Tractor Sazi F.C.
|Full name||Tractor Sazi Tabriz Football Club|
"Qırmızı Qurtlar"(The Red Wolves)
|Founded||1970; 44 years ago|
|Ground||Sahand Stadium, Tabriz|
|Owner||Tractor Manufacturing Company|
|League||Iran Pro League|
|2013–14||Iran Pro League, 6th|
|Website||Club home page|
Tractor Sazi Tabriz Football Club (Azerbaijani: Traktor Futbol klubu), also spelled "Traxtor" and "Tiraxtur", is an Iranian football club based in Tabriz, the capital of East Azerbaijan Province, and owned by Tractor Manufacturing Company. They play in Iran's Pro League.
The club was founded in 1970 and was promoted to the first division five years later. The club is one of the most famous and most popular clubs in Iran and Asia and has fans also in Turkey and Republic of Azerbaijan. In 2010–11 Iran Pro League average attendance for home games in Sahand Stadium was more than 82,000.
In 2008–09 season, Tractor was returned to the first division of the Iranian football after eight years with promoting from Azadegan League to the Iran Pro League. After that, Tractor Sazi began its growing trend with ending the following season after their promotion in the 7th place. They finished next season in the 5th place before finishing 2011–12 and 2012–13 season as the runner up for two times in a row. They also qualified to the AFC Champions League in the 2013 edition for the first time in their history. The club also won 2013–14 Hazfi Cup recently.
According to the latest ranking of the world's top club teams in 2013 by the "Soccer Database" took place, Tractor is the 3rd in Iran, 19th in Asia and 305th in the world. Tractor Sazi Club also has teams in futsal, basketball, volleyball, taekwondo and baseball in addition to football club.
- 1 History
- 2 Fans
- 3 Symbols
- 4 Ownership
- 5 Rivalries
- 6 Players
- 7 Stadium
- 8 Seasons
- 9 Honours
- 10 Personal
- 11 Sports statistics
- 12 Asian record
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Tractor Sazi was formed in 1970 in support of Tractor Manufacturing Company in Tabriz. They played in the Pasargad League for five years until 1975. They finished 1974–75 as the winner of the Pasargard League and promoted to the Takht Jamshid Cup (now Iran Pro League). In their first season in the Takht Jamshid Cup, they were in poor form, as result Tractor Sazi relegated to the Pasargard League after just one year in the first division. They were also lost the Hazfi Cup final to the Malavan in the cup's inaugural edition. After their relegation, Hossein Fekri remained as the club's manager and led them to a return to the first division for the 1977–78 season, which they finished it in the 5th place. In 1978–79 season which never finished due to Iranian Revolution, they were in the 8th place with twelve matches. Their rival at these times was Machine Sazi, which is also based in Tabriz.
In the 1980s the national league was suspended due to the Iran-Iraq War, therefore Tractor was forced to compete in the Tabriz Local Leagues for many years. In the 1986-87 Qods League the East Azerbaijan Provincial team, with a mix of players from Tractor Sazi and Machine Sazi, made it to the final. They were defeated in the final by the Isfahan Provincial team.
Romanian coach Vasile Godja was in charge of Tractor Sazi's youth teams from 1986. He was also a worker of the Tractor Company and discovered various talents as the B team's coach. He also discovered and trained various talented players like Karim Bargheri, Sirous Dinmohammadi, Alireza Nikmer and Hossein Khatibi, which in time became players of Iran’s national team. In 1990, he was promoted as the first team coach which he lead the club in the 1992–93 season finishing third place in national competition followed by Persepolis and Pas Tehran. Esmail Halali was their star in this period. Under his leadership in 1994, Tractor Sazi made the finals of the Hazfi Cup again this time losing to Bahman in the final, and won in 1995 the MILLS International cup in India.
After Godja left the team in 1997 after eight years in the charge of the club, Mohammad Hossein Ziaei became the player-coach of Tractor Sazi. At this time, notable players of the team started their migration to the other clubs. They finished 1998 until 2001's leagues in the middle of the table.
