|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||154.25 g/mol|
|Melting point||18 °C|
|Boiling point||219 °C
81-82 °C at 4.5 mmHg
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Terpineol is a naturally occurring monoterpene alcohol that has been isolated from a variety of sources such as cajuput oil, pine oil, and petitgrain oil. There are three isomers, alpha-, beta-, and gamma-terpineol, the last two differing only by the location of the double bond. Terpineol is usually a mixture of these isomers with alpha-terpineol as the major constituent.
Terpineol has a pleasant odor similar to lilac and is a common ingredient in perfumes, cosmetics, and flavors. α-terpineol is one of the two most abundant aroma constituents of lapsang souchong tea; the α-terpineol originates in the pine smoke used to dry the tea.
Although it is naturally occurring, terpineol is commonly manufactured from the more readily available alpha-pinene.
Limonene is reacted with trifluoroacetic acid in a Markovnikov addition to a trifluoro acetate intermediate, which is easily hydrolyzed with sodium hydroxide to α-terpineol with 76% selectivity. Side-products are the β-terpineol in a mixture of cis-isomer and trans isomer and 4-terpineol.
- Merck Index, 11th Edition, 9103.
- Shan-Shan Yao； Wen-Fei Guo； YI Lu； Yuan-Xun Jiang, "Flavor Characteristics of Lapsang Souchong and Smoked Lapsang Souchong,a Special Chinese Black Tea with Pine Smoking Process", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 53, No.22, (2005)
- A Practical Synthesis of d--Terpineol via Markovnikov Addition of d-Limonene Using Trifluoroacetic Acid Yoshifumi Yuasa and Yoko Yuasa Org. Process Res. Dev.; 2006; 10(6) pp 1231 - 1232; (Article) doi:10.1021/op068012d