Tepache, Sonora

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Tepache (municipality)
Municipality
Country  Mexico
State Sonora
Area
 • Total 752.85 km2 (290.68 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,539
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Website www.tepache.gob.mx

Tepache is a small town and municipality in the east of the Mexican state of Sonora.[1]

Area and population[edit]

The municipal area is 752.85 km².[1] The municipal population counted in 2000 was 1,539, of which 779 were male and 760 were female.[1] The population of the main settlement and municipal seat was 1,448 in 2000. The majority (96 percent) of its population lives in urban areas, with the rest living in rural areas. The population has been decreasing steadily since 1980. The main settlement is located at an elevation of 1,250 meters.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Neighboring municipalities are Divisaderos and Moctezuma to the north, Nácori Chico to the east, Sahuaripa to the west and San Pedro de la Cueva to the southwest.

History[edit]

Tepache, founded in 1678 under the name of Nuestra Señora de San Joaquín y Santa Ana de Depache.[2] The location was an Opata settlement located in a small valley about one league ( 2.594 miles) long. The word Tepache comes from the Opata language and means, according to some, "place of beautiful women".[3] Deposits of Silver were discovered by the Spanish in the vicinity of Tepache, and worked beginning in 1660. Among the mines worked at Tepache Arroyo were Nacatovori, Lampazos, Las Guijas, Santo Domingo, and Coronilla (none of the mines remained active by 1764).[4] Tepache was visited on January 8, 1686, by mining inspector D. Gabriel de Isturiz, at which time it had 142 families, and 388 residents.[4] Tepache was incorporated as a municipality in 1932.

Economic activity[edit]

Agriculture and livestock raising are the main economic activities.

Agriculture[edit]

Water infrastructure in support of agriculture includes 26 dams, and 85 wells. There is an area of 115 hectares of land supported by an irrigation channel, with a length of 10.4 km., with 4.2 km. of the length in lined channel. There are also 882 hectares of temporary cultivation, and 551 hectares of mixed or medium irrigation. Agricultural production is for domestic consumption, and to support livestock. The major crops under cultivation include maize, beans, wheat, potato, sweet potato, chili, and various fruits. Other cultivation is pasture for livestock feed.

Livestock Raising[edit]

Livestock Raising is defined as providing the backbone of the economy for the municipality. There were 13,016 head of cattle in 2000.[5] Production of pigs and goats is minimal.

Tourism[edit]

The municipality is located within the Malpais ("Bad Country") volcanic zone, resulting in beautiful natural scenery, with huge rocks, canyons, and hills of dark stone, covered by abundant vegetation.

The volcano Cerro Blanco, a natural cone 7 kilometers south of Tepache, is stunningly beauty, and is visited by domestic and foreign tourists, as well as by geology students.

La Gruta Profunda is a Cave located in the Malpais, a few kilometers from town, and is surrounded by breathtaking canyons, and has within it the Tapón Sifón, a deep pool of beautiful blue-green water.

El Pantano is another area visited by residents and visitors. It is a swampy area located in the mountains about 8 kilometers from the town.

Government[edit]

Characterization of the municipal government[edit]

The City Council consists of a municipal president, a trustee, three general aldermen, and two aldermen providing proportional representation of the population.

Timeline of Municipal Presidents[edit]

Municipal President Year began Term Year Ended Term
Jesús Sánchez Ortiz 1932 1934
Jesús Ortiz 1934 1937
Manuel Galindo 1937 1940
Raymundo Dávila Dávila 1940 1943
José Pedro Cadena Galindo 1943 1946
Juan Moreno García 1946 1949
Rafael Galindo Acuña 1949 1952
José Cadena Acuña 1952 1955
Eusebio Montaño Dávila 1955 1958
Francisco Sánchez Dávila 1958 1961
José Griego Rodríguez 1961 1964
Manuel Cadena Velarde 1964 1967
Jesús Velarde García 1967 1970
Victoriano Dávila Montaño 1970 1973
Filiberto Moreno Blanco 1973 1976
Eduardo Velarde Márquez 1976 1979
Humberto Quintana Vázquez 1979 1982
Cristóbal Moreno Montaño 1982 1985
Francisco Blanco Vázquez 1985 1988
Luis Ernesto Pérez Moreno 1988 1991
Jacinto Galindo Montaño 1991 1994
Raymundo Dávila Moreno 1994 1997
Juan Montaño Velarde 1997 2000
José Martínez Cadena 2000 2003
Profr. Benjamín Durazo Mayboca 2003 2006
Tomas Garcia Andrade 2006 2009


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "TEPACHE". ESTADO DE SONORA, Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved January 4, 2010. 
  2. ^ Los Municipios de Sonora [Municipalities of Sonora] (in Spanish). México, D.F.: Secretaría de Gobernación, Centro Nacional de Estudios Municipales. 1988. p. 311. 
  3. ^ Hardy, W. H. (1829). Travels in the interior of Mexico in 1825-1828. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley.
  4. ^ a b Nentvig, Juan (S.J.). (1764 [1863]). Rudo Ensayo. Albany, NY: Munsel. 
  5. ^ Gobierno de Sonora

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°31′N 109°31′W / 29.517°N 109.517°W / 29.517; -109.517