Tensta

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Tensta
Building in the Tensta Centrum
Building in the Tensta Centrum
Tensta is located in Sweden
Tensta
Tensta
Coordinates: 59°23′40″N 17°54′05″E / 59.39444°N 17.90139°E / 59.39444; 17.90139Coordinates: 59°23′40″N 17°54′05″E / 59.39444°N 17.90139°E / 59.39444; 17.90139
Country Sweden
Province Stockholm
County Stockholm County
Municipality Stockholm Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 2.34 km2 (0.90 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2007)[1]
 • Total 17,083
 • Density 7,300.43/km2 (18,908.0/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Tensta Centrum, shopping center.
Tensta and its water tower. View from Järvafältet recreational area.
Central Tensta near the Tunnelbana.
Tensta Konsthall, a centre for contemporary art.

Tensta is a district in Spånga-Tensta borough, Stockholm, Sweden.[2] There are about 6,000 apartments in Tensta[3] and a population of 17,083 as of December 31, 2007.[4]

Modern Tensta, with its Plattenbau-style concrete apartment buildings, was constructed in the 1960s. Like nearby Rinkeby and Hjulsta, it was part of the Million Programme, and became known nationwide in the late 1960s. This was partially because lots of people moved in when the area was still a construction site, and it took years before the metro station opened (in 1975).

In the center of Tensta there is a small fruit market. The art gallery Tensta Konsthall is also situated close to the centre[5] and has gained a name in Sweden and abroad.

Tensta has a large concentration of immigrants, high rates of unemployed and people on social welfare.[3] The open unemployment rate is 43.5% (2009) and the rate of people on social welfare is 40.2% (1999). In 1999 the employment rate was 44%.[3] Immigrants make up 66% of the population and 95%-100% of the children in local schools are of foreign origin.[3]

The government has decided to award to 200 million kronor ($30 million) in performance based subsidies to boost fifteen of Sweden’s suburbs grappling with social exclusion. Tensta is one of the suburbs that have chosen to receive this cash injection. The districts will receive the cash injection at the end of 2013 at the earliest, after the results from the past year have been evaluated. The subsidy - which is performance based - will be awarded for three criteria: how the areas deal with education, employment, and social benefits.[6]

History[edit]

When the farm of Stora Tensta was demolished in the 1960s, it had probably stood on the same site for more than a thousand years.

Tensta is situated on the Järva field, which was used as a military training ground from 1907. The area was closed to the public. Several farms continued growing crops and raising livestock throughout the time the army exercised here, but the farmers were not allowed to cultivate virgin soil or erect new building.

In 1962 the gonvernment decided that alomost the whole training ground should be made available for cicli buildings. The aim was to build enough hemos to eliminate the housing shortage. People living in cramped city flats without modern conveniences, and all the people moving to Stockholm, would acquire spacious and comfortable homes. The construction of Tensta went very fast. The general plan was approved in 1965. People began to move in two years later, and Tensta Centre was opened in 1970. The first inhabitants, mostly families with young children, lived for many years as pioneers on a building site with provisional bus lines, temporary food stores in huts, unfinished paths, and inadequate social service. The Metro (also known as Tunnelbana) came to Tensta in 1975. The lime-lined avenue of Tenstagången leads straight through the district.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Administrative divisions of the City districts". Stockholms stads utrednings- och statistikkontor AB. 2008-04-14. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  3. ^ a b c d Swedish welfare policy with Tensta as a case study
  4. ^ "Områdesfakta Tensta". Stockholms stads utrednings- och statistikkontor AB. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  5. ^ Tensta Konsthall
  6. ^ http://www.thelocal.se/42976/20120903/