|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
|• Total||752.85 km2 (290.68 sq mi)|
|Time zone||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
Area and population
The municipal area is 752.85 km². The municipal population counted in 2000 was 1,539, of which 779 were male and 760 were female. The population of the main settlement and municipal seat was 1,448 in 2000. The majority (96 percent) of its population lives in urban areas, with the rest living in rural areas. The population has been decreasing steadily since 1980. The main settlement is located at an elevation of 1,250 meters.
Tepache, founded in 1678 under the name of Nuestra Señora de San Joaquín y Santa Ana de Depache. The location was an Opata settlement located in a small valley about one league ( 2.594 miles) long. The word Tepache comes from the Opata language and means, according to some, "place of beautiful women". Deposits of Silver were discovered by the Spanish in the vicinity of Tepache, and worked beginning in 1660. Among the mines worked at Tepache Arroyo were Nacatovori, Lampazos, Las Guijas, Santo Domingo, and Coronilla (none of the mines remained active by 1764). Tepache was visited on January 8, 1686, by mining inspector D. Gabriel de Isturiz, at which time it had 142 families, and 388 residents. Tepache was incorporated as a municipality in 1932.
Agriculture and livestock raising are the main economic activities.
Water infrastructure in support of agriculture includes 26 dams, and 85 wells. There is an area of 115 hectares of land supported by an irrigation channel, with a length of 10.4 km., with 4.2 km. of the length in lined channel. There are also 882 hectares of temporary cultivation, and 551 hectares of mixed or medium irrigation. Agricultural production is for domestic consumption, and to support livestock. The major crops under cultivation include maize, beans, wheat, potato, sweet potato, chili, and various fruits. Other cultivation is pasture for livestock feed.
Livestock Raising is defined as providing the backbone of the economy for the municipality. There were 13,016 head of cattle in 2000. Production of pigs and goats is minimal.
The municipality is located within the Malpais ("Bad Country") volcanic zone, resulting in beautiful natural scenery, with huge rocks, canyons, and hills of dark stone, covered by abundant vegetation.
The volcano Cerro Blanco, a natural cone 7 kilometers south of Tepache, is stunningly beauty, and is visited by domestic and foreign tourists, as well as by geology students.
La Gruta Profunda is a Cave located in the Malpais, a few kilometers from town, and is surrounded by breathtaking canyons, and has within it the Tapón Sifón, a deep pool of beautiful blue-green water.
El Pantano is another area visited by residents and visitors. It is a swampy area located in the mountains about 8 kilometers from the town.
Characterization of the municipal government
The City Council consists of a municipal president, a trustee, three general aldermen, and two aldermen providing proportional representation of the population.
Timeline of Municipal Presidents
|Municipal President||Year began Term||Year Ended Term|
|Jesús Sánchez Ortiz||1932||1934|
|Raymundo Dávila Dávila||1940||1943|
|José Pedro Cadena Galindo||1943||1946|
|Juan Moreno García||1946||1949|
|Rafael Galindo Acuña||1949||1952|
|José Cadena Acuña||1952||1955|
|Eusebio Montaño Dávila||1955||1958|
|Francisco Sánchez Dávila||1958||1961|
|José Griego Rodríguez||1961||1964|
|Manuel Cadena Velarde||1964||1967|
|Jesús Velarde García||1967||1970|
|Victoriano Dávila Montaño||1970||1973|
|Filiberto Moreno Blanco||1973||1976|
|Eduardo Velarde Márquez||1976||1979|
|Humberto Quintana Vázquez||1979||1982|
|Cristóbal Moreno Montaño||1982||1985|
|Francisco Blanco Vázquez||1985||1988|
|Luis Ernesto Pérez Moreno||1988||1991|
|Jacinto Galindo Montaño||1991||1994|
|Raymundo Dávila Moreno||1994||1997|
|Juan Montaño Velarde||1997||2000|
|José Martínez Cadena||2000||2003|
|Profr. Benjamín Durazo Mayboca||2003||2006|
|Tomas Garcia Andrade||2006||2009|
- "TEPACHE". ESTADO DE SONORA, Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
- Los Municipios de Sonora [Municipalities of Sonora] (in Spanish). México, D.F.: Secretaría de Gobernación, Centro Nacional de Estudios Municipales. 1988. p. 311.
- Hardy, W. H. (1829). Travels in the interior of Mexico in 1825-1828. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley.
- Nentvig, Juan (S.J.). (1764 ). Rudo Ensayo. Albany, NY: Munsel.
- Gobierno de Sonora