Tennis at the Summer Olympics

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Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis pictogram.svg
Governing body ITF
Events 5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Note: demonstration sport years indicated in italics
Medalists
Tennis

Tennis (lawn tennis) was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over allowing amateur players to compete.[1][2] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984,[3] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.[4]

2012 Women's Singles medalists, Serena Williams (center), Maria Sharapova (right) and Victoria Azarenka (left).

In 1896, 1900, 1904, 1988, and 1992, semifinal losers shared bronze medals. In all other years, a playoff match for the bronze medal was staged.

Starting from the 2004 Athens Olympics, results from the Olympics count towards both the ATP and WTA world rankings in singles for that calendar year. While the ranking points distribution do not equate to those of the points handed out at the Grand Slam tournaments, many players, critics and sports pundits consider winning the gold at the Olympics, just as prestigious as, or more prestigious than, winning a Grand Slam title.[5] A player who wins an Olympic gold medal and all four Grand Slam events is said to have won a Golden Slam.

Surface[edit]

The playing surface of the court varies between Olympic Games. It has been on hard court for every game since 1984 except for the 1992 Olympics (which was on a clay court) and the 2012 Olympics (which was played on a grass court). The changing playing surface gives certain players different advantages and disadvantages not seen in most other Olympic sports.

Events[edit]

(d) = demonstration event

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Men's singles (d) (d) 14
Men's singles (indoor) 2
Men's doubles (d) 14
Men's doubles (indoor) 2
Women's singles (d) (d) 12
Women's singles (indoor) 2
Women's doubles (d) 9
Mixed doubles (d) 5
Mixed doubles (indoor) 1
Total Events 2 4 2 6 8 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 61

Participating nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
Algeria 1 1 2
Argentina 5 1 5 6 8 8 9 6 7 9
Armenia 1 1 1 3
Australasia 1 1
Australia 1 1 2 3 6 7 7 10 7 8 6 9
Austria 3 3 2 3 5 1 3 1 3 3 10
Bahamas 2 2 2 2 2 5
Belarus 2 4 2 5 3 5
Belgium 16 8 1 3 3 3 2 5 6
Benin 1 1
Bermuda 1 1
Bohemia 1 4 8 3
Bolivia 1 1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 1
Brazil 1 1 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 9
Bulgaria 2 3 2 1 1 2 6
Canada 3 2 7 5 6 4 2 3 5 9
Chile 2 1 2 2 2 2 6
China 1 2 5 4 3 4 8 4 8
Chinese Taipei 1 3 2 1 3 3 6
Colombia 2 2 4 3
Costa Rica 1 1
Ivory Coast 1 2 1
Croatia 2 4 5 5 1 2 6
Cyprus 1 1 2
Czech Republic 4 7 8 11 8 5
Czechoslovakia 7 5 5 5 4
Denmark 10 3 5 2 1 3 2 2 1 1 1 11
Dominican Republic 1 1
Ecuador 4 3 1 3
El Salvador 1 1
Estonia 2 2 2
Finland 4 1 1 1 1 5
France 1 14 1 6 10 10 2 4 5 7 4 7 9 8 7 15
Georgia 2 1
Germany 1 1 5 7 6 3 5 4 2 7 10
Great Britain 2 6 22 11 8 10 3 5 6 5 6 1 2 8 14
Greece 7 1 3 2 3 4 2 1 4 2 10
Haiti 1 1 1 1 4
Hong Kong 1 1
Hungary 1 3 6 5 2 1 5 5 4 2 2 11
India 6 1 3 2 2 4 2 4 7 9
Indonesia 1 3 5 2 2 2 6
Ireland 4 2 2 2 4
Israel 1 4 1 3 4 3 6
Italy 4 8 3 4 5 8 8 6 6 8 7 11
Japan 2 4 2 2 4 5 7 5 4 3 3 9
Kazakhstan 3 1
Latvia 2 1 2
Liechtenstein 1 1
Luxembourg 1 1 1 2 1 5
Madagascar 2 2 1 3
Mexico 2 6 1 5 4 3 2 7
Morocco 1 2 1 1 2 5
Netherlands 2 1 5 1 1 5 5 3 2 9
New Zealand 3 1 1 1 4
Nigeria 1 3 1 3
Norway 7 3 4 2 1 1 6
Paraguay 2 2 1 1 3
Peru 3 2 1 3
Philippines 1 1
Poland 1 3 2 2 6 7 6
Portugal 1 2 2 2 4
Puerto Rico 3 1 2 1 4
Romania 3 5 4 3 2 2 5 7
Russia 2 4 5 9 9 10 6
Serbia and Montenegro 1 1
Serbia 4 6 2
Slovakia 5 5 7 4 4 5
Slovenia 4 3 4 4 4
South Africa 3 3 5 4 6 6 5 2 8
Soviet Union 4 7 2
South Korea 1 5 4 5 4 2 1 7
Spain 4 8 3 2 4 6 7 7 11 9 12 11
Sweden 4 16 8 4 1 2 3 6 4 5 4 5 3 13
Switzerland 3 4 2 2 4 3 3 4 5 2 10
Thailand 2 2 3 2 1 3
Togo 1 1
Tunisia 1 1 2 3
Ukraine 2 2 4 2 4
Unified Team 5 1
United States 5 35 1 9 6 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 12 13
Uruguay 1 1
Uzbekistan 2 1 1 1 4
Venezuela 3 4 1 1 4
West Germany 4 3 5 3
Yugoslavia 1 2 3 3
Zimbabwe 1 3 2 2 3 3 1 7
Nations 6 4 2 10 14 14 27 15 34 38 48 55 52 52 48 44
Players 13 26 36 50 82 75 124 45 64 129 177 176 182 170 169 184
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 68 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12

