Tenjin Ōmuta Line
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (July 2014)|
|Tenjin Ōmuta Line|
8000 series EMU on a Limited Express service crossing Yabe River
|Termini||Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station
|Opening||April 12, 1924|
|Line length||74.8 km (46.5 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The Tenjin Ōmuta Line (天神大牟田線 Tenjin Ōmuta sen?) is a heavy rail line in Fukuoka Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan. It is the main line of the private railway company Nishi-Nippon Railroad (Nishitetsu). The line connects Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station[Note 1] in Chūō-ku, Fukuoka with Ōmuta Station in Ōmuta. Until 2000, the line was called the Ōmuta Line (大牟田線 Ōmuta sen?).
- Double: Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) - Shikenjōmae, Daizenji - Kamachi, Hiraki - Ōmuta
- Single: the rest
The line runs approximately parallel with to the JR Kyushu Kagoshima Main Line, but connection between the lines are poor.
The operator Nishitetsu offers two types of limited-stop "Rapid" train services as well as all-stations "Local" trains.
- Local (普通 Futsū?)
- Stops all stations. Between Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) and Chikushi or Daizenji inside the line, Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) and Dazaifu of Dazaifu Line, Amagi of Amagi Line and Ōmuta. Trains inside the line and Dazaifu Line with 4-7 car EMUs, through trains to Amagi Line with 2-car 7000 and 7050 series EMUs
- Express (急行 Kyūkō?) (Ex)
- Operated all day. Some Expresses are operated as Locals in southern part (Ōmuta side). In day hours, 2 per hour per direction between Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) and Nishitetsu Ogōri, and 2 between Nishitetsu Fukuoka and Hanabatake. Five-car 3000 series EMUs, 6-car 2000 and 5000 series EMUs
- Limited Express (特急 Tokkyū?) (LE)
- Between Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) and Ōmuta, 2 service per direction per hour. Seven-car 8000 series in day hours, 5000, 6000 and 6050 series EMUs in the morning and evening hours
During the daytime between 10:00 and 16:00, the numbers of trains per direction per hour are as follows.
- Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) - Nishitetsu Futsukaichi
- 2 LE, 4 Ex, 6 Lo
- Nishitetsu Futsukaichi - Chikushi
- 2 LE, 4 Ex, 4 Lo
- Chikushi - Nishitetsu Ogōri
- 2 LE, 2 Ex, 2 Lo (north of Chikushi as Ex), 2 Lo
- Nishitetsu Ogōri - Miyanojin
- 2 LE, 2 Ex, 2 Lo
- Miyanojin - Hanabatake
- 2 LE, 2 Ex, 2 Lo, 2 Lo through to Amagi Line
- Hanabatake - Daizenji
- 2 Lo, 4 Lo
- Daizenji - Ōmuta
- 2 LE, 2 Lo
- lower case shows some trains stop
- e1: Expresses only for Chikushi stop
- e2: Expresses only down for Nishitetsu Ogōri, some ups from Hanabatake, Shikenjōmae, Tsubuku, Nishitetsu Yanagawa stop
|Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin)||西鉄福岡 (天神)||0.0||Ex LE||Chūō-ku,
|Nishitetsu Futsukaichi||西鉄二日市||15.2||Ex LE||
|Nishitetsu Kurume||西鉄久留米||38.6||Ex LE|
|Nishitetsu Yanagawa||西鉄柳川||58.4||Ex LE|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2012)|
The Kyushu Railway (九州鉄道 Kyūshū Tetsudō?)[Note 2] built and operated the first Interurban railway line in Kyushu from Fukuoka, planned to extend to Kumamoto, but difficulty in securing a corridor south of Omuta resulted in that plan being abandoned.
- April 12, 1924: Fukuoka (presently Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin)) - Kurume (presently Nishitetsu Kurume) opened by the Kyushu Railway (II). 1,435mm gauge, electrified, double tracked
- December 28, 1932: Kurume - Tsubuku opened, single tracked
- June 22, 1937: The Ōkawa Railway was merged into the Kyushu Railway. Kamikurume - Tsubuku - Daizenji - Enokizu became a part of Kūshū Railway network, single tracked, 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge
- October 1, 1937: Tsubuku - Daizenji of ex-Ōkawa Railway regauged to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (the remainder abandoned later). Daizenji - Yanagawa (presently Nishitetsu Yanagawa) opened
- December 1, 1938: Fukuoka - Tsubuku from Tram Act to Local Railway Act
- September 1, 1938: Yanagawa - Nakashima (presently Nishitetsu Nakashima) opened
- October 1. 1938: Nakashima - Sakaemachi (presently Shin-Sakaemachi) opened
- July 1, 1939: Sakaemachi - Ōmuta opened, the line completed
- September 19, 1942: Kyushu Electric Tramway (九州電気軌道 Kyūshū Denki Kidō?) merged, under wartime condition, Kyushu Railway and some other railway companies in Fukuoka Prefecture
- September 22, 1942: Kyushu Electric Tramway renamed Nishi-Nippon Railroad, the line became its Ōmuta Line
- November 11, 1951: Nishitetsu Kurume - Shikenjōmae track doubled
- March 20, 1960: Kuranaga - Nishitetsu Ginsui track doubled
- April, 1961: Nishitetsu Ginsui - Sakaemachi track doubled
- June 21, 1961: Sakaemachi - Ōmuta track doubled
- November 20, 1965: Hiraki - Kuranaga track doubled
- February, 1967: Daizenji - Mizuma, Ōmizo - Kamachi track doubled
- June 10 1974: CTC signalling is commissioned on the entire line
- January 15, 1997: Mizuma - Ōmizo track doubled
- January 1, 2001: Proper names changed to Tenjin-Ōmuta Line from Ōmuta Line, Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station (with Tenjin in parentheses) from Nishitetsu Fukuoka Station
- February 16 2008: The maximum speed on the line is increased from 100 km/h to 110 km/h
- March 27, 2010: Rapid Express (快速急行 Kaisoku Kyūkō?) and Non-Stop (直行 Chokkō?) services were discontinued
Former connecting lines
- Miyanojin station - The Mitsui Electric Railway Co. opened a 12 km line to Fukushima between 1913 and 1924, and merged with the Kyushu Railway Co. the same year. The voltage was increased from 600 V DC to 1,500 V DC in 1948, and the line was closed in 1958.
- Tsubuku station - The Okawa Railway Co. opened a 2 km 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge line to Nawate (later Kurume) in 1912. The company merged with the Kyushu Railway Co. in 1937, and the line was converted to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gauge the same year. The line closed in 1948.
- Daizenji station - The Okawa Railway Co. also opened the 14 km 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge line to Enokizu (later Nishitetsu Okawa) between 1912 and 1920. It was also converted to 1435mm gauge in 1937, and closed in 1951.
- Until December 31, 2000, Nishitetsu Fukuoka was the official name. In order to clarify the station is in Tenjin district of the downtown Fukuoka, the proper name now carries the location in parentheses.
- This company was the second. The first built and operated, in Meiji period, nearly all the railway lines in Kyushu, and was nationalized in 1907.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.