Iran Pro League
In 2001, IRIFF formed Iran Pro League as the professional league. 2001–02 season and under Reza Vatankhah and Mahmoud Yavari's management, Tractor Sazi relegated to the Azadegan League after finished in the bottom of the league.
Tractor Sazi spent seven seasons in the Azadegan League, second division, and was unable to climb to the Iran Pro League. Tractor qualified to the promotion play-off in the 2006–07 season but lost to the Shirin Faraz 4–2. After the appointment of Faraz Kamalvand as the manager before the 2008-09 season, Tractor Sazi was promoted to the Iran Pro League for the first time in 8 years.
The Revival and success years
In the 2011–12 season and under Amir Ghalenoei's management, Tractor Sazi finished 2nd, their best result in the history, therefore securing a spot for the 2013 AFC Champions League. This was the first time Tractor Sazi had qualified for the competition, they qualified for the 2014 and 2015 edition as well. In July 2012, former S.L. Benfica and Sevilla FC coach, Toni Oliveira was named as the club's manager. He led the club as the runner up of Iran Pro League and won Hazfi Cup for the first time. After a fall out between Oliveira and the club chairman, Oliveira was sacked and Majid Jalali was brought in for the 2013–14. After a poor run of results Jalali was fired and Toni Oliveira returned, and almost immediately leading Tractor to a Hazfi Cup Championship, and a place in the 2015 AFC Champions League. They also finished the season in the 6th place, after defeated Esteghlal 3–1 on the last match at Azadi Stadium. Tractor was also unable to qualify for the knock-out stage of AFC Champions League for the second consecutive year, after ended 4th in its group in both 2013 and 2014 editions.
Tractor Sazi had the most fans attendance in home games in the Iran Pro League in 2010–11, 2011–12 and 2012–13 seasons. As of 2013, the club have more than 482,000 registered official fans, more than Real Madrid CF. Navad, the main sports program in Iran also named Tractor's fans as the best fans in Iran.
Due to ban of Azerbaijani ethno-emancipatory activities in Iran, Tractor Sazi football team have played an important role in the articulating politics demands of its fans for the institution of instruction and TV broadcasting in their native language at almost every game. Many thousands of Azerbaijani fans accompany the Tractor football team to its matches, occasionally waving Turkish flags, carrying pan-Turkic symbols and usually shout slogans emphasizing their distinctiveness from the Persians and explicitly support Azerbaijani separatism or slogans against teams from Persia which have sometimes led to clashes with Iranian security forces. In these situations, the police generally side with the Persians and hundreds of fans have been arrested and imprisoned by Iranian intelligent forces.
Tractor Sazi is known as "Tiraxtur" between its fans. The club's title is also Red Wolves. The club fans is also celebrated after they team scored a goal with Bundesliga style. They repeated the scorer's family name after the stadium's spokesperson calling his first name. When the team conceding a goal, fans began chants "Eybi Yox!" (no problem).
There are a lot of popular marches for Tractor F.C. but 'Tiraxtur iftixarımız' (Tractor is our proud) that create and implement in 2012 was chosen as official anthem by the club in the club's celebration. The table below shows the Tractor fans anthem that is sung at Tractor matches.
- Songwriter: Ayyub Shahbazi
- Composer: Gholam Reza Mirzazadeh
- Arrangement: Mohammad Hossein Drablou
- Singer: Esfandiar Garabaghi
From its foundation, the team used red crest. On the exterior circle the name of the club and the date of its foundation were written. The second crest was white until 2013, when the club change their second crest to black.
Tractor Sazi is currently sponsored by the Hamrah-e Aval (Mobile Telecommunication Company) and also Javanane Khayer Foundation. They were previously sponsored by the Bank Sepah. On 1 December 2012, the club signed a contract with Merooj in a four deal, starting from 2013–14 season.
