Tenjin Ōmuta Line

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Tenjin Ōmuta Line
Nishitetsu8031F at Yabegawa bridge.jpg
8000 series EMU on a Limited Express service crossing Yabe River
Overview
Type Heavy rail
Locale Fukuoka Prefecture
Termini Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station
Ōmuta Station
Stations 49
Operation
Opening April 12, 1924
Owner Nishi-Nippon Railroad
Technical
Line length 74.8 km (46.5 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map
Fukuoka City SubwayKūkō Line
km Tenjin Station
0.0 Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station
Tenjin-Minami Station
↓ Fukuoka City Subway:Nanakuma Line
Yakuin New River
Watanabe-dōri Station
0.8 Yakuin Station
← Fukuoka City Subway: Kūkō Line ↑
1.8 Nishitetsu Hirao Station
Chikuzen-Takamiya Station
JNRChikuhi Line
2.9 Takamiya Station
Wakahisa River
4.3 Ōhashi Station
Naka River
JR KyūshūKyūshū Shinkansen
JR WestHakata Minami Line
↓ JR Kyūshū:Kagoshima Main Line
6.1 Ijiri StationSasabaru Station
Morōka River
8.0 Zasshonokuma Station/← Minamifukuoka Station
9.5 Kasugabaru Station/← Kasuga Station
Ushikubi River
10.8 Shirakibaru Station/← Ōnojō Station
11.6 Shimoōri Station/← Mizuki Station
Hirata River
Mikasa River
Mikasa River
13.8 Tofurōmae Station
Tofurō-Minami Station
Dazaifu Station
Futsukaichi Workshop
Dazaifu Line
15.2 Nishitetsu Futsukaichi Station
Futsukaichi Station
16.1 Murasaki Station
Takao River
Asakura Tram:Mainline
17.6 Asakuragaidō Station
Yamaguchi River
Tempaizan Station
19.4 Sakuradai Station
← JR Kyūshū:Chikuhō Main Line
20.8 Chikushi Station↑↓ JR Kyūshū:Kagoshima Main Line
Chikushi Rail Yard
23.0 Tsuko Station
Hōju River
24.1 Mikunagaoka Station
25.6 Mitsusawa Station
27.0 Ōho Station
Takahara River
Ōitai River Bank
Tsukichi River
Amagi Railway : Amagi Line
28.7 Nishitetsu Ogōri Station/ ← Ogōri Station
Asakura Tram: Tashiro Line
30.7 Hatama Station
Hōman River
33.7 Ajisaka Station
Amagi Station
Amagi Line
36.5 Miyanojin Station
Amagi Line
Chikugo River
37.7 Kushiwara Station
Mii Line
Chikugo Tram
38.6 Nishitetsu Kurume Station
Fukushima Line
39.5 Hanabatake Station
Kanamaru River
40.1 Shikenjōmae Station
← JR Kyūshū:Kyūdai Main Line
↑ JR Kyūshū:Kyushu Shinkansen→
↑ JR Kyūshū:Kagoshima Main Line →
Ōkawa Line
41.4 Tsubuku Station
42.8 Yasutake Station
Ontsuka StationService stopped - Date unknown
Hiro River
45.1 Daizenji Station
Ōkawa Line
46.9 Mizuma Station
48.0 Inuzuka Station
Yamanoi River
50.6 Ōmizo Station
52.9 Hacchomuta Station
Hanamune River
55.5 Kamachi Station
57.3 Yakabe Station
JNR:Saga Line
Okinohata River
58.4 Nishitetsu Yanagawa Station
Yanagawa Rail Yard
Shiotsuka River
59.7 Tokumasu Station
61.1 Shiotsuka Station
(63.1) Nakashima Signal Station
63.5 Nishitetsu Nakashima Station
Yabe River
65.1 Enoura Station
Kusuda River / JR Kyūshū:Kagoshima Main Line ↑↓
66.6 Hiraki StationWataze Station
Kuma River
67.9 Nishitetsu-Wataze Station
Yoshino Station
69.6 Kuranaga Station
70.8 Higashi-Amagi Station
Shirogin River
Ginsui River
Ginsui Station
72.1 Nishitetsu Ginsui Station
Dōmen River
73.7 Shin-Sakaemachi Station
Mīgetetsu Line
Sakaemachi Station1970 removed
Ōmuta River
74.8 Ōmuta Station
↑↓ JR Kyūshū:Kagoshima Main Line
The Fukuoka Tenjin terminal
3000 series EMU

The Tenjin Ōmuta Line (天神大牟田線 Tenjin Ōmuta sen?) is a heavy rail line in Fukuoka Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan. It is the main line of the private railway company Nishi-Nippon Railroad (Nishitetsu). The line connects Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station[Note 1] in Chūō-ku, Fukuoka with Ōmuta Station in Ōmuta. Until 2000, the line was called the Ōmuta Line (大牟田線 Ōmuta sen?).

