Município de Teresópolis
|Motto: "Sub Digitum Dei"
(Latin for, "Under God's Finger")
|State||Rio de Janeiro|
|• Mayor||Arlei de Oliveira Rosa|
|• Total||770.6 km2 (297.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||871 m (2,858 ft)|
|• Density||212.5/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
Teresópolis (Portuguese pronunciation: [teɾeˈzɔpolis]) is a Brazilian municipality located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in a mountainous region known as Região Serrana. The Serra dos Órgãos National Park lies partly within the city limits. The city is known as the home of the Brazilian national football team, since it hosts CBF's training center.
Before the arrival of the Portuguese to the area where Teresópolis lies today, in the 16th century, it was inhabited by Indians. In the following centuries, Portuguese started buying land there. The region was also occupied by a quilombo, formed by runaway slaves coming from sugar cane plantations near Rio de Janeiro.
In 1821, English citizen George March (born and raised in Portugal) established a farm there, which later became the most important settlement along the way between the court, in Rio de Janeiro, and the territory of Gerais (nowadays, the state of Minas Gerais), which led to the great improvement of agriculture and cattle raising.
The Brazilian imperial family was much impressed by the natural beauty and the climate of the region, which developed slowly so that in 1855 the settlement became a village that was named Freguesia de Santo Antonio de Paquequer.
The further development of the village was due to the traders that came from Minas Gerais in the way to Rio de Janeiro, and used the region as a resting stop. Finally, on July 6, 1891, the village became a municipality that was named Teresópolis, after empress Dona Teresa Cristina, wife of emperor Dom Pedro II.
According to the 2010 Brazilian Census, the city had a population of 163,746 people within a land area of 770,6 km2. It is home to the Serra dos Órgãos National Park, which predominant vegetation belongs to the Atlantic Forest. The city is surrounded by forests and by well-known peaks, upon which the city is known as the national capital of mountaineering. Most famous peaks are:
- Peak of Pedra do Sino (2,263 m)
- Peak of Pedra do Açu (2,230 m)
- Peak of Agulha do Diabo (2,020 m)
- Peak of Nariz do Frade (1,919 m)
- Peak of Dedo de Deus (1,651 m)
- Peak of Pedra da Ermitage (1,485 m)
- Peak of Dedo de Nossa Senhora (1,320 m).
Of these, Dedo de Deus ("God's finger") is the most famous.
Teresópolis’ climate is classified as humid subtropical, with cold and dry winters and mild and humid summers.
The uncontrolled growth of Teresópolis and other cities of the mountainous region near Rio de Janeiro led to the construction of a great number of houses in steep terrain or in the margins of rivers. This fact, together with a 24-hour rainfall that exceeded what was expected for the entire month, caused a series of floods and mudslides in January 2011. A number of 382 people died and thousands lost their houses in the event, that is considered the worst weather-related tragedy in the Brazilian history. .
Teresópolis' sister cities are:
- Stuart Grudgings (January 12, 2011). "UPDATE 5-At least 257 dead as rains pummel Brazil regions". Reuters. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
- Tom Phillips (January 14, 2011). "Brazil Landslides Death Toll Rises". The Guardian. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
- (Portuguese) City Hall (Prefeitura Municipal)
- (Portuguese) Municipal Legislative Chamber (Câmara Municipal)
- (Portuguese) Visite Teresópolis - Tourism, Information, news, photos...
- (Portuguese) Teresopolis.com.br - Complete guide to the city, Information, news, and photos
- (Portuguese) TeresopolisOn - Information, news, and photos
- (Portuguese) Portal Terê - Complete guide to the city