquicingo, Zumpahuacán, Malinalco and Villa Guerrero. It has governing jurisdiction over the following communities: Acatzingo (Acatzingo de la Piedra), Agua Bendita, Agua Dulce, Chalchihuapan, Col. Lázaro Cárdenas Ixpuchiapan, Colonia Emiliano Zapata (Ejido Tepetzingo), Colonia Guadalupe Victoria, Colonia Morelos (Ejido San Isidro), Colonia San Francisco, Colonia San Mateo (Ejido de Tepoxtepec), Colonia San Ramón, Colonia Valle de Guadalupe, Convento del Santo Desierto del Carmen, Cruz Vidriada, Ejido de Tenería (El Llano), Ejido Ixpuchiapan, El Carmen (El Desierto del Carmen), Emiliano Zapata (San Isidro Labrador), Francisco Zarco, Gualupita, Ixpuichiapan, La Compuerta (Cristo Rey), La Loma, La Mesita, La Ocotalera, La Providencia, La Tira, Lagunilla, Los Morales, Monte de Pozo Plan de San Martín, Pueblo Nuevo, Quetzalapa, Rinconada de Atotonilco (Atotonilco), Rinconada de Santa Teresa, San Antonio Agua Bendita (Agua Bendita), San José Chalmita, San José Tenería (Tenería), San Juan Tetitlán, San Juan Xochiaca (Xochiaca), San Martín Coapaxtongo, San Nicolás, San Pedro Ejido Tecomatlán (Ejido Tecomatlán), San Simonito (San Simonito Atlacomulco), Santa Ana Ixtlahuatzingo (Santa Ana), Santa Cruz Xochiaca, Santa Teresa, Santa Teresita Acatzingo, Tecomatlán (San Miguel Tecomatlán), Tepalcatepec, Tepetzingo (Santiago Tepetzingo), Tepoxtepec (Tepoztepec), Terrenate, Tierra Blanca and Zepayautla (San Gabriel Zepayautla). The total population as of 2005 was 80,183 people.
Near the town of Tenancingo is the Santo Desierto of Tenancingo. This "desert" is really the Carmelite term for monastery or convent. This convent was built at the end of the 19th century, when the Desierto de los Leones, near Mexico City was abandoned. The friars decided to move to this area because at that time, Mexico City had grown so much that the old convent was no longer isolated and received too many visitors. Unlike monasteries, this convent has its chapel located in the center of the complex. The complex is surrounded by a 549-hectare pine forest, which in 1942 was designated a national forest. The buildings are no longer used religiously and are now a tourist attraction. Tenancingo is one of the most important producers of roses and all types of flowers, such as gerbera, margarita, spider, chrysanthemum, astromerias, lirios, and almost all the varieties of flowers that you can imagine. The Mexico State is one of the most important states for floriculture; Tenancingo deserves special mention. The great variety of flowers that the floricultors produce in this town is a subject of national pride.
Most producers of flowers are from Santa Ana Ixtlahuatzingo that is a region with fertile land, almost all the land in that region is used by floricultors. The city has a flower market where you can find many varieties, especially of roses.
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Tenancingo". Retrieved 2008-03-22.[dead link]
- "Principales resultados por localidad 2005 (ITER)". Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (August 2007). "Santo Desierto en Tenancingo". Guía México Desconocido: Estado de Mexico 136: 37. ISSN 1870-9400.
- City of Tenancingo. "Tenancingo". Retrieved 2007-10-19.