Terence Osborn Ranger (born 1929) is a prominent African historian, focusing on the history of Zimbabwe. Part of the post-colonial generation of historians, his work spans the pre- and post-Independence (1980) period in Zimbabwe, from the 1960s to the present.
Ranger is an emeritus fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford, England. He previously held the chair of Rhodes Professor of Race Relations at the university.
One of his influential works is a collaboration with Eric Hobsbawm is The Invention of Tradition (1983).
In 1980, Ranger founded the Britain Zimbabwe Society with Guy Clutton-Brock, of which he is now president (as of 2006 ). He also a trustee of the Asylum Welcome organisation, and much of his academic work has been concerned with human rights in Zimbabwe. He has spoken out against forced removals from the UK of Zimbabwean asylum seekers during the current crisis in Zimbabwe.
In retirement, Prof Ranger has been made a fellow of the Oxford Centre for Mission Studies.
- Revolt in Southern Rhodesia, 1896-97. London: Heinemann (1967, 2nd ed 1979). ISBN 0-435-94799-0
- Peasant Consciousness and Guerrilla War in Zimbabwe: A Comparative Study. Oxford: James Currey (1985). ISBN 0-85255-001-4.
- Soldiers in Zimbabwe's Liberation War. Ed., with Ngwabi Bhebe. Oxford: James Currey (1995). ISBN 0-85255-609-8
- Are We Not Also Men? The Samkange Family and African Politics in Zimbabwe, 1920-64. Oxford: James Currey (1995). ISBN 0-85255-618-7
- Society in Zimbabwe's Liberation War . Ed., with Ngwabi Bhebe. Oxford: James Currey (1996). ISBN 0-85255-660-8
- Voices From The Rocks: Nature, Culture and History in the Matopos Hills of Zimbabwe. Oxford: James Currey (1999). ISBN 0-85255-604-7
- Violence and Memory: One Hundred Years in the 'Dark Forests' of Matabeleland. With Jocelyn Alexander and JoAnn McGregor. Oxford: James Currey (2000). ISBN 0-85255-692-6
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