Tennessee State Route 116
|Southwest end:||SR 62 near Wartburg, Tennessee|
|Northeast end:||US 25W / SR 9 / TN 63 at Caryville, Tennessee|
|Counties:||Morgan, Anderson, Campbell|
State Route 116 in Tennessee runs from its junction with State Route 62 at its southwestern end between Wartburg and Coalfield in Morgan County, to its northeastern end at Caryville, Tennessee in Campbell County.
Continuing northeast into Anderson County, the highway then passes through remote mountainous country known for its many former coal mining villages, some of which were company towns and are now essentially ghost towns. Among them are the towns (or former towns) of Fork Mountain, Buffalo, Devonia (a/k/a Moore's Camp), Braytown, Rosedale, and Charley's Branch. The Devonia post office which served this entire region was closed in 1975. Once the mines in these towns closed down with the resulting loss of population, the towns' schools were closed and remaining students were consolidated into the Rosedale school, which saw steadily falling enrollment and was closed in the 1990s. This section of Route 116 parallels the New River and the former line of the Tennessee Railroad. There are many abandoned underground coal mines, coal tipples, and railroad yards and sidings along this section of Route 116. Despite the end of most underground mining and the demise of the towns along this portion of the highway, a great deal of strip mining continues however.
Route 116 briefly passes into Campbell County and then turns southeast back into Anderson County. From there it passes through the village of Stainville and continues southeast through some remote, sparsely populated mountains to Laurel Grove. There it turns northeast again at the junction with Frost Bottom Road, since 1982 designated as State Route 330. This section of the highway parallels Walden Ridge to the immediate southeast, and a former spur of the Norfolk Southern Railway (now closed), and passes through Briceville, Fraterville which was the site of a 1902 mine explosion, "The Wye" near the former mining camp of Beech Grove, and finally through a gap in Walden Ridge to enter Rocky Top.
Originally the northeastern terminus of Route 116 was in Rocky Top at the junction with U.S. 25W. About 1982, Route 116 was extended northward to Caryville to incorporate the portion of the former U.S. 25W between Rocky Top and Caryville superseded by Interstate 75. This addition to Route 116 parallels the busy railroad lines of both the CSX and Norfolk Southern, and Interstate 75 immediately to the west.
Petros, Briceville, Rocky Top, and Caryville are the only towns of any sizeable population today along Route 116.
The highway has had a high rate of accidents, including fatal accidents, attributed to conditions including narrow shoulders, numerous curves, unstable slopes, rockfall hazards, and absence of guardrails. In 2013, the Tennessee Department of Transportation announced plans for $1.2 million in roadway improvements, including widening of shoulders and addition of guardrails, pavement markings and signs.
- Drash, Wayne. "Tennessee town's rocky road to becoming Rocky Top". www.cnn.com. Cable News Network. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
- "TDOT to spend $1.2 million to make Highway 116 safer". Oak Ridge Today. February 27, 2013.
- The Complete Devil's Triangle aka Brushy Mountain Prison Run - Motorcyclists' travelogue of Route 116
- Devil's Triangle - Motorcyclists' travelogue of Route 116