Terrestrornithes

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Terrestrornithes
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous-Holocene, 75–0Ma
Least Sandpiper Don Edwards WR 1.jpg
Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Division: Terrestrornithes
Livezey & Zusi, 2007
Subclades

Terrestrornithes ("land birds") is a group of birds with controversial content. The clade was proposed in 2007 to unite the Charadriiformes (shore birds) and their possible close relatives, the Dendrornithes (most predatory and perching birds). It may also include a group known as the Mirandornithes, the flamingos and grebes, though the placement of this group is highly uncertain and they may be members of the Metaves instead.[1]

A rough consensus of current research is reproduced below, based on Naish (2012).[1]

Terrestrornithes


Mirandornithes? (flamingos & grebes)



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)



Dendrornithes?
Afroaves

Accipitriformes





Coliiformes (mousebirds)



Strigiformes (owls)



Picocoraciae

Coracii (rollers & hornbills)



Piciformes (woodpeckers & toucans)





Australaves

Cariamidae (seriamas)


Eufalconimorphae

Falconidae (falcons)


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)



Passeriformes (songbirds, crows & kin)







References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).