Tenno Sho

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The Tennō Shō (天皇賞, "Emperor's Prize") is a horse race held twice a year in Japan, once in the spring and once in the autumn. "Tenno" means "Emperor of Japan". The races are both International Grade I races. Prior to the 2007 races, both Tenno Sho races were Japanese domestic Grade I races.[1]

Spring[edit]

Tenno Sho (Spring)
Grade 1 race
Beat-black20120429(1).jpg
The 145th Tenno Sho (2012)
Location Kyoto Racecourse, Kyoto
Inaugurated 1938
Race type Thoroughbred
Website japanracing.jp/
Race information
Distance 3200 meters
(About 16 furlongs / 2 miles)
Surface Turf
Track Right-handed
Qualification 4-y-o & Up, Thoroughbreds
Weight 4-y-o & up 58 kg
Allowances
2 kg for fillies and mares
Purse ¥251,200,000 (as of 2011)

The Spring Tenno Sho is held at Kyoto Racecourse, in late April or early May. It is run over a distance of 3,200 metres (10,500 ft), making it the longest Grade I race in Japan.

Deep Impact won the 2006 version of the race setting the world record for a 3200 metre race with a time of 3:13.4. beating the Melbourne Cup record of 3:16.3.[2][3]

Winners since 1990[edit]

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Time
1990 Super Creek 5 Yutaka Take Syuuzi Itou Makoto Kaneko 3:21.9
1991 Mejiro McQueen 4 Yutaka Take Yasuo Ikee Mejiro Stud 3:18.8
1992 Mejiro McQueen 5 Yutaka Take Yasuo Ikee Mejiro Stud 3:20.0
1993 Rice Shower 4 Hitoshi Matoba Yoshitsugu Iizuka Hide Kurabayashi 3:17.1
1994 Biwa Hayahide 4 Yukio Okabe Mitsumasa Hamada Biwa Co Ltd 3:22.6
1995 Rice Shower 6 Hitoshi Matoba Yoshitsugu Iizuka Hide Kurabayashi 3:19.9
1996 Sakura Laurel 5 Norihiro Yokoyama Katsutarou Sakai Sakura Commerce 3:17.8
1997 Mayano Top Gun 5 Shigeru Tahara Masahiro Sakaguchi Yuu Tadokoro 3:14.4
1998 Mejiro Bright 4 Hiroshi Kawachi Hidekazu Asami Mejiro Stud 3:15.3
1999 Special Week 4 Yutaka Take Toshiaki Shirai Hiroyoshi Usuda 3:17.1
2000 T M Opera O 4 Ryuji Wada Ichizo Iwamoto Masatsugu Takezono 3:17.6
2001 T M Opera O 5 Ryuji Wada Ichizo Iwamoto Masatsugu Takezono 3:16.2
2002 Manhattan Cafe 4 Masayoshi Ebina Futoshi Kojima Ken Nishikawa 3:19.5
2003 Hishi Miracle 4 Koichi Tsunoda Masaru Sayama Masaichiro Abe 3:17.0
2004 Ingrandire 5 Norihiro Yokoyama Yoshinami Shimizu Chizu Yoshida 3:18.4
2005 Suzuka Mambo 4 Katsumi Ando Mitsuru Hashida Keiji Nagai 3:16.5
2006 Deep Impact 4 Yutaka Take Yasuo Ikee Makoto Kaneko 3:13.4
2007 Meisho Samson 4 Mamoru Ishibashi Shigetada Takahashi Yoshio Matsumoto 3:14.1
2008 Admire Jupiter 5 Yasunari Iwata Yasuo Tomomichi Riichi Kondo 3:15.1
2009 Meiner Kitz 6 Masami Matsuoka Sakae Kunieda Ruffian Thoroughbred Club 3:14.4
2010 Jaguar Mail 6 Craig Williams Noriyuki Hori Ken Yoshida 3:15.7
2011 Hiruno d'Amour 4 Shinji Fujita Mitsugu Kon Hashimoto Bokujo 3:20.6
2012 Beat Black 5 Syu Ishibashi Hitoshi Nakamura Koji Maeda 3:13.8
2013 Fenomeno 4 Masayoshi Ebina Hirofumi Toda Sunday Racing Co. Ltd. 3:14.2
2014 Fenomeno 5 Masayoshi Ebina Hirofumi Toda Sunday Racing Co. Ltd. 3:15.1

Earlier winners[edit]

