|Studio album by Grateful Dead|
|Released||July 27, 1977|
|Recorded||November 2, 1976, and May 8, 1977|
|Grateful Dead chronology|
Terrapin Station is the ninth studio album by the Grateful Dead, and was originally released on July 27, 1977. This is the first Grateful Dead album on Arista Records after releasing other albums on its own Grateful Dead Records.
The album was released for the first time on CD in 1987 by Arista Records before being re-released in 2000 by BMG International. It was then remastered, expanded, and released as part of the Beyond Description (1973-1989) box set in October 2004 with studio outtakes and live songs. The remastered version was later released separately on CD on March 7, 2006 by Rhino Records.
The album incorporates a more symphonic sound bordering on progressive rock styles that were expressed earlier by progressive art rock groups like Yes and Genesis. This was considered by fans to be a major departure from the more jazz-blues and traditional folk styles used by the Grateful Dead earlier in their career, although these elements are still present here. The title track uses strings and a choir to evoke a tighter and more complex structure as opposed to their looser improvisational works. Horns are also employed extensively to "funk up" their sound.
Reaction to the album was mixed as many fans thought that it was overproduced and not in keeping with the Grateful Dead's more unpolished free-form style, while others believe it to be their greatest musical achievement.
The song "Lady with a Fan" was co-written by Robert Hunter and Jerry Garcia. Robert Hunter said of the song, "I wrote "Terrapin Part One" at a single sitting in an unfurnished house with a picture window overlooking San Francisco Bay during a flamboyant lightning storm. I typed the first thing that came into my mind at the top of the page, the title: Terrapin Station."
"On the same day, driving to the city, Garcia was struck by a singular inspiration. He turned his car around and hurried home to set down some music that popped into his head, demanding immediate attention."
"When we met the next day, I showed him the words and he said, "I've got the music." They dovetailed perfectly and Terrapin edged into this dimension."
The Grateful Dead played the first two parts of "Terrapin Station", and the songs "Estimated Prophet" and "Samson and Delilah" in concert rotation until the end of their career, usually as part of the second set. "Terrapin" was played live some 302 times starting on February 26, 1977 at the Swing Auditorium in San Bernardino, California.
"Terrapin Station" was never performed live in full. The most complete performance, which includes the section "Terrapin Transit," was performed on March 18, 1977 at Winterland Arena. "Terrapin Transit" was only played live once, and is incorrectly labeled as "Alhambra" on circulating copies of the show and the Internet Archive.
Track listing 
- Side one
- "Estimated Prophet" (John Perry Barlow and Bob Weir) – 5:37
- "Dancin' in the Streets" (Marvin Gaye, Ivy Jo Hunter, and William "Mickey" Stevenson) – 3:16
- "Passenger" (Phil Lesh and Peter Monk) – 2:48
- "Samson and Delilah" (Traditional) – 3:29
- "Sunrise" (Donna Godchaux) – 4:03
- Side two
- "Terrapin Station Part 1" – 16:17
- 2004 reissue bonus tracks
- "Peggy-O" (traditional)– 4:41
- "The Ascent" – 1:59
- "Catfish John" (Bob McDill and Allen Reynolds) – 4:43
- "Equinox" (Lesh) – 5:15
- "Fire on the Mountain" (Hart and Hunter) – 6:26
- "Dancin' in the Streets" (Live at Barton Hall Cornell University, Ithaca, NY May 8, 1977) (Gaye, Hunter, and Stevenson) – 16:17
- Jerry Garcia – guitar, vocals
- Donna Jean Godchaux – vocals
- Keith Godchaux – keyboards, vocals
- Mickey Hart – drums
- Bill Kreutzmann – drums
- Phil Lesh – bass guitar
- Bob Weir – guitar, vocals
- Additional performers
- Paul Buckmaster – orchestral arrangements
- The English Choral
- The Martyn Ford Orchestra
- Tom Scott – lyricon, saxophones on "Estimated Prophet"
- Technical personnel
Reissue production credits 
- James Austin – production
- Hugh Brown – design, art direction
- Reggie Collins – annotation
- Dave Devore – engineering
- Jimmy Edwards – associate production
- Sheryl Farber – editorial supervision
- Tom Flye – mixing
- Cornelius "Snookey" Flowers – photography
- David Gans – liner notes
- Joe Gastwirt – mastering, production consultancy
- Robert Gatley – mixing assistance
- Robin Hurley – associate production
- Eileen Law – research
- David Lemieux – production
- Mary Ann Mayer – art coordination
- Richard McCaffrey – photography
- Hale Milfgrim – associate production
- Robert Minkin – photography
- Scott Pascucci – associate production
- Ed Perlstein – photography
- Cameron Sears – executive production
- Peter Simon – photography
- Steve Vance – design, art direction
|1977||Pop Albums||28|
|Gold||September 4, 1987|