Tepecoacuilco de Trujano (municipality)
|Tepecoacuilco de Trujano|
|Municipal seat||Tepecoacuilco de Trujano|
|• Total||984 km2 (380 sq mi)|
As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 28,989.
The Suriana region served as the site of crossing migrants, so presumably Tepecoacuilco was first inhabited by one of these primitive tribes, who came from the coast of Michoacán. Later, the Olmecs to the territory, and tribes settled on the Mezcal River, and numerous objects of Olmec style have been excavated from this region.
Tribes settled in Tepecoacuilco in the first millennium of the current era, including one called Chontales which inhabited the Tepecoacuilco area. This tribe had its main seat in Ixcateopan, and formed a powerful dynasty in this area. The Chontales faithfully preserved their cultural characteristics, and achieved important progress in political and social organization. This government was in element patriarchal, each village was governed by a Lord or the Patriarch and priests in temples. Their main gods were the rain god Tlamacasqui and the goddess Acxoyatl. They lived in huts built of adobe with palm roofs. Men wore cloaks tied at the shoulder and loincloths, the women long petticoats. Their diet consisted of tortillas, corn, and vegetables.
In the 11th century, invaders penetrated the territory, Nahua tribes, which came from the north-west. Some of them settled by the Balsas River, to conquer the region and the Chontales. In this tribe was known as the Nahua-coixca, which means "Plain of snake." The Coixcas arrived and were completely primitive, surviving by hunting, farming and living in caves. Their warrior god was Huitzilopochtli.
- "Tepecoacuilco de Trujano". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved December 23, 2008.