Overview[edit]

  • Track
    • Double: Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) - Shikenjōmae, Daizenji - Kamachi, Hiraki - Ōmuta
    • Single: the rest

The line runs approximately parallel with to the JR Kyushu Kagoshima Main Line, but connection between the lines are poor.

Operations[edit]

Rapid services[edit]

The operator Nishitetsu offers two types of limited-stop "Rapid" train services as well as all-stations "Local" trains.

Local (普通 Futsū?)
Stops all stations. Between Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) and Chikushi or Daizenji inside the line, Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) and Dazaifu of Dazaifu Line, Amagi of Amagi Line and Ōmuta. Trains inside the line and Dazaifu Line with 4-7 car EMUs, through trains to Amagi Line with 2-car 7000 and 7050 series EMUs
Express (急行 Kyūkō?) (Ex)
Operated all day. Some Expresses are operated as Locals in southern part (Ōmuta side). In day hours, 2 per hour per direction between Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) and Nishitetsu Ogōri, and 2 between Nishitetsu Fukuoka and Hanabatake. Five-car 3000 series EMUs, 6-car 2000 and 5000 series EMUs
Limited Express (特急 Tokkyū?) (LE)
Between Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) and Ōmuta, 2 service per direction per hour. Seven-car 8000 series in day hours, 5000, 6000 and 6050 series EMUs in the morning and evening hours

Service pattern[edit]

During the daytime between 10:00 and 16:00, the numbers of trains per direction per hour are as follows.

Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) - Nishitetsu Futsukaichi
2 LE, 4 Ex, 6 Lo
Nishitetsu Futsukaichi - Chikushi
2 LE, 4 Ex, 4 Lo
Chikushi - Nishitetsu Ogōri
2 LE, 2 Ex, 2 Lo (north of Chikushi as Ex), 2 Lo
Nishitetsu Ogōri - Miyanojin
2 LE, 2 Ex, 2 Lo
Miyanojin - Hanabatake
2 LE, 2 Ex, 2 Lo, 2 Lo through to Amagi Line
Hanabatake - Daizenji
2 Lo, 4 Lo
Daizenji - Ōmuta
2 LE, 2 Lo

Stations[edit]

  • lower case shows some trains stop
  • e1: Expresses only for Chikushi stop
  • e2: Expresses only down for Nishitetsu Ogōri, some ups from Hanabatake, Shikenjōmae, Tsubuku, Nishitetsu Yanagawa stop
Station Distance
(km)
Stop Connections Location
Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) 西鉄福岡 (天神) 0.0 Ex LE Chūō-ku,
Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture
Yakuin 薬院 0.8 Ex LE
  • Fukuoka City Subway: Nanakuma Line
Nishitetsu Hirao 西鉄平尾 1.8    
Takamiya 高宮 2.9     Minami-ku, Fukuoka
Ōhashi 大橋 4.3 Ex     
Ijiri 井尻 6.1    
Zasshonokuma 雑餉隈 8.0     Hakata-ku, Fukuoka
Kasugabaru 春日原 9.5 Ex      Kasuga
Shirakibaru 白木原 10.8     Ōnojō
Shimoōri 下大利 11.6 Ex     
Tofurōmae 都府楼前 13.8     Dazaifu
Nishitetsu Futsukaichi 西鉄二日市 15.2 Ex LE Chikushino
Murasaki 16.1 e1     
Asakuragaidō 朝倉街道 17.6 Ex     
Sakuradai 桜台 19.4 e1     
Chikushi 筑紫 20.8 Ex     
Tsuko 津古 23.0 e2      Ogōri
Mikunigaoka 三国が丘 24.1 Ex     
Mitsusawa 三沢 25.6 e2     
Ōho 大保 27.0 e2     
Nishitetsu Ogōri 西鉄小郡 28.7 Ex   
Hatama 端間 30.7 e2     
Ajisaka 味坂 33.7 e2     
Miyanojin 宮の陣 36.5 Ex    Kurume
Kushiwara 櫛原 37.7 e2     
Nishitetsu Kurume 西鉄久留米 38.6 Ex LE  
Hanabatake 花畑 39.5 Ex LE  
Shikenjōmae 試験場前 40.1 ex     
Tsubuku 津福 41.4 ex     
Yasutake 安武 42.8 ex     
Daizenji 大善寺 45.1 Ex LE  
Mizuma 三潴 46.9 ex     
Inuzuka 犬塚 48.0 ex     
Ōmizo 大溝 50.6 ex      Ōki
Hatchōmuta 八丁牟田 52.9 ex     
Kamachi 蒲池 55.5 ex      Yanagawa
Yakabe 矢加部 57.3 ex     
Nishitetsu Yanagawa 西鉄柳川 58.4 Ex LE  
Tokumasu 徳益 59.7    
Shiotsuka 塩塚 61.1    
Nishitetsu Nakashima 西鉄中島 63.5    
Enoura 江の浦 65.1     Miyama
Hiraki 66.6    
Nishitetsu Wataze 渡瀬 67.9     Ōmuta
Kuranaga 倉永 69.6    
Higashi-Amagi 東甘木 70.8    
Nishitetsu Ginsui 銀水 72.1    
Shin-Sakaemachi 新栄町 73.7 Ex LE  
Ōmuta 大牟田 74.8 Ex LE