Medal tables[edit]

All years (1896–1924, 1988–2012)[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 20 5 11 36
2  Great Britain (GBR) 17 15 12 44
3  France (FRA) 5 6 8 19
4  South Africa (RSA) 3 2 1 6
5  Germany (GER) 2 5 2 9
6  Russia (RUS) 2 3 2 7
7  Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
8  Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
9  Spain (ESP) 1 7 3 11
10  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
11  Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
12  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 2 4
13  Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
 Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
 China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
 West Germany (FRG) 1 0 1 2
17  Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
18  Sweden (SWE) 0 3 5 8
19  Czech Republic (CZE) 0 3 1 2
20  Japan (JPN) 0 2 0 2
21  Argentina (ARG) 0 1 4 5
22  Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
 Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
24  Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
 Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
26  Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
27  Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
28  Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
 Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
 Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
 India (IND) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
 Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1

1988–2012[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 13 2 6 21
2  Germany (GER) 2 3 2 7
 Russia (RUS) 2 3 2 7
4  Switzerland (SUI) 2 2 0 4
5  Chile (CHI) 2 1 1 4
6  Spain (ESP) 1 7 3 11
7  Great Britain (GBR) 1 2 0 3
8  Australia (AUS) 1 1 3 5
9  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 1 1 3
10  Belarus (BLR) 1 0 1 2
 Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 2
 China (CHN) 1 0 1 2
12  Canada (CAN) 1 0 0 1
13  Argentina (ARG) 0 1 3 4
 Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
15  Czech Republic (CZE) 0 1 1 2
 France (FRA) 0 2 2 4
17  Netherlands (NED) 0 1 0 1
 South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
19  Croatia (CRO) 0 0 3 3
20  Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 2 2
21  Bulgaria (BUL) 0 0 1 1
 India (IND) 0 0 1 1
 Serbia (SRB) 0 0 1 1

1896–1924[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 15 12 12 39
2  United States (USA) 7 3 5 15
3  France (FRA) 5 4 6 15
4  South Africa (RSA) 3 1 1 5
5  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 3 3 7
6  Germany (GER) 1 2 1 4
7  Sweden (SWE) 0 2 3 5
8  Japan (JPN) 0 2 0 2
9  Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
10  Austria (AUT) 0 1 0 1
 Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
12  Australasia (ANZ) 0 0 1 1
 Bohemia (BOH) 0 0 1 1
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 0 1 1
 Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1

Multiple medal winners (1896–2012)[edit]

Rank Name Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States Serena Williams 4 0 0 4
United States Venus Williams 4 0 0 4
3 United Kingdom Reginald Doherty 3 0 1 4
4 United States Vincent Richards 2 1 0 3
5 United Kingdom Lawrence Doherty 2 0 1 3
United States Mary Joe Fernandez 2 0 1 3
France Suzanne Lenglen 2 0 1 3
South Africa Charles Winslow 2 0 1 3
9 United Kingdom John Pius Boland 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper 2 0 0 2
United States Gigi Fernández 2 0 0 2
France André Gobert 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Arthur Gore 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Edith Hannam 2 0 0 2
Chile Nicolás Massú 2 0 0 2
United States Hazel Wightman 2 0 0 2
United States Helen Wills Moody 2 0 0 2
United States Beals Wright 2 0 0 2
19 United Kingdom Kathleen McKane Godfree 1 2 2 5
20 United Kingdom Charles Dixon 1 1 2 4
21 France Max Décugis 1 1 1 3
Chile Fernando González 1 1 1 3
Germany Steffi Graf 1 1 1 3
United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie 1 1 1 3
25 United Kingdom Herbert Barrett 1 1 0 2
Russia Elena Dementieva 1 1 0 2
Switzerland Roger Federer 1 1 0 2
South Africa Harold Kitson 1 1 0 2
Germany Dorothea Köring 1 1 0 2
United Kingdom Andy Murray 1 1 0 2
Australia Todd Woodbridge 1 1 0 2
Australia Mark Woodforde 1 1 0 2
United Kingdom Max Woosnam 1 1 0 2
34 United States Mike Bryan 1 0 2 3
35 Belarus Victoria Azarenka 1 0 1 2
France Marguerite Broquedis 1 0 1 2
United States Bob Bryan 1 0 1 2
United States Zina Garrison 1 0 1 2
United States Edgar Leonard 1 0 1 2
Czechoslovakia Miloslav Mečíř 1 0 1 2
41 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 0 2 2 4
Sweden Gunnar Setterwall 0 2 2 4
43 United Kingdom Harold Mahony 0 2 1 3
Spain Conchita Martínez 0 2 1 3
Czech Republic Jana Novotná 0 2 1 3
46 United Kingdom George Caridia 0 2 0 2
France Henri Cochet 0 2 0 2
United Kingdom Dorothy Holman 0 2 0 2
Greece Dionysios Kasdaglis 0 2 0 2
Japan Ichiya Kumagae 0 2 0 2
United States Robert LeRoy 0 2 0 2
France Hélène Prévost 0 2 0 2
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual 0 2 0 2
Czech Republic Helena Suková 0 2 0 2
55 United States Alphonzo Bell 0 1 1 2
Sweden Sigrid Fick 0 1 1 2
57 France Albert Canet 0 0 2 2
Sweden Stefan Edberg 0 0 2 2
Croatia Goran Ivanišević 0 0 2 2
United States Marion Jones 0 0 2 2
United Kingdom Arthur Norris 0 0 2 2
Bohemia Hedwiga Rosenbaumová 0 0 2 2

Points distribution[edit]

The Association of Tennis Professionals and the Women's Tennis Association tours award ranking points, for singles players only, who compete at the Summer Olympics.[6] Those points will only apply during that corresponding calendar year.

Stage Gold Medal Silver Medal Bronze Medal Fourth Place Quarterfinals Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64
Men's singles 750 450 340 270 135 70 35 5
Women's singles 685 470 340 260 175 95 55 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Soltis, Greg (July 27, 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  2. ^ Williams, Wythe (July 27, 1928). "SOCCER AND TENNIS BARRED IN OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  3. ^ "Olympic Tennis Event - History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  4. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  5. ^ Paul Fein (September 20, 2012). "How Important Is an Olympic Gold Medal in Tennis?". World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ranking Points". itftennis.com. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 

External links[edit]