|History of Japan|
Tenbun (天文?), also known as Tembun or Temmon, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Kyōroku and before Kōji. This period spanned the years from July 1532 through October 1555. The reigning emperor was Go-Nara-tennō (後奈良天皇?).
Change of era
- 1532 Tenbun gannen (天文元年?): At the request of Ashikaga Yoshiharu, the 12th Shōgun of the Muromachi Bakufu, the era name was changed because of various battles. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kyōroku 5, on the 29th day of the 7th month.
Events of the Tenbun era
- 1532 (Tenbun 1, 24th day of the 8th month): Yamashina Hongan-ji set on fire. Hokke Riot in Kyōto.
- 1536 (Tenbun 5, 26th day of the 2nd month): Go-Nara is formally installed as emperor.
- 1541 (Tenbun 10, 14th day of the 6th month): Takeda Harunobu (later Takeda Shingen) banishes his father, Takeda Nobutora.
- 1542 (Tenbun 11, 25th day of the 8th month): Imagawa Yoshimoto, who was daimyo of Suruga province, conquered Totomi province; and from there, he entered Mikawa province where he battled the daimyo of Owari province, Oda Nobuhide. The Imagawa forces were defeated by the Oda army.
- 1543 (Tenbun 12, 25th day of the 8th month): Portuguese ship drifts ashore at Tanegashima, and the gun is first introduced into Japan.
- 1543 (Tenbun 13, 7th month): There was flooding in Heian-kyō and nearby areas.
- 1546 (Tenbun 15, 20th day of the 12th month): Ashikaga Yoshihusi becomes 13th Shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate.
- 1547 (Tenbun 16): Joseon-Japanese "Treaty of Tenbun", trading limited to Joseon port of Pusan and Sō clan commerce limited to 20 ships annually.
- 1548 (Tenbun 17, 30th day of the 12th month): Nagao Kagetora (later Uesugi Kenshin) replaces his older brother Nagao Harukage as heir to Echigo Province, with triumphant entry in Kasugayama Castle.
- 1549 (Tenbun 18, 24th day of the 2nd month): Princess Nō marries Oda Nobunaga.
- 1549 (Tenbun 18, 3rd day of the 7th month): Jesuit Catholic priest Francis Xavier arrives in Japan at Kagoshima.
- 1549 (Tenbun 18, 27th day of the 11th month): Matsudaira clan of Mikawa Province fall under Imagawa Yoshimoto's rule. Matsudaira Takechiyo (later Tokugawa Ieyasu) departs for Imagawa as a hostage.
- 1554 (Tenbun 23, 2nd month): Shogun Yoshihusi was changed to Yoshiteru.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tembun" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 956; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 372-382.
- Titsingh, p. 374.
- Titsingh, p. 376.
- Titsingh, p. 377.
- Titsingh, p. 381; n.b., Ashikaga Yoshihusi changed his name to Yoshiteru in 1554 (Tenbun 23, 2nd month).]
- Titsingh, p. 378.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1997). The Cambridge History of Japan: Early Modern Japan, p. 249.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1997). The Cambridge History of Japan: Early Modern Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10-ISBN 0-521-22355-5; 13-ISBN 978-0-521-22355-3; OCLC 174552485
- Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 48943301
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō