Terengganu Inscription Stone

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A replica of the Terengganu Inscription Stone at the National Historical Museum in Kuala Lumpur.

Terengganu Inscription Stone (Malay: Batu Bersurat Terengganu; Jawi: باتو برسورت ترڠڬانو) is the oldest artifact with Jawi writing on it. The inscriptions, which are in Malay, believed to be written on 22 February 1303.[1] The artifact proves that Islam reached Terengganu earlier than 1326 or 1386.

At the UNESCO International Advisory Committee meeting in Barbados on 13 July 2009, the 700-year-old inscribed stone was listed as an item eligible for world heritage recognition.[2][3]

It was accidentally discovered near Sungai Tersat at Kuala Berang, Terengganu, Malaysia by an Arab trader named Sayid Husin bin Ghulam al-Bokhari in 1899 after a flash flood hit Kuala Berang. The inscription on the stone proclaims Islam as the state religion of Terengganu.


The stone is said to have been discovered by Sayid Husin bin Ghulam al-Bokhari an Arab trader. Saiyed Husin al-Bokhari and a village headman lifted and placed the stone on a raft to be taken to Kuala Terengganu. When they reached Kuala Terengganu, the stone was presented to Sultan Zainal Abidin III and was later placed on Bukit Puteri.

In 1922, the Deputy British Adviser in Terengganu, Mr. HS Peterson asked a Japanese photographer, N.Suzuki to take some photographs of the inscription which were then shipped to CO Blegden to be read.

In 1923, the stone was loaned to the Museum of Singapore while the National Museum in Kuala Lumpur was being built, and once the construction was done, the stone tablet was returned to Kuala Lumpur from Singapore Raffles Museum.

On February 12, 1987, the State Government of Terengganu wrote to the Administration of the National Museum requesting permission of getting the Inscription Stone back to be exhibited in their State Museum. In 1991, the Cabinet approved the request and the Inscription Stone was returned to the State Government of Terengganu. It is now on display at the Terengganu State Museum.


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