Terence Young (director)

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Terence Young
Born Shaun Terence Young[1]
20 June 1915
Shanghai, China
Died 7 September 1994(1994-09-07) (aged 79)
Cannes, France
Occupation Film director
Screenwriter
Spouse(s) Dorothea Bennett
Sabine Sun

Shaun Terence Young (20 June 1915 – 7 September 1994) was a British film director and screenwriter best known for directing three James Bond films, Dr. No (1962), From Russia with Love (1963), and Thunderball (1965).

Biography[edit]

The son of a Police Commissioner of the Shanghai Municipal Police, Young was born in Shanghai, China and was public-school educated. He read oriental history at St Catharine's College in the University of Cambridge.

Commissioned in the Irish Guards, Young was a tank commander during World War II where he participated in Operation Market Garden in Arnhem, Netherlands.

Film career[edit]

Young began his film career as a screenwriter in British films of the 1940s, working, for example, on Brian Desmond Hurst's On the Night of the Fire (1939), Dangerous Moonlight (1941) and A Letter From Ulster. In 1946, he returned to assist Hurst with the script of Theirs is the Glory, which recaptured the fighting around Arnhem bridge. Arnhem, coincidentally, was home to the adolescent Audrey Hepburn. During the filming of Young's film, Wait Until Dark, Hepburn and Young would joke that he was shelling his favorite star without even knowing it. Young also directed an account of the Guards Armoured Division They Were Not Divided.

Young's first sole credit as director (and also Christopher Lee's film debut) was Corridor of Mirrors (1948), an acclaimed film made in France.

After directing a few English films, Young directed several films for Irving Allen and Albert R. Broccoli's Warwick Films in the 1950s, including The Red Beret with Alan Ladd. Young was also a story editor at Warwick. This association led to his being offered the directorship of the first two James Bond films.

Bond / Young[edit]

Young had previously worked five years earlier with the then relatively unknown Sean Connery, who was to play Bond, on Action of the Tiger. For the first Bond film, Lois Maxwell claimed that "Terence took Sean under his wing. He took him to dinner, showed him how to walk, how to talk, even how to eat."[2] It led to three of the first four Bond films: Dr. No, From Russia with Love, and Thunderball. They became financially and critically successful and helped Sean Connery become a superstar during the 1960s.

During the filming of From Russia with Love, Young and a photographer nearly drowned when their helicopter crashed into the sea while filming a key sequence. They were rescued by other members of the film crew. Young was back behind the camera thirty minutes after being rescued.

Later work[edit]

Young never made many films as popular as his mid sixties work that included The Amorous Adventures of Moll Flanders with husband and wife team Richard Johnson and Kim Novak, and Wait Until Dark with Audrey Hepburn.

He made many films in Europe, including The Poppy Is Also a Flower (1965), Triple Cross (1966) - a story of Eddie Chapman starring Christopher Plummer, Mayerling (1968), L'Arbre de Noel (US: The Christmas Tree aka When Wolves Cry) starring William Holden (1969), and several films with Charles Bronson including Red Sun, Cold Sweat and The Valachi Papers. Young also has story credit for the French spy film Atout coeur à Tokyo pour OSS 117.

According to Young, he was offered and turned down the direction of For Your Eyes Only and Never Say Never Again.

Young also replaced the original directors of The Klansman and The Jigsaw Man. He undertook Sidney Sheldon's Bloodline (1979) and Inchon (1981). Young was also the editor of The Long Days or al-Ayyam al-Tawila, a six hour Iraqi telenovela about the life of Saddam Hussein.[3]

Young also directed Laurence Olivier in Inchon (1981) and The Jigsaw Man (1982). Olivier and Young had been friends since 1943 when Olivier had initially offered the direction of his film Henry V (1944) to Young, who declined.[4]

His wife was the novelist Dorothea Bennett. He died of a heart attack at the age of 79 in Cannes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BFI ScreenOnline: Young, Terence (1915-1994) Linked 2012-10-18
  2. ^ Macintyre 2012, p. unknown.
  3. ^ Mark Bowden, "Tales of the Tyrant", The Atlantic Monthly, May 2002
  4. ^ Laurence Olivier by Donald Spoto, Fontana, 1992, p.214
Preceded by
none
Official James Bond Film Director
1962-1963
Succeeded by
Guy Hamilton
1964
Preceded by
Guy Hamilton
1964
Official James Bond Film Director
1965
Succeeded by
Lewis Gilbert
1967

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]