The official matches of the club in Iran Pro League, Hazfi Cup and AFC Champions League are broadcast from Sahand TV, the club's city owned TV station. Online viewing is also available in the official site of the club and Sahand TV. Important matches are also broadcast on the Varzesh and Shoma channels. The matches with Persepolis, Esteghlal and Sepahan are also broadcast from IRIB TV3, Jame Jam and SAHAR TV.
The club is owned by Tractor Manufacturing Company since its establishment in 1970. From 2011, it has been owned by Kowsar Foundation (51%) , also 30% of the club is belongs to East-Azerbaijan State. In addition, the Iranian Mehr institute affiliate Kowsar and other stakeholders and custodians of the club. Kowsar Foundation is part of Sepah Pasdaran and the club is able to get the soldier players to complete their military service.
Tractor Sazi's matches with Persepolis and Esteghlal is important since the club's return to the first division. Tractor Sazi have won two, draws three and lost one match against Esteghlal since 2009 which their two wins was in Azadi Stadium. Tractor Sazi also won five consecutive matches against Persepolis which one of the wins was a 4–1. They defeated Persepolis in 2010 with a goal from Karrar Jassim after 17 years.
- Tractor Sazi & Esteghlal results
|Tractor Sazi wins||7|
|Tractor Sazi goals||32|
- Tractor Sazi & Persepolis results
|Tractor Sazi wins||7|
|Tractor Sazi goals||35|
- Tractor Sazi & Machine Sazi results
|Tractor Sazi wins||12|
|Machine Sazi wins||22|
|Tractor Sazi goals||30|
|Machine Sazi goals||48|
Since 2013, and after promotion of Gostaresh Foulad, Tabriz derby is held between two sides.
- Tractor Sazi & Gostaresh results
|Tractor Sazi wins||1|
|Tractor Sazi goals||5|
- As of 20 July 2014
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
For recent transfers, see List of Iranian football transfers summer 2014.
Tractor Sazi played their home matches from 1979 until 1996 in the 20,000 capacity Bagh Shomal Stadium (Takhti Stadium), 1976 AFC Asian Cup stadium. Sahand Stadium (Yadegar-e Emam Stadium) was replaced with Bagh-e Shomal Stadium after it was completed in January 1996. The stadium is the second biggest stadium in Iran with 80,451 capacity (66,833 without standings). The stadium is also part of Tabriz Olympic Complex.
During Sahand Stadium's renovation in 2005 until 2006 years, Bakeri Stadium was the club's home ground in the Azadegan League matches. The stadium has 10,000 capacity.
The table below chronicles the achievements of Tractor Sazi in various competitions.
|1972–73||2nd Division||4th||Group B|
|1975–76||Takht Jamshid Cup||16th||Final||Relegated|
|1976-77||2nd Division||2nd||1/8 Final||Promoted|
|1977–78||Takht Jamshid Cup||5th||
|1978–79||Takht Jamshid Cup||Did not finish|
|1980–81||Tabriz Football League||10th||
|1981–82||Tabriz Football League's 2nd Div.||1st||Promoted|
|1982–83||Tabriz Football League||6th|
|1983–84||Tabriz Football League||7th|
|1984–85||Tabriz Football League||1st|
|1985–86||Tabriz Football League||2nd|
|1986–87||Tabriz Football League||3rd|
|1987–88||Tabriz Football League||2nd|
|1988–89||Tabriz Football League||2nd|
|1989–90||Qods League||4th||Quarter Finals|
|1990–91||Not held||1/8 Final|
|1991–92||Azadegan League||10th||Not held|
|1992–93||Azadegan League||3rd||Not held|
|1994–95||Azadegan League||9th||First Round||Relegated|
|1995–96||2nd Division||2nd||Second Round||Promoted|
|1996–97||Azadegan League||11th||Second Round|
|1997–98||Azadegan League||9th||Not held|
|1998–99||Azadegan League||11th||Second Round|
|1999–00||Azadegan League||6th||1/16 Final|
