Tenterden

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For the town in Western Australia, see Tenterden, Western Australia.
Tenterden
Tenterden Railway Station - geograph.org.uk - 1005659.jpg
Tenterden Town Railway Station
St Mildred Church, Tenterden, Kent - geograph.org.uk - 890189.jpg
St Mildred's Church
Tenterden is located in Kent
Tenterden
Tenterden
 Tenterden shown within Kent
Area  36.19 km2 (13.97 sq mi)
Population 7,735 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  214/km2 (550/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ885334
Civil parish Tenterden
District Ashford
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TENTERDEN
Postcode district TN30
Dialling code 01580
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Ashford
Website www.tenterdentown.co.uk www.tenterdentowncouncil.gov.uk
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°04′11″N 0°41′23″E / 51.069620°N 0.689800°E / 51.069620; 0.689800

Window in St Mildred's Church.

Tenterden is a town with a large conservation area in the Ashford District of Kent, England. It stands slightly proud at its centre on the edge of the remnant forest The Weald, overlooking the valley of the River Rother. It was one of the Cinque Ports. Its riverside today is not navigable to large vessels and its status as a wool manufacturing centre has been lost. Tenterden has several voluntary organisations, some of which are listed below, seven large or very old public houses within its area and has long distance walking and cycling routes within its boundaries.

The town's name is derived from the Old English "Tenet Waraden", meaning a den or forest clearing in the forest which belonged to the men of Thanet.

History[edit]

The first record of dwellings in Tenterden can be found in a charter which mentions that it, as 'Heronden', began to grow from the 14th century around the strong local wool industry. Unlike other such centres in the Weald it had the advantage of access to the sea. Much of what is now Romney Marsh was under water, and ships docked at nearby Smallhythe. Timber from the Wealden forests was used to construct ships, and in 1449 Tenterden was incorporated into the Confederation of Cinque Ports as a limb of Rye. Ships built in the town were then used to help Rye fulfil its quota for the Crown.

A school was in existence here in 1521; later (in 1666) it was referred to as a grammar school. Today Homewood School and Sixth Form Centre, a large secondary school catering for the Weald and south of Ashford Borough is in Tenterden.

In 1903, Tenterden Town railway station was opened. It closed in 1954, but half of it reopened in 1974 as the Kent and East Sussex Railway. The route starts at Tenterden Town Station and finishes at Bodiam station, near Bodiam Castle. The main line track is being extended to Robertsbridge (near Hastings) in East Sussex.

Local government[edit]

Tenterden Borough Council was the local authority from the time of its first Mayor, Thomas Pettlesden in 1649, until the Local Government Reorganisation in 1974, at which time the former borough of Tenterden came under the control of Ashford Borough Council. At this time Tenterden Borough Council resolved to continue as a Town Council.

Essential services such as education, transportation, social services and public safety are the responsibility of Kent County Council.

Ashford Borough Council is the district authority, and as such is responsible for waste collection & recycling, street cleaning, licencing, planning, housing, environmental issues, cemeteries, parking, tourism and tax collection. Tenterden has four Borough Councillors.

Tenterden Town Council, based in the 18th century Town Hall (on the High Street), has continued to be very active, providing and maintaining two recreation grounds (including play areas), two public gardens, three blocks of public conveniences, a number of bus shelters, some 82 benches (as of 2013), and the town's war memorial. The Town Council also supports local sports clubs, providing a bowls green and football pitch (along with a sports pavilion with changing facilities) and stages the annual May Fayre. For administrative purposes the town is divided into four wards: North, South, West and St. Michaels (St. Michaels being the area of the town to the north), electing sixteen Town Councillors. As well as supporting local clubs and societies which meet frequently, the Town Council is a supporter of a number of annual events, including Tentertainment, Tenterden Folk Festival and the Christmas lighting display.

