Terrier Group

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Terrier Group is the name of a breed Group of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds. In general, a Terrier Group includes one particular type of dog, the Terrier, although other types may be included in a kennel club's Terrier Group. Most major English-language kennel clubs include a Terrier Group although different kennel clubs may not include the same breeds in their Terrier Group. The international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, includes Terriers in Group 3 Terrier, which is then further broken down into four Sections based on the type of terrier and breed history.

Terrier dogs[edit]

Main article: Terrier

Terriers were originally kept to hunt vermin, especially mice, rats, rabbits, otters, stoats and weasels. Some Terriers were designed to go down the holes of the European fox and other agricultural pest animals in order to chase them out for the hunter, and the name terrier is from the Latin terra, meaning earth, in reference to the dogs going underground.[1] Today, the majority of modern breeds developed from the old terrier types are pets and companions. A few are still used as working terriers, and some terriers are large enough to be kept as guard dogs.

Terrier Group breeds[edit]

Kennel clubs assign breeds traditionally identified as terriers to their Terrier Group. Some kennel clubs prefer to use another category such as the Toy Group, Companion Group, Utility Group or Non-Sporting Group for certain terriers or terrier-like breeds, but most terriers are placed in the Terrier Group.

The United Kennel Club (US) is unusual in that it recognises Pinschers and Feists in its Terrier Group, along with other US breeds not recognised elsewhere. The United Kennel Club also lists the Hollandse Smoushond with the Terriers, which it resembles, but is elsewhere considered a Schnauzer-type breed. Another Schnauzer, the miniature Schnauzer (or Zwergschnauzer), is sometimes placed in a kennel club's Terrier Group. The Boston Terrier is usually listed by kennel clubs in the Companion Group or the Non-Sporting Group.

The American Kennel Club does recognize the Russell Terrier, although currently the breed is listed within the Foundation Stock Service (FSS) which is not categorized into the Terrier group.[2] Additionally, the United Kennel Club (UKC)changed the classifications of the different types of Russells starting in 2009. The Jack Russell Terrier prior to this time was really a Parson Russell Terrier (by AKC's standards) with an over 12" and under 12" breed types offered. The traditional Parson Russell Terriers were classified within the over 12" category while the traditional Jack Russell Terriers were classified within the under 12" category. The Russell Terrier, prior to 2009, included the shorter legged and longer backed variations of the breed. When the classifications were changed, the dogs within the Jack Russell Terrier breed that were over 12" tall at the withers were moved into the Parson Russell Terrier breed. Any dog in the Jack Russell Terrier breed at this time (within the UKC) may not be over 12" tall. The Russell Terrier breed has been blended into the Jack Russell Terrier breed within the UKC.[3]

Comparison of Terrier Group breeds of major kennel clubs[edit]

Terrier Group breeds of major kennel clubs[4]
The Kennel Club (UK) Terrier Group Canadian Kennel Club Terrier Dogs Group American Kennel Club Terrier Group Australian National Kennel Council Terrier Dogs Group New Zealand Kennel Club Terrier Group United Kennel Club (US) Terrier Group
Airedale Terrier Airedale Terrier Airedale Terrier Airedale Terrier Airedale Terrier Airedale Terrier
Australian Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier American Hairless Terrier
Bedlington Terrier Australian Terrier Australian Terrier Australian Terrier Australian Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
Border Terrier Bedlington Terrier Bedlington Terrier Bedlington Terrier Bedlington Terrier Australian Terrier
Bull Terrier Border Terrier Border Terrier Border Terrier Border Terrier Austrian Pinscher
Bull Terrier (Miniature) Bull Terrier Bull Terrier Bull Terrier Bull Terrier Bedlington Terrier
Cairn Terrier Bull Terrier (Miniature) Cairn Terrier Bull Terrier (Miniature) Bull Terrier (Miniature) Border Terrier
Cesky Terrier Cairn Terrier Cesky Terrier Cairn Terrier Cairn Terrier Bull Terrier
Dandie Dinmont Terrier Cesky Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Cesky Terrier Cesky Terrier Cairn Terrier
Fox Terrier (Smooth) Dandie Dinmont Terrier Glen of Imaal Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Cesky Terrier
Fox Terrier (Wire) Fox Terrier (Smooth) Irish Terrier Fox Terrier (Smooth) Fox Terrier (Smooth) Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Glen of Imaal Terrier Fox Terrier (Wire) Kerry Blue Terrier Fox Terrier (Wire) Fox Terrier (Wire) Dutch Smoushond
Irish Terrier Irish Terrier Lakeland Terrier German Hunting Terrier German Hunting Terrier German Pinscher
Kerry Blue Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Manchester Terrier Glen Of Imaal Terrier Glen Of Imaal Terrier Glen of Imaal Terrier
Lakeland Terrier Lakeland Terrier Miniature Bull Terrier Irish Terrier Irish Terrier Irish Terrier
Manchester Terrier Manchester Terrier Miniature Schnauzer Jack Russell Terrier Jack Russell Terrier Jagdterrier
Norfolk Terrier Norfolk Terrier Norfolk Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Japanese Terrier
Norwich Terrier Norwich Terrier Norwich Terrier Lakeland Terrier Lakeland Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier
Parson Russell Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Manchester Terrier Manchester Terrier Kromfohrlander
Scottish Terrier Schnauzer (Miniature) Rat Terrier Norfolk-Terrier Norfolk Terrier Lakeland Terrier
Sealyham Terrier Scottish Terrier Russell Terrier Norwich Terrier Norwich Terrier Manchester Terrier
Skye Terrier Sealyham Terrier Scottish Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Miniature Bull Terrier
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier Skye Terrier Sealyham Terrier Scottish Terrier Scottish Terrier Miniature Schnauzer
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier Skye Terrier Sealyham Terrier Sealyham Terrier Norfolk Terrier
Welsh Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