History[edit]

The Kyushu Railway (九州鉄道 Kyūshū Tetsudō?)[Note 2] built and operated the first Interurban railway line in Kyushu from Fukuoka, planned to extend to Kumamoto, but difficulty in securing a corridor south of Omuta resulted in that plan being abandoned.

  • April 12, 1924: Fukuoka (presently Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin)) - Kurume (presently Nishitetsu Kurume) opened by the Kyushu Railway (II). 1,435mm gauge, electrified, double tracked
  • December 28, 1932: Kurume - Tsubuku opened, single tracked
  • June 22, 1937: The Ōkawa Railway was merged into the Kyushu Railway. Kamikurume - Tsubuku - Daizenji - Enokizu became a part of Kūshū Railway network, single tracked, 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge
  • October 1, 1937: Tsubuku - Daizenji of ex-Ōkawa Railway regauged to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (the remainder abandoned later). Daizenji - Yanagawa (presently Nishitetsu Yanagawa) opened
  • December 1, 1938: Fukuoka - Tsubuku from Tram Act to Local Railway Act
  • September 1, 1938: Yanagawa - Nakashima (presently Nishitetsu Nakashima) opened
  • October 1. 1938: Nakashima - Sakaemachi (presently Shin-Sakaemachi) opened
  • July 1, 1939: Sakaemachi - Ōmuta opened, the line completed
  • September 19, 1942: Kyushu Electric Tramway (九州電気軌道 Kyūshū Denki Kidō?) merged, under wartime condition, Kyushu Railway and some other railway companies in Fukuoka Prefecture
  • September 22, 1942: Kyushu Electric Tramway renamed Nishi-Nippon Railroad, the line became its Ōmuta Line
  • November 11, 1951: Nishitetsu Kurume - Shikenjōmae track doubled
  • March 20, 1960: Kuranaga - Nishitetsu Ginsui track doubled
  • April, 1961: Nishitetsu Ginsui - Sakaemachi track doubled
  • June 21, 1961: Sakaemachi - Ōmuta track doubled
  • November 20, 1965: Hiraki - Kuranaga track doubled
  • February, 1967: Daizenji - Mizuma, Ōmizo - Kamachi track doubled
  • June 10 1974: CTC signalling is commissioned on the entire line
  • January 15, 1997: Mizuma - Ōmizo track doubled
  • January 1, 2001: Proper names changed to Tenjin-Ōmuta Line from Ōmuta Line, Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin) Station (with Tenjin in parentheses) from Nishitetsu Fukuoka Station
  • February 16 2008: The maximum speed on the line is increased from 100 km/h to 110 km/h
  • March 27, 2010: Rapid Express (快速急行 Kaisoku Kyūkō?) and Non-Stop (直行 Chokkō?) services were discontinued

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Miyanojin station - The Mitsui Electric Railway Co. opened a 12 km line to Fukushima between 1913 and 1924, and merged with the Kyushu Railway Co. the same year. The voltage was increased from 600 V DC to 1,500 V DC in 1948, and the line was closed in 1958.
  • Tsubuku station - The Okawa Railway Co. opened a 2 km 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge line to Nawate (later Kurume) in 1912. The company merged with the Kyushu Railway Co. in 1937, and the line was converted to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge the same year. The line closed in 1948.
  • Daizenji station - The Okawa Railway Co. also opened the 14 km 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge line to Enokizu (later Nishitetsu Okawa) between 1912 and 1920. It was also converted to 1435mm gauge in 1937, and closed in 1951.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Until December 31, 2000, Nishitetsu Fukuoka was the official name. In order to clarify the station is in Tenjin district of the downtown Fukuoka, the proper name now carries the location in parentheses.
  2. ^ This company was the second. The first built and operated, in Meiji period, nearly all the railway lines in Kyushu, and was nationalized in 1907.

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.