Churches and chapels[edit]

There are two parish churches, as well as a number of other chapels and religious meeting spaces:

  • St Mildred's (Anglican) is in the main part of the town. The church dates from the 12th century, and was progressively enlarged until 1461, when the distinctive tower was constructed. It was one of the churches in the 1588 system of warning beacons.
  • St Michael and all Angels (Anglican). The suburb now called St Michael's was known as Boresisle until Victorian times, when a church dedicated to St Michael was built to serve this community. The church was consecrated in 1863, but construction of the steeple took a further 12 years.
  • St. John the Baptist (Anglican).
  • St. Mary's Church (Anglican).
  • St. Andrews Catholic Church.
  • Trinity Baptist Church.
  • Zion Baptist Church.
  • Jireh Chapel: Strict Baptist church.
  • The Methodist Church.
  • The Unitarian Chapel, originally called the Old Meeting House, was built c. 1695. A plaque on the wall records that Dr Benjamin Franklin worshipped here in 1783, where he was to hear Joseph Priestley preach.
  • The Jehovah's Witness Kingdom Hall.

Facilities[edit]

Tenterden is a nodal centre with routes radiating to Rolvenden and Hastings (A28), Wittersham and Rye (B2082), Appledore and New Romney (B2080), Woodchurch and Hamstreet (B2067) and Ashford and Maidstone (A28/A262). Tenterden has no mainline train station, with the nearest being Headcorn (9 miles) and Ashford International (12 miles).

Tenterden's broad, tree-lined High Street offers a selection of shopping facilities, making the town an important destination for a number of smaller towns and villages in the area. It has a busy town centre which is home to many small boutiques and antique shops, as well as craft shops, book shops and various banks, side by side with larger national retailers. There is also a large Tesco which is accessible to pedestrians from the High Street (and by vehicles from Smallhythe Road), and a Waitrose store accessed by pedestrians from Sayers Lane (with vehicular access from Recreation Ground Road).

A number of local tourist attractions draw a great many visitors, especially the Kent & East Sussex Railway line to Bodiam, Chapel Down (a local vineyard which produces some highly acclaimed wines) and Smallhythe Place, which once belonged to the late Ellen Terry, which now holds both a museum and a theatre. Tenterden and District Museum is at the heart of the town, on Station Road.

The town also benefits from a leisure centre at the end of Recreation Ground Road, which was opened by Diana, Princess of Wales in 1990, run by Ashford Borough Council.

Public houses[edit]

Its large and/or old pubs are generally owned by Kentish breweries and are:

  • The Woolpack, next to the Town Hall,
  • The White Lion, the High Street
  • The Vine, the High Street
  • The William Caxton, the High Street,
  • The Crown, Ashford Road in St. Michaels
  • The Fat Ox at the corner of Ashford Road and Ox Lane in St. Michaels.

Local organisations[edit]

Chamber of Commerce[edit]

The Tenterden and District Chamber of Commerce, a community interest company, promotes and supports businesses in Tenterden and the surrounding area. The Chamber is a thriving organisation which holds regular networking meetings for members, runs the Tenterden Town community website, publishes the InCinque Newsletter (featuring general local news and events), organises a town brochure, has input into the many walking guides, organises the Christmas Market and late night shopping event, and the Christmas street lights (in partnership with Tenterden Town Council), places smaller Christmas trees over the doorways of member businesses on the High Street, and supports Tentertainment and the Folk Festival. In 2013 the Chamber of Commerce launched the 'I Love Tenterden' card - a loyalty card scheme whereby member businesses offer incentives for card holders to use their services; its main aim, to keep trade local to Tenterden.

Horticultural society[edit]

Its Horticultural Society organises lectures and shows throughout the year in a number of locations around the town.

Lions Club of Tenterden[edit]

Tenterden Lions Club was formed in 1958; its members serve the community by giving time to local needs and raising money for local, national and international good causes. In spring time each year the club plants crocus bulbs along the greens, and every December the club arranges for Father Christmas to travel around Tenterden and some of the local villages providing enjoyment, as well as collecting money to support various good causes.

