Teodor of Vršac

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Saint
Teodor
Свети Теодор

Bishop
Bishop of Vršac (Eparchy of Banat)
Teodor of Vršac XVI century.jpeg
Teodor being flayed by the Ottomans, Serbian Orthodox icon
Church Serbian Orthodox Church
See Eparchy of Banat
Term ended 1594
Predecessor ?
Successor ?
Orders
Ordination Patriarch Manuel I of Constantinople
Personal details
Birth name Teodor Nestorović
Died 1594
Nationality Serb (Rum Millet)
Denomination Orthodox Christian
Sainthood
Feast day May 29 [O.S. May 16]
Venerated in Serbian Orthodox Church
Canonized by Serbian Orthodox Church
Attributes leader of the Banat Uprising, protector of the poor, writer

Teodor (Serbian Cyrillic: Теодор[a]; fl. 1594) was the Serbian Orthodox Bishop of Vršac (епископ вршачки), who in 1594 was the leader of the Banat Uprising against Ottoman occupation amidst the Long War (1593-1606). After talks with Sigismund Báthory, Teodor organizes the revolt with Sava Ban and voivode Velja Mironić. The revolt saw the liberation of the villages of Banat, with Vršac. The Serb rebels used icon depictions of Saint Sava as war flags, as it would strengthen them in battle. Sinan Pasha of Temeşvar Eyalet captured Teodor, and had him flayed and burned to death, alive. The same year, as a response to the uprising, Saint Sava's remains were burnt at the Vračar hill on the order of Sinan Pasha, who fought the rebels. Teodor was proclaimed a saint (as "Свети свештеномученик Теодор, епископ вршачки", Saint Hieromartyr Theodore, Bishop of Vršac) of the Serbian Orthodox Church, canonized on May 29, 1994, with his feast on May 16 (Julian), or May 29 (Gregorian).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ His surname is written Tivodorović (Тиводоровић),[1] Teodorović (Теодоровић),[2] Tivadarević (Тивидаревић),[3] while according to Nebojša Damnjanović it was either Nestorović (Несторовић) or Tivodorović.[4] He is commonly known as vladika Teodor (владика Теодор) or episkop Teodor (епископ Теодор).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Istorija srpskog naroda: knj. Srbi pod tuđinskom vlašđu, 1537-1699 (2 v.). Srpska književna zadruga. 1993. pp. 245–246. ... у Ердељ и тамо населио у Секешфе- хервару, Сибињу и другим градовима. У Ердељ се повукао и владика Теодор Тиводоровић, један од вођа устанка, који је, изгледа, основао епархију међу Србима настањеним у Тевишу. 
  2. ^ Sava, Bishop of Šumadija 1996, pp. 485–486
  3. ^ Slavenko Terzić (1997). Ibarska vojska u srpsko-turskim ratovima od 1876. do 1878. godine: naučni skup povodom obeležavanja 120-godišnjice Javorskog rata : septembar 1996. Narodni muzej. владика Теодор Тивидаревић (Несторовић) 
  4. ^ Damnjanović (2004), p. 13

Sources[edit]

  • Sava, Bishop of Šumadija (1996). Srpski jerarsi: od devetog do dvadesetog veka. Evro. 
  • Milan Tutorov, "Banatska rapsodija", Novi Sad, 2001.
  • Dušan Belča, "Mala istorija Vršca", Vršac, 1997.
  • Nebojša Damnjanović, "The first Serbian uprising and the restoration of the Serbian state", Historical Museum of Serbia, Gallery of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts, 2004, p. 13, 20
  • Svetosavlje.org, Ohridski prolog za 16. maj (29. maj), (Serbian)
  • Vrsac, Istorija, Official site