Terence Osborn Ranger (29 November 1929 – 3 January 2015) was a prominent African historian, focusing on the history of Zimbabwe. Part of the post-colonial generation of historians, his work spanned the pre- and post-Independence (1980) period in Zimbabwe, from the 1960s to the present.
In 1980, Ranger founded the Britain Zimbabwe Society with Guy Clutton-Brock, of which he was president (2006-14). During 1980-82, he was President of the African Studies Association of the UK (ASAUK). He also was a trustee of the Asylum Welcome organisation, and much of his academic work was concerned with human rights in Zimbabwe. He spoke out against forced removals from the UK of Zimbabwean asylum seekers during the crisis in Zimbabwe.