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Tenpyō-hōji (天平宝字?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Tenpyō-shōhō and before Tenpyō-jingo. This period spanned the years from August 757 through January 765.[1] The reigning empress was Kōken-tennō (孝謙天皇?).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • 757 Tenpyō-hōji gannen (天平宝字元年?)): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Tenpyō-shōhō 9, on the 2nd day of the 8th month.[3]

Events of the Tenpyō-hōji era[edit]

  • 757 (Tenpyō-hōji 1'): The new era begins on the 2nd day of the 8th month of Tenpyō-shōhō 9.[4]
  • 760 (Tenpyō-hōji 4): Additional coins were put into circulation – each copper coin bearing the words Mannen Ten-hō, each silver coin bearing the words Teihei Genhō, and each gold coin bearing the words Kaiki Shōhō.[5]
  • January 26, 765 (Tenpyō-hōji 9, 1st day of the 1st month): In the 6th year of Junnin-tennō 's reign (淳仁天皇6年), the emperor was deposed by his adoptive mother; and the succession (senso) was received by former-Empress Kōken. Shortly thereafter, Empress Shōtoku is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[6]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenpyō-hōji" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 957, p. 957, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 73-78; ; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 275; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 143-144.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 274.
  4. ^ Brown, p. 274; Shoku Nihongi records the date as the 18th day of the 8th month of Tenpyō-shōhō 9.
  5. ^ Appert, Georges et al. (1888). Ancien japon, pp. 29-30.
  6. ^ Brown, pp. 276; Varley, p. 44, 145.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by