Teng's ruling family was the Ji family, with the founder being the 14th brother of King Wu of Zhou. It was conquered and annexed by the State of Yue during the reign of King Goujian of Yue (r. 496–465BC).
Teng was a vassal of the State of Lu, and is famed as the birthplace of the Chinese philosopher Mozi (Micius) and architect Lu Ban. The name of the state survives in both the city of Tengzhou and the Chinese clan name of Teng.
It was annihilated by King Zhugou 朱勾 (d.411 BC) of Yue.