Terrace Park, Ohio
|Terrace Park, Ohio|
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
|• Total||1.22 sq mi (3.16 km2)|
|• Land||1.17 sq mi (3.03 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)|
|Elevation||561 ft (171 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,249|
|• Density||1,923.9/sq mi (742.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1061680|
Terrace Park is located at (39.159911, -84.308192).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.22 square miles (3.16 km2), of which, 1.17 square miles (3.03 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water. Terrace Park feeds into the Mariemont City School District, which includes Mariemont High School.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,251 people, 758 households, and 615 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,923.9 inhabitants per square mile (742.8 /km2). There were 806 housing units at an average density of 688.9 per square mile (266.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.6% White, 0.1% African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population.
There were 758 households of which 48.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.6% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 18.9% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.38.
The median age in the village was 41.4 years. 35% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.6% were from 25 to 44; 32.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,273 people, 760 households, and 646 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,889.7 people per square mile (731.3/km²). There were 794 housing units at an average density of 660.1 per square mile (255.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.90% White, 0.18% African American, 0.57% Asian, 0.04% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.
There were 760 households out of which 51.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.0% were non-families. 14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the village the population was spread out with 35.6% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
Household income 2009
As of 2009 the median household income in the village was $135,574, and the median income for a family was $144,452. The percentage of households with incomes higher than $200,000 makes the village the wealthiest in the Cincinnati area.
Household income 2000
The median income for a household in the village in 2000 was $95,530, and the median income for a family was $104,250. Males had a median income of $72,321 versus $41,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $42,391. About 1.7% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
The primary document for the history of Terrace Park is "A Place Called Terrace Park" by Ellis Rawnsley (1992). This document created for the centennial celebration of Terrace Park was based on extensive research as explained in the preface:
- The information herein is drawn from a hundred years of village records; the writings and recollections of residents past and present; the resources of the Cincinnati Historical Society, the Museum of Natural History, the Public Libraries of both Hamilton and Clermont counties, the Hamilton County Records Office, and the National Archives. Newspapers and magazines of years past have added much--particularly the color. Along with various county histories, valuable books have included: [These are listed in the reference section below, including contact information for a living historian of Terrace Park cited in the material.]
Rawnsley notes that the earliest human inhabitants of Terrace Park may have arrived as early as 12,000 years ago—the Paleo-Indians. (See also http://www.wvculture.org/shpo/paleo.html.) Although "no traces of established settlements have ever been found," flints showing evidence of these nomadic people have been found in various locations in the areas surrounding Terrace Park.
Approximately 1000 B.C.E., settlements appeared in Hamilton County, Ohio, the county Terrace Park is in.
According to the author, "Two thousand or more years ago, a primitive people built, in what is now Terrace Park, one of the largest of its kind of the 295 prehistoric earthworks ever found in Hamilton County."
Mounds from the Adena Culture are found throughout a wide area which contains Terrace Park.
In January 1789, Abraham Covalt established a small fortified settlement called Covalt Station in what is now Terrace Park. The area was surrounded by Shawnee settlements, and the Shawnee were hostile towards the white settlement in their midst. Covalt Station had to be abandoned in 1792 due to continuing attacks by the Shawnee, and white settlers only returned after General "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeated the Native American Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers and secured the Treaty of Greenville which ceded all of southern Ohio (and other territory) to the United States. Before roads and railroads connected the village to other nearby settlements, such as Milford, most residents of Terrace Park kept cattle and chickens, and engaged in other agricultural activities for their own subsistence, and had "homesteads" as opposed to the ordered residential village of today.
Terrace Park was incorporated in 1893, and was the winter residence of the Robinson Circus until 1916. During the time that the circus wintered in Terrace Park, it was not unusual for elephants to roam free about the village, until the village council asked that they be restrained in 1910.
St. Thomas Episcopal Church is a historic building in the village, built on the site of Covalt's original settlement.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Terrace Park village, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- A Place called Terrace Park by Ellis Rawnsley, 1992
- [Ibid., Preface]
- "A Place called Terrace Park", by Ellis Rawnsley. Terrace Park Historical Society, 1992
- Village of Terrace Park official website
- Terrace Park community page
- Terrace Park Historical Society
- Terrace Park Building Survey