Terence Osborn Ranger (born 1929) is a prominent African historian, focusing on the history of Zimbabwe. Part of the post-colonial generation of historians, his work spans the pre- and post-Independence (1980) period in Zimbabwe, from the 1960s to the present.
In 1980, Ranger founded the Britain Zimbabwe Society with Guy Clutton-Brock, of which he is now president (as of 2006[update]). During 1980-82, he was President of the African Studies Association of the UK (ASAUK). He also a trustee of the Asylum Welcome organisation, and much of his academic work has been concerned with human rights in Zimbabwe. He has spoken out against forced removals from the UK of Zimbabwean asylum seekers during the current crisis in Zimbabwe.