Tennessee's 7th congressional district
|Tennessee's 7th congressional district|
|Current Representative||Marsha Blackburn (R–Brentwood)|
|Ethnicity||84.6% White, 11.5% Black, 1.5% Asian, 2.2% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% other|
The district's current configuration dates from 1983, when Tennessee gained a district as a result of the 1980 Census. At that time, large portions of the old 6th District were shifted to the 4th and 9th districts, and the remaining territory of the old 6th was renumbered the 7th. Prior to the reapportionment that resulted from the 2000 Census, the district's boundaries generally coincided with county lines, but in Middle Tennessee, the 7th district's geography resembled a gerrymander. The result was a district that was 200 miles long, but at some points in the Middle Tennessee portion of the district was only two miles wide--about the width of a highway lane. Redistricting after the 2010 census restored a configuration similar to the 1990s lines.
The 7th is a very safe seat for the Republican Party. In fact, it has long been reckoned as the state's most Republican area outside the party's traditional heartland in East Tennessee. Democrats have made only two serious bids for the district since it took on its current form in 1983, and came within single digits only once. Most of the district's residents have not been represented by a Democrat since 1973.
The district's politics are dominated by the wealthy suburbs of Nashville (e.g., Brentwood, Franklin) and Fayette County, a wealthy exurb of Memphis. These areas boast some of the highest median incomes in the state, and have swelled with former Nashville and Memphis residents since the late 1960s. They give the 7th a character similar to other highly affluent suburban districts in the South (e.g., those around Birmingham, Dallas-Fort Worth, San Antonio, Houston and Atlanta). Many of the state's most politically active churches are located in the suburban areas of the district, giving the 7th a strong social conservative bent typical of most affluent Southern suburban districts. Republicans dominate every level of government in the suburban areas, which tend to elect some of Tennessee's most conservative state legislators. Until the 2010 census, the district also included heavily Republican eastern Shelby County. The only area where Democrats compete on anything resembling an even basis is the largest city wholly in the district, Clarksville, which usually elects Democrats to the state legislature.
The rural areas of the district are demographically similar to the rural portions of the 8th, and mostly sent Democrats to the General Assembly as late as 2010. However, most of the Democrats in the 7th's rural areas are as conservative on social issues as their suburban counterparts. They have long been more willing to support Republicans at the national level than their counterparts in the 8th. Many of the rural counties now in the district, for instance, voted overwhelmingly for George Wallace's (then governor of nearby Alabama) 1968 presidential candidacy, making Tennessee the strongest-performing state for him that he did not win.
The district has a very strong military presence, as it includes Tennessee's share of Fort Campbell.
List of representatives
|District created March 4, 1823|
|Sam Houston||March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825||Jacksonian D-R||Lebanon|
|March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1827||Jacksonian||Elected Governor of Tennessee|
|John Bell||March 4, 1827 – March 3, 1835||Jacksonian||Nashville||Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1834–1835, Appointed as U.S. Secretary of War|
|March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837||Anti-Jacksonian|
|March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1841||Whig|
|Robert L. Caruthers||March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843||Whig||Lebanon||Did not seek re-election|
|David W. Dickinson||March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845||Whig||Murfreesboro||Did not seek re-election|
|Meredith P. Gentry||March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1853||Whig||Franklin||Did not seek re-election|
|Robert M. Bugg||March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855||Whig||Giles County||Did not seek re-election|
|John V. Wright||March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1861||Democratic||Purdy||Secession of Tennessee|
|American Civil War|
|Isaac R. Hawkins||July 24, 1866 – March 3, 1867||Unionist||Huntingdon||Did not seek re-election|
|March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1871||Republican|
|Robert P. Caldwell||March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873||Democratic||Trenton||Defeated for renomination|
|John Atkins||March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875||Democratic||Paris||Redistricted to 8th district|
|Washington C. Whitthorne||March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1883||Democratic||Columbia||Redistricted from 6th district, Did not seek re-election|
|John G. Ballentine||March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887||Democratic||Pulaski||Did not seek re-election|
|Washington C. Whitthorne||March 4, 1887– March 3, 1891||Democratic||Columbia||Did not seek re-election|
|Nicholas N. Cox||March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1901||Democratic||Franklin||Did not seek re-election|
|Lemuel P. Padgett||March 4, 1901 – August 2, 1922||Democratic||Columbia||Died|
|Vacant||August 2, 1922 – November 6, 1922|
|Clarence W. Turner||November 7, 1922 – March 3, 1923||Democratic||Waverly||Served remainder of term as caretaker|
|William C. Salmon||March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1925||Democratic||Columbia||Did not seek re-election|
|Edward E. Eslick||March 4, 1925 – June 14, 1932||Democratic||Pulaski||Died|
|Vacant||June 14, 1932 – August 12, 1932|
|Willa Eslick||August 13, 1932 – March 3, 1933||Democratic||Pulaski||Served remainder of term as caretaker|
|Gordon Browning||March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935||Democratic||Huntingdon||Redistricted from 8th district, Ran for U.S. Senate|
|Herron C. Pearson||January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1943||Democratic||Jackson||Did not seek re-election|
|W. Wirt Courtney||January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1949||Democratic||Franklin||Redistricted from 6th district, Defeated for renomination|
|James P. Sutton||January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1953||Democratic||Wartrace||Redistricted to 6th district|
|Tom J. Murray||January 3, 1953 – December 30, 1966||Democratic||Jackson||Redistricted from 8th district, Defeated for renomination and resigned|
|Vacant||December 31, 1966 – January 2, 1967|
|Ray Blanton||January 3, 1967– January 3, 1973||Democratic||Adamsville||Ran for U.S. Senate|
|Ed Jones||January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1983||Democratic||Yorkville||Redistricted from 8th district, Redistricted to 8th district|
|Don Sundquist||January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1995||Republican||Memphis||Redistricted from the 6th District, elected Governor|
|Ed Bryant||January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2003||Republican||Henderson||Ran for U.S. Senate|
|Marsha Blackburn||January 3, 2003 – present||Republican||Brentwood||Incumbent|
Historical district boundaries
- "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- 106th Congress Congressional Districts in Tennessee Electronic Atlas
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present