Terêna language

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Terena may also refer to TERENA
Native to Brazil
Native speakers
16,000  (2006)[1]
  • Southern
    • Bolivia–Parana
      • Terêna
Language codes
ISO 639-2 ter
ISO 639-3 Variously:
ter – Terena
gqn – Kinikinao
gqn – Guaná
caj – Chané

Terêna or Etelena is spoken by 15,000 Brazilians. The language has a dictionary and written grammar. Many Terênan people have low Portuguese proficiency. It is spoken in Mato Grosso do Sul. 20% are literate in their language, 80% literate in Portuguese.

There were once four varieties, Kinikinao, Terena proper, Guaná, and Chané, which are sometimes considered separate languages (Aikhenvald 1999). Only Terena proper is still spoken.

Terêna has an active–stative syntax.[2]


  1. ^ Terena at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Kinikinao at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Guaná at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Chané at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Aikhenvald, "Arawak", in Dixon & Aikhenvald, eds., The Amazonian Languages, 1999.