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Desert truffle - Terfezia spp. from Avanos, Turkey.jpg
Terfezia spp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Terfeziaceae or
Genus: Terfezia
(Tul. & C.Tul.) Tul. & C.Tul. (1851)
Type species
Terfezia arenaria
(Moris) Trappe (1971)

~10, see text


Choiromyces sect. Terfezia Tul. & C.Tul. (1845)
Mattirolomyces E.Fisch. (1938)
Tulasneinia Zobel (1854)
Tulasnia Lesp.

Terfezia is a genus of truffle-like fungi within the Pezizaceae family. Terfezia species are commonly known as desert truffles. Some authorities consider this the type genus of the family Terfeziaceae,[1] although phylogenetic analysis suggests that it nests within the Pezizaceae.[2] The Dictionary of the Fungi (10th edition, 2008) suggests that the genus contains 12 species.[2] A recent (2011) publication used molecular analysis to show that the American Terfezia species had been incorrectly classified, and moved Terfezia spinosa and Terfezia longii to Mattirolomyces and Stouffera, respectively; as a result, no Terfezia species are known to exist in North America.[3]



  1. ^ a b "Terfezia (Tul. & C. Tul.) Tul. & C. Tul. 1851". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  2. ^ a b Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 682. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ Kovács GM, Trappe JM, Alsheikh AM, Hansen K, Healy RA, Vági P. (2011). "Terfezia disappears from the American truffle mycota as two new genera and Mattirolomyces species emerge". Mycologia 103 (4): 831–40. doi:10.3852/10-273. PMID 21262987. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Bordallo J-J, Rodríguez A, Muñoz-Mohedano JM, Suz LM, Honrubia M, Morte A. (2013). "Five new Terfezia species from the Iberian Peninsula". Mycotaxon 124: 189–208. doi:10.5248/124.189. 
  5. ^ Kovács GM, Balázs TK, Calonge FD, Martín MP. (2011). "The diversity of Terfezia desert truffles: new species and a highly variable species complex with intrasporocarpic nrDNA ITS heterogeneity". Mycologia 103 (4): 841–53. doi:10.3852/10-312. 

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