Mothers' Union[edit]

The Tenterden branch of the Mothers' Union is very active, organising lectures and visits on a regular basis.

National Trust[edit]

The National Trust holds regular lectures on a diverse range of subjects at the Junior School on Recreation Ground Road.

Rotary Club of Tenterden[edit]

The Rotary Club is very active, bringing together local business people in aid of a number of charitable causes. The club runs a number of events all year round.

Royal British Legion[edit]

The Royal British Legion branch in Tenterden has had great success in the annual poppy appeal, and is responsible for the very moving (and well-attended) service at the War Memorial each year on Remembrance Sunday.

Tenterden and District Residents Association[edit]

The TDRA aims to represent the wishes of its members on a broad range of subjects, allowing the voice of local residents to be heard on a number of platforms that might otherwise be out of reach.

Tenterden Operatic and Dramatic Society[edit]

The local amateur dramatic society is TODS, which was founded (in its current form) in 1958, following the merger of a number of different companies. The society puts on three productions each year, almost always in the Assembly Room at the Town Hall, and is often recognised in the Kent Drama Association Full-Length Play Festival.

Weald of Kent Lodge[edit]

The local chapter of the East Kent Freemasons is the Weald of Kent Lodge, which undertakes a great deal of charitable work.

Women's Institute[edit]

The Women's Institute has three branches based in the town: Tenterden, Tenterden Glebe, and St. Michaels.

Local events[edit]

Christmas market and late-night shopping[edit]

The Christmas Market and late-night shopping event is held every year on the first Friday of December, and features Christmas lights, food and craft stalls, Christmas Carols and entertainment for all ages. Ashford Borough Council supports the event by offering free parking in the town's car parks.

May Fayre[edit]

The May Fayre is arranged by Tenterden Town Council and is held every year on the May Bank Holiday Monday.

Tentertainment[edit]

Tentertainment is a free music festival which is held on the first weekend in July. The first Tentertainment was mounted to coincide with the Tour de France coming through the town in 2007, and has been held every year since.

Tenterden Folk Festival[edit]

Tenterden Folk Festival is a four day event held on the first weekend in October each year, and has been running for 21 years. A wide range of musicians take part in the event in a number of venues throughout the town, and a craft market is set up on the recreation ground and along the High Street. A highlight of the event is the procession, held on the Saturday, featuring Morris Dancers from across the country.

Emergency services[edit]

Police[edit]

Kent Police opened Tenterden Police Station in Oaks Road (on the outskirts of the town centre) in 1956, before replacing it with a smaller Front Counter in a retail unit on the High Street at the beginning of the 21st century. This in turn was closed in 2012, with the town's police force based entirely at Ashford Police Station.

Fire and Rescue[edit]

Kent Fire and Rescue Service has an on call fire engine based in St. Michaels, which is still operational as of 2014.

Medical care[edit]

The National Health Service with Kent County Council operate West View Integrated Care Centre (known locally as West View Hospital), providing adult social care and health care on the same site. The hospital which is near the town centre provides residential care for 30 dementia patients and a rehabilitation service for 30 adult patients who need help before they return home after illness or injury. The hospital also provides inpatient and outpatient physiotherapy. There is no Accident & Emergency department at the hospital but an ambulance with trained paramedics is usually on-call offering a quick response to local emergencies. The nearest local Accident & Emergency department is at the William Harvey Hospital, in Willesborough near Ashford.