  • 1938 - Hase Park
  • 1939 - Sugenuma
  • 1940 - Toki no Chikara
  • 1941 - Marutake
  • 1942 - Minami Mor
  • 1943 - Grand Lite
  • 1944 - Hiro Sakura
  • 1945 - No race
  • 1946 - No race
  • 1947 - O Lite
  • 1948 - Cyma[4][5]
  • 1949 - Miharu O
  • 1950 - Owens
  • 1951 - Takakura Yama
  • 1952 - Mitsuhata
  • 1953 - Leda
  • 1954 - Hakuryou
  • 1955 - Taka O
  • 1956 - Meiji Hikari
  • 1957 - Kitano O
  • 1958 - Onward There
  • 1959 - Tosa O
  • 1960 - Kuripero
  • 1961 - Yamanin Mor
  • 1962 - On Throat
  • 1963 - Korehisa
  • 1964 - Hikaru Polar
  • 1965 - Asahoko
  • 1966 - Hakuzuikou
  • 1967 - Speed Symboli
  • 1968 - Hikarutakai
  • 1969 - Takeshiba O
  • 1970 - Riki Eikan
  • 1971 - Mejiro Musashi
  • 1972 - Bell Wide
  • 1973 - Tai Teemu
  • 1974 - Take Hope
  • 1975 - Ichifuji Isami
  • 1976 - Erimo George
  • 1977 - Ten Point
  • 1978 - Green Grass
  • 1979 - Kashuu Chikara
  • 1980 - Nichidou Taro
  • 1981 - Katsura no Haiseiko
  • 1982 - Monte Prince
  • 1983 – Amber Shadai
  • 1984 – Monte Fast
  • 1985 - Symboli Rudolf
  • 1986 - Kushiro King
  • 1987 - Miho Shinzan
  • 1988 - Tamamo Cross
  • 1989 - Inari One

Autumn[edit]

Tenno Sho (Autumn)
Grade 1 race
134th Tennosho 20061029.jpg
Daiwa Major wins the 134th Tennō Shō
Location Tokyo Racecourse, Fuchu, Tokyo
Inaugurated 1937
Race type Thoroughbred
Website japanracing.jp/
Race information
Distance 2000 meters
(About 10 furlongs / 1 14 miles)
Surface Turf
Track Left-handed
Qualification 3-y-o & Up, Thoroughbreds
Weight 3-y-o 56 kg \ 4-y-o & up 58 kg
Allowances
2 kg for fillies and mares
Purse ¥251,200,000 (as of 2011)

The Autumn Tenno Sho is held at Tokyo Racecourse, in late October. It is run over a distance of 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). It is considered the first leg of the Japanese Autumn Triple Crown (the other two are the Japan Cup and the Arima Kinen).

Originally, the Autumn Tenno Sho was run over a distance of 3,200 metres (10,500 ft), but was shortened to its current distance to promote middle-distance horses and to promote 3-year-old horses as a shorter-distance alternative to the Kikuka Sho, the Japanese St. Leger, which is 3,000 metres (9,800 ft).

Winners since 1990[edit]

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Time
1990 Yaeno Muteki 5 Yukio Okabe Mitsuo Ogino Fuji Co 1:58.2
1991 Prekrasnie* 4 Teruo Eda Terumaso Yano Tazima Nirou Sakai 2:03.9
1992 Let's Go Tarquin 5 Akikasu Osaki K Hashiguchi Diners Club Japan 1:58.6
1993 Yamanin Zephyr 4 Masao Shibata Hiromu Kurita Tadashi Doi 1:58.9
1994 Nehai Caesar 4 Shiomura Katsumi Akira Huse Daimaru Enterprise 1:58.6
1995 Sakure Chitose O 5 Hutoshi Kozima Katsutarao Sakai Sakura Commerce 1:58.8
1996 Bubble Gum Fellow 3 Masayoshi Ebina Kazuo Fujisawa Shadai Racehorse 1:58.7
1997 Air Groove 4 Yutaka Take Yasunori Ito Lucky Field Co Ltd 1:59.0
1998 Offside Trap 7 Yoshitomi Shibata Shuho Kato Takao Watanabe 1:59.3
1999 Special Week 4 Yutaka Take Toshiaki Shirai Hiroyoshi Usuda 1:58.0
2000 T M Opera O 4 Ryuji Wada Ichizo Iwamoto Masatsugu Takezono 1:59.9
2001 Agnes Digital 4 Hirofumi Shii Toshiaki Shirai Takao Watanabe 2:02.0
2002 Symboli Kris S 3 Yukio Okabe Kazuo Fujisawa Symboli Stud 1:58.5
2003 Symboli Kris S 4 Olivier Peslier Kazuo Fujisawa Symboli Stud 1:58.0
2004 Zenno Rob Roy 4 Olivier Peslier Kazuo Fujisawa Shinobu Oohasa 1:58.9
2005 Heavenly Romance 5 Mikio Matsunaga Masashi Yamamoto Nosohiruzu Management 2:00.1
2006 Daiwa Major 5 Katsumi Ando Hiroyuki Uehara Keizou Ooshiro 1:58.8
2007 Meisho Samson 4 Yutaka Take Shigetada Takahashi Yoshio Matsumoto 1:58.4
2008 Vodka 4 Yutaka Take Katsuhiko Sumii Yuzo Tanimizu 1:57.2
2009 Company# 8 Norihiro Yokoyama Hidetaka Otonashi Eiko Kondou 1:57.2
2010 Buena Vista 4 Christophe Soumillon Hiroshi Matsuda Sunday Racing Co Ltd 1:58.2
2011 Tosen Jordan 5 Nicola Pinna Yasutoshi Ikee Takaya Shimakawa 1:56.1
2012 Eishin Flash 5 Mirco Demuro Hideaki Fujiwara Toyomitsu Hirai 1:57.3
2013 Just A Way 4 Yuichi Fukunaga Naosuke Sugai Akatsuki Yamatoya 1:57.5
* Mejiro McQueen finished first in 1991 but was demoted to last place following a Stewards' Inquiry.
# Also Japanese record of flat racing for oldest horse winning first G1 race.