|2000–01||Azadegan League||12th||Second Round|
|2001–02||Iran Pro League||14th||Third Round||Relegated|
|2002–03||Azadegan League||3rd||Second Round|
|2003–04||Azadegan League||8th||Third Round|
|2004–05||Azadegan League||7th||Third Round|
|2005–06||Azadegan League||3rd||Second Round|
|2006–07||Azadegan League||1st||Second Round||Promoted to Play Off|
|2007–08||Azadegan League||4th||1/16 Final|
|2008–09||Azadegan League||1st||Quarter Finals||Promoted|
|2009–10||Iran Pro League||7th||Second Round|
|2010–11||Iran Pro League||5th||1/8 Final|
|2011–12||Iran Pro League||2nd||1/16 Final|
|2012–13||Iran Pro League||2nd||1/8 Final||Group Stage|
|2013–14||Iran Pro League||6th||Champion||Group Stage|
- Winner (1): 1974–75
- Runners-up (2): 1976–77, 1995–96
- Winner : 1992
- MILLS International Cup (India)
- Winner: 1995
- Sardaran Shahid International Cup (Tabriz)
- Winner: 1995, 1996
- Winner: 2014
Current coaching staff
|Head coach||Rasoul Khatibi|
|First team coach||Nasser Ebrahimi|
|Assistant coach||Amir Masoud Eghbali|
|Assistant coach||Hossein Khatibi|
|Fitness coach||Saeid Nikokheslat|
|Goalkeeper coach||Mehdi Sabeti|
|Doctor & Physiotherapist||Ramzan Norouzzadeh|
|B team manager||Farhad Pourgholami|
|Technical manager||Ahad Sheykhlari|
|Vice President||Khosro Abdollahzadeh|
|Board chairman||Ali Akbar Pourjamshidian|
|Board members||Sadegh Najafi-Khazarlou
Mohammad Javad Dolfkar
Muhammad Ismail Saidi
Mohammad Ali Mojtahedi
|Fans club president||Rahman Yavaran|
|Academy manager||Sadegh Pourhossein|
- Updated to May 2014.
|Seasons in Iran Pro League||21|
|Seasons in Azadegan League||12|
|Promotions to Iran Pro League||4|
|Participations in the Hazfi Cup||27|
|Participations in Asian competitions||3|
|All-time best position in Iran Pro League||2nd|
Top Goalscorers in Iran Pro League
Top Goalscorers in AFC Champions League
Asian Club Championship / AFC Champions League
|Asian Club Championship / AFC Champions League|
- Tractor promoted to the Iran Pro League
- Tractor Sazi qualified to the AFC Champions League
- World Football / Soccer Clubs Ranking
- Souleimanov, Emil (2011). "The Evolution of Azerbaijani Identity and the Prospects of Secessionism in Iranian Azerbaijan". PfP Consortium Quarterly Journal (Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany: Partnership for Peace Consortium (PfPC) of Defense Academies and Security Studies Institutes) 11 (1): 77–84. Archived from the original on 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- Souleimanov, Emil (2010). "Iranian Azerbaijan: The Brewing Hotspot of Future Separatism?". Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst (Washington and Stockholm: Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program Joint Center) 12 (20): 9–11. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Segall, Michael (2013). "Iran Fears Growing Israel-Azerbaijan Cooperation". Jerusalem Issue Briefs (Jerusalem, Israel: Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs) 13 (12): 1. Archived from the original on 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- Souleimanov, Emil; Pikal, Kamil; Kraus, Josef (2013). "The Rise of Nationalism Among Iranian Azerbaijanis: A Step Toward Iran's Disintergration?". Middle East Review of International Affairs (Herzliya, Israel: The Global Research in International Affairs (GLORIA) Center) 17 (1): 71–91. Archived from the original on 8 April 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tractor Sazi F.C..|
- (Persian) 
- (English) Stats at PersianLeague
- (English) Official website
- (Persian) Traktorsazi Fan Club
- (English) Profile And Stats at Footballzz