The NHS also operates two clinics in the centre of the town. Ivy Court Surgery, a regular General Practitioner's surgery, offering a range of medical services and regular appointments during the week, and an Urgent Care Centre for walk-in patients with minor injuries and illnesses at the weekend (mornings only). East Cross Clinic, next door to Ivy Court, offers counselling, speech therapy and podiatry.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Benn Barham, professional British golfer.
  • William Caxton, thought to be the first English person to work as a printer and the first to introduce a printing press into England, is reputed to have been born in the town.
  • Edith Craig (daughter of Ellen Terry), actress, theatre director, producer, costume designer and early pioneer of women's suffrage, lived at Smallhythe Place.
  • Nicki French, international singer/songwriter.
  • David Frost, media personality and daytime TV game show host, was born in the town.
  • Kevin Godley (of 10cc and Godley & Creme) was the owner of Heronden Hall and Heronden Gatehouse.
  • Gary Hume, artist, Royal Academician and Turner Prize nominee.
  • Roderick Kedward, historian and specialist on Vichy France and the Resistance.
  • Sholto Marcon, Olympic gold medallist in field hockey, was Vicar of Tenterden.
  • John Parker, died 1564, who became a leading statesman and judge in Ireland, began life as a cloth-maker in Tenterden.
  • Peter Richardson, the former Worcestershire, Kent and England cricketer is a current inhabitant.
  • Sir Donald Sinden, the actor, lived in the area until his death in 2014, and the local theatre is named after him.
  • Neil Stuke, TV actor was born in the town and raised in Ashford, he is best known for playing Senior Clerk Billy Lamb in the BBC's legal drama Silk.
  • Dame Ellen Terry, the actress, lived for many years at nearby Smallhythe Place (which is now National Trust).
  • Samuel J. Tilden, who lost the U.S. presidency by one vote in 1876, is descended from the Tilden family of Tenterden.
  • Thomas Hinckley, (C.1618-1706), Governor Plymouth Colonies 1680-1692, Samuel Hinckley (Father) direct ancestor of Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, as well as an ancestor of the former president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Gordon B. Hinckley. Thomas Hinckley's sister, Susannah Hinckley, is an ancestor of President Barack Obama, which means that Thomas Hinckley's father, Samuel Hinckley, is the ancestor of three U.S. presidents.

Sports[edit]

  • Tenterden Town Football Club, established in 1889, is based at the Sports Pavilion on the southern half of the recreation ground, where it has played since formation. After many seasons of varied fortunes, for the 2008/09 season it had two teams: the 1st XI competed in the Kent County League, and the Reserve XI competed in the Ashford & District Football League, both on a Saturday afternoon. Tenterden's recreation ground hosts the annual Weald of Kent Charity Cup Final, which Tenterden Town Football Club itself has contested on a number of occasions, most recently during the 2000/01 season, when it lost 3-1 to Tyler Hill.
  • Tenterden Tigers Junior Football Club, established in 1996.
  • Tenterden Cricket Club, based on Smallhythe Road.
  • The Tour de France raced through the town in July 2007, with a sprint for the Maillot vert (green jersey) taking place in Tenterden.
  • Homewood Badminton Club was formed over 30 years ago for intermediate and advanced players. They play every Tuesday at the Tenterden Leisure Centre and participate in local leagues.
  • Tenterden Golf Club is by the road Chalk Hill.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Tenterden hit the national headlines in August 2013, when it was proclaimed to be the first town in Britain to put up its Christmas lights. The lights had been erected in a tree 115 days before Christmas to publicise the Chamber of Commerce's efforts to raise the funds to replace the previous Christmas lights, which had gone missing in 2012.[2]

Tenterden High Street suffered a serious fire on 5th November 2013, affecting Webb's Cookware Store and neighbouring buildings Café Rouge and Waterstones.

Local media[edit]

Tenterden has one local commercial radio station, KMFM Ashford, which serves the entire borough of Ashford. The town is also served by county wide stations BBC Radio Kent, Heart Kent and Gold. It lies within the BBC South East and ITV Meridian regions.

The local newspaper is the Kentish Express, published by the KM Group. Tenterden is also served by two free newspapers - Ashford Extra from the KM Group, and yourashford published by KOS Media on Wednesdays.

Twinning[edit]

Tenterden is twinned with the following places

References[edit]

External links[edit]