Earlier winners[edit]

  • 1937 – Happy Might
  • 1938 - Hisatomo
  • 1939 - Tetsumon
  • 1940 – Rocky Mor
  • 1941 - Estates
  • 1942 - Ni Patois
  • 1943 - Kuri Hikari
  • 1944 - No race
  • 1945 - No race
  • 1946 - No race
  • 1947 - Toyo Ume
  • 1948 - Katsu Fuji
  • 1949 - Newford
  • 1950 - Yashima Daughter
  • 1951 - Hatakaze
  • 1952 - Track O
  • 1953 - Queen Narubi
  • 1954 - Opal Orchit
  • 1955 - Dainana Hoshu
  • 1956 - Midfarm
  • 1957 - Hakuchikara
  • 1958 - Cellulose
  • 1959 - Garnet
  • 1960 - Ote Mon
  • 1961 - Takamagahara
  • 1962 - Kurihide
  • 1963 - Ryu Forel
  • 1964 - Yamato Kyodai
  • 1965 - Shinzan
  • 1966 - Korehide
  • 1967 - Kabuto Ciro
  • 1968 - Knit Eight
  • 1969 - Mejiro Taiyo
  • 1970 - Mejiro Asama
  • 1971 - Tomei
  • 1972 - Yamanin Wave
  • 1973 - Tani no Chikara
  • 1974 - Kami no Tesio
  • 1975 - Fujino Parthia
  • 1976 - Eyeful
  • 1977 - Hokuto Boy
  • 1978 - Tenmei
  • 1979 - Three Giants
  • 1980 - Pretty Cast
  • 1981 - Hoyo Boy
  • 1982 - Mejiro Titan
  • 1983 - Kyoei Promise
  • 1984 - Mr. C.B.
  • 1985 - Gallop Dyna
  • 1986 - Sakura Yutaka O
  • 1987 - Nippo Teio
  • 1988 - Tamamo Cross
  • 1989 - Super Creek

Multiple Winners[edit]

Prior to 1980, a horse winning any Tennō Shō races was not allowed to participate in Tennō Shō in the future again, which this bar was lifted in 1981.

Only 5 horses to date could win back to back, either by winning both Spring and Autumn race in same year or winning the Autumn race, and following year's Spring race.

  • Tamamo Cross (1988 Spring, Autumn)
  • Super Creek (1989 Autumn, 1990 Spring)
  • Special Week (1999 Spring, Autumn)
  • T M Opera O (2000 Spring and Autumn, 2001 Spring)
  • Meisho Samson (2007 Spring and Autumn)

The 4 horse below were non-back to back multiple winners.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011.10.25 Tenno Sho (Autumn) (G1) - Preview - News - Horse Racing in Japan". Japanracing.jp. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  2. ^ "Results from the 7.40 race at KYOTO (JPN) - 30 April 2006". Racing Post. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  3. ^ "Drought ends with a week's free vision - Horseracing - Sport". smh.com.au. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  4. ^ Family Tables of Racinghorses Vol.IV,Edited by Thoroughbred Pedigree Center / In collaboration with France Galop,Published by Japan Racing Association and The Japan Bloodhorse Breeders' Association,2003
  5. ^ According toRomanization of Japanese,Shîmâ(pronounced as 'seemer').