|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013)|
Tenida (Bengali টেনিদা) or Teni (see Tenida for da) is a fictional native of Potoldanga in Calcutta, who appears in a number of short stories and larger works of the Bengali author Narayan Gangopadhyay. The leader of a group of four young lads who lived in the neighbourhood of Potoldanga, Tenida was depicted as the local big-mouthed airhead, who, although not blessed with academic capabilities, was admired and respected by the other three for his presence of mind, courage, and honesty as well as his vociferous appetite. Descriptions of Tenida's nose also make frequent appearances in the text, being described as "a large nose resembling Mount Mainak". The narrator of the stories is Pyalaram, who seemed to share his leader's frailty in academic exertions. The other two characters who formed an integral part of the quartet were Habul Sen, who speaks with strong East Bengali accent (Dhakai) and Kyabla, the cleverest among the four.
The stories of Tenida are basically two types. (i) Tenida narrates fabricated stories of his so-called heroism  (ii)Tenia & Pyala  or all the four are involved in hilarious adventure where the gang goes through interesting situations but solves the mystery at the end. The short stories were extensively based in Calcutta and its suburbs, but the Charmurti traveled to Hajaribag, Duars, Darjeeling  where their pleasure trip turned into a series of mysterious incidents.
March 1946 Narayan Gangopadhyay, shifted to a rented house at Patoldanga,Kolkata, where his Landlord was Shri.Probhat Mukherjee (Tenida). Narayan Gangopadyay never had a good relation with his landlord. When Bishu Mukherjee approached him for stories for 'Mouchak". Tenida was created initially to mock his landlord in two stories "Matsya puran " & "Khattango O Pallanno". Other two characters Kybla & Habul were added subsequently and profile of Tenida was also changed.
Main Characters in the Tenida Universe
The suffix da used after his actual nickname Teni is short for dada (elder brother) which is used to initiate conversations with an elderly male stranger in colloquial Bengali. The shorthand, used after a person's name, is a mark of respect and acknowledgment of seniority. He is the leader of the gang and sometimes the neighborhood bully. Tenida's real name is Bhojohori Mukherji (Bengali: ভজহরি মুখার্জী). He is an indigent Bengali Brahmin.
Pyalaram, the narrator of the stories, wrote from the point of view of the writer himself. He was a timid member and suffered from a chronic stomach ailment. His unfavorite food items appear to be potol diye singhi maacher jhol (fish curry) and bashok patar rosh (the juice of the malabar nut leaf). Pyalaram followed in his Tenida's footsteps, having repeated his final year in school for two years before passing matriculation with the rest of the gang. Pyala's real name is Kamalesh Banerjee (Bengali: কমলেশ ব্যানার্জী). These names are listed, among other stories in the short novella in "Tenidar Abhijan" entitled "Charmurtir Abhijan". Like Tenida, he is also a Bengali Brahmin.
Kushal Mitra (Bengali: কুশল মিত্র) also known as Kyabla: Kyabla is supposedly the most intelligent, smart and brave among them. Clever and the top among his classmates, this handsome and dapper young man is the backbone of this group. Tenida always looks up to Kyabla for finding solutions to tricky situations. Kyabla has solved all the mysteries in all the adventures that they have been to. He is the integral part of Tenida's gang. Ironically and laced with a touch of humor, the word Kyabla in Bengali literally means stupid. He is a Bengali Kayastha by caste.
Habul's family hailed from East Bengal, a fact that is blatantly obvious by his strong Bangal accent characteristic of people from Eastern Bengal. Habul's parents probably lived in Bikrampur in what is now Bangladesh before moving to Calcutta. Habul Sen stands out in having an independent character — he is timid but not as much as Pyalaram. He is also a very good student unlike Tenida and Pyalaram. Habul's real name is Swarnendu Sen (Bengali: স্বর্ণেন্দু সেন). In some novels, we come to know that he knows boxing.
Books of Tenida
- Char Murtir Obhijan
- Kombol Niruddesh
- Tenida Aar Sindhughotok
- Jhau-banglor Rahasyo
- Dadhichi, Poka, O Bishwakarma
- Khottango O Polanno
- Peshawar Ki Aamir
- Kaak Kahini
- Cricket Maane Jhijhi
- Porer Upokaar Korio Na
- Chengiz Aar Hamlin-Er Banshiwala
- Nidarun Protishodh
- Tottwabodhan Maane-Jeebe Prem
- The Great Chhantai
- Kuttimamar Haater Kaaj
- Bon-Bhojoner Byapar
- Kuttimamar Donto-Kahini
- Bhojohari Film Corporation
- Chamchike Aar Ticket Checker
- Brahmhobikasher Dontobikash
- Tiktikir Lyaj
- Bearing Chaant
- Honolulu-R Makuda
- Haalkhaataar Khaowadaowa
- Ghunteparar Shei Match
- Tenida Aar Yeti
- Ekadoshir Ranchi Jaowa
- Nyangcha-Dar Hahakar
- Bhajagourango Katha
- Ekti Football Match
- Porer Upokar Korio Na
Essays About Tenida
- Kichu Kotha: Boi Niye, Tenidake Niye
- Potoldangar Shei Tenidar Boyosh Ekhon Ponchattor
- Shomogro Kishore Sahitya
- Tenida Samagra
In other media
This story is about the adventures of Tenida and Co. when they go for an outing near Ranchi and happens to encounter a gang involved in making counterfeit bank-notes.
Animated TV series
An animated series featuring Tenida started airing on Zee Bangla. Tenida was voiced by Sabyasachi Chakrabarty, who is famous for playing Feluda in the recent films.Kyabla was voiced by Debasish Ghosh, who also wrote the script.Habul was voiced by Tapan Chakroborty. He was also the drama director. Pyalaa was voiced by Abhijit Biswas. Although, none of the character's description of hair colour is given in the books, but in the comics, they all have black hair, but in this series, Tenida has red hair, Pyalaa has brown hair, Habul has Violet and Kyabla has black hair.
The first comics was published in Anondomela Pujabarshiki in 80s — Crickter Tenida adopted from the story Cricket Maane Jhijhi.
The later comic adaptations ware published through the general issues of the same magazine.
5 were published till this date:
- Jhau-bungalor Rahasyo
- Tenida Aar Sindhughotok
- Tenida Aar Yeiti
- Dadhichi, Poka, O Bishwakarma
first 3 of them are also available as comic book.Jhau-bungalor Rahasyo and Tenida (Sindhughotok Aar Yeti)from Anondo Publishers .This comics are illustrated by Arijit dutta Chaudhuri.
Recently, in the year of 2009 Pujavarshiki Sandesh, edited by Sandip ray, Harshomohan Chattoraj illustrated a comics on Tenida Story: Bhajagorango Katha.
- "Tenida ar Yeti-Sabar Prio Tenida"
- Bhajahari Film Corporation
- "Jhaubanglar Rahosyo"
- "Charmurtir Abhijan"
- "Jhaubanglar Rahoshyo"
- Narayan Gangopadhyay By Saroj Dutta
- Personal interview of Narayan Gangopadhay's brother -in-law Sri.Gopal Sanyal.
- Preamble of Author's Book "Chhotoder Shretho Galpo.
- Dadhichi, Poka Ar Biswakarma"