Roma Termini railway station

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Roma Termini
Roma-Termini--Italy--at-night.JPG
Location
Address Piazzale dei Cinquecento
00185 Roma RM
Comune Rome
Province Rome
Region Lazio
Country Italy
Coordinates 41°54′03″N 12°30′07″E / 41.90083°N 12.50194°E / 41.90083; 12.50194Coordinates: 41°54′03″N 12°30′07″E / 41.90083°N 12.50194°E / 41.90083; 12.50194
Line(s) Rome–Florence (high-speed)
Rome–Florence (traditional)
Rome–Naples (high-speed)
Rome–Formia–Naples
Rome–Cassino–Naples
Rome-Nettuno
Rome–Pisa
Rome–Pescara
Rome-Ancona
Rome–Viterbo
Rome–Velletri
Rome–Albano
Rome–Frascati
Rome–Fiumicino
Other information
Opened 1862; 152 years ago (1862)
Platforms 32
Manager Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Grandi Stazioni
Line operator(s) Trenitalia
Classification Platinum
Services
ticketscafeteria newsstand WC taxi stand public transportation
Connections
Logo Metropolitane Italia.svg Metropolitana di Roma
Sinnbild Straßenbahn.svg Rome Tram
Sinnbild Kraftomnibus.svg Trolleybuses
Location map
Roma Termini railway station is located in Rome
Roma Termini railway station
Roma Termini railway station (Rome)

Roma Termini (in Italian, Stazione Termini or Stazione di Roma Termini - Giovanni Paolo II) is the main railway station of Rome, Italy. It is named after the district of the same name, which in turn took its name from ancient Baths of Diocletian (in Latin, thermae), which lie across the street from the main entrance.[1]

Overview[edit]

The station has regular train services to all major Italian cities, as well as daily international services to Paris, Munich, Geneva, Basel, and Vienna. With twenty-nine platforms and over 150 million passengers each year,[2] Roma Termini is one of the largest railway stations in Europe.

Termini is also the main hub for public transport inside Rome. Both current Rome Metro lines (A and B) intersect at Termini metro station, and a major bus station is located at Piazza dei Cinquecento, the square in front of the station. However, the main tram lines of the city cross at Porta Maggiore, some 1,500 metres east of the station.

On 23 December 2006, the station was dedicated to Pope John Paul II.[2]

History[edit]

Façade of the first permanent Termini station, circa 1890. The obelisk on the right, a memorial to Italian casualties in battle of Dogali, is now in a nearby street, via delle Terme di Diocleziano.

On 25 February 1863, Pope Pius IX opened the first, temporary Termini Station as the terminus of the Rome–Frascati, Rome–Civitavecchia and Rome-Ceprano lines.

The first two lines previously had separate stations elsewhere in the city, and, as the third line was under development, the city chose to build one central station, as opposed to the Paris model of having separate terminus stations for each line or each direction. The dilapidated Villa Montalto-Peretti, erected in the 16th Century by Pope Sixtus V, was chosen as the site for this new station, which was to be called the "Stazione Centrale delle Ferrovie Romane" (Central Station of Roman Railways).

Construction of the permanent station began in 1868, in the last years of the Papal Temporal Power over the city of Rome, and was completed in 1874 after the Capture of Rome and installing of government of United Italy. It was laid out according to a plan by the architect Salvatore Bianchi. The front of this station reached Via Cavour, which means it stuck some 200 metres deeper into the city than the current station.

In 1937, it was decided to replace the old station, as part of the planning for the 1942 World's Fair, which was never held because of the outbreak of World War II. The old station was demolished, and part of the new station was constructed, but works were halted in 1943 as the Italian fascist government collapsed. The side structures of the design by Angiolo Mazzoni del Grande are still part of the current-day station.

Current building[edit]

The current building was designed by the two teams which won a competition in 1947: Leo Calini and Eugenio Montuori; Massimo Castellazzi, Vasco Fadigati, Achille Pintonello and Annibale Vitellozzi. It was inaugurated in 1950. The building is characterized by the extremely long, modernist façade in travertine and by the gravity-defying double curve of the cantilever roof in reinforced concrete. Because of these, it carries the nickname the Dinosaur. The famous anodized aluminium friezes are work of artist Amerigo Tot: the composition is about capturing the dynamics in sound and speed of a train.

Servian Walls[edit]

A length of the early Roman Servian Wall is preserved outside the station.

Train services[edit]

The station is served by the following services (incomplete):

  • High speed services (Eurostar Frecciargento) Rome - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce
  • Intercity services Rome - Naples - Salerno - Taranto
  • Intercity services Rome - Foggia - Bari (- Taranto)
  • Night train (Intercity Night) Rome - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce
Preceding station   Trenitalia   Following station
toward Ravenna
Eurostar Italia Terminus
Terminus Eurostar Italia
toward Lecce
Terminus Eurostar Italia
Eurostar Italia Terminus
toward Udine
Eurostar Italia Terminus
Eurostar Italia Terminus
Eurostar Italia
toward Salerno
Eurostar Italia Terminus
Eurostar Italia Terminus
Terminus
Eurostar Italia
Terminus
Eurostar Italia Terminus
InterCity
toward Salerno
toward Ventimiglia
InterCity Terminus
Terminus InterCity
toward Ancona
Terminus InterCity
InterCity
toward Salerno
InterCity
InterCity Terminus
Terminus InterCity
toward Taranto
Terminus InterCity
Terminus InterCity
Terminus InterCity
toward Siracusa
Terminus InterCity
toward München Hbf
InterCity Night Terminus
toward Udine
InterCity Night Terminus
InterCity Night
InterCity Night
Terminus
Terminus InterCity Night
toward Lecce
Terminus Treno regionale
toward Ancona
Preceding station   Lazio regional railways   Following station
Terminus FR4
Terminus FR5
Terminus FR6
toward Cassino
Terminus FR7
Terminus FR8
toward Nettuno

In the movies[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guida d'Italia. Roma. Milan: Touring Club Italiano. 1999. p. 162. : "il toponimo deriva dalle terme di Diocleziano" ("the toponym derives from the Baths of Diocletian").
  2. ^ a b Roma Termini

External links[edit]