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|History of Japan|
Tenpyō-hōji (天平宝字?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Tenpyō-shōhō and before Tenpyō-jingo. This period spanned the years from August 757 through January 765. The reigning empress was Kōken-tennō (孝謙天皇?).
Change of era
- 757 Tenpyō-hōji gannen (天平宝字元年?)): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Tenpyō-shōhō 9, on the 2nd day of the 8th month.
Events of the Tenpyō-hōji era
- 757 (Tenpyō-hōji 1'): The new era begins on the 2nd day of the 8th month of Tenpyō-shōhō 9.
- 760 (Tenpyō-hōji 4): Additional coins were put into circulation – each copper coin bearing the words Mannen Ten-hō, each silver coin bearing the words Teihei Genhō, and each gold coin bearing the words Kaiki Shōhō.
- January 26, 765 (Tenpyō-hōji 9, 1st day of the 1st month): In the 6th year of Junnin-tennō 's reign (淳仁天皇6年), the emperor was deposed by his adoptive mother; and the succession (senso) was received by former-Empress Kōken. Shortly thereafter, Empress Shōtoku is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenpyō-hōji" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 957, p. 957, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 73-78; ; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 275; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 143-144.
- Brown, p. 274.
- Brown, p. 274; Shoku Nihongi records the date as the 18th day of the 8th month of Tenpyō-shōhō 9.
- Appert, Georges et al. (1888). Ancien japon, pp. 29-30.
- Brown, pp. 276; Varley, p. 44, 145.
- Appert, Georges and Hiroshi Kinoshita. (1888). Ancien japon. Tokyo: Kokubunsha. OCLC 458497085
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-03460-0; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. 10-ISBN 0231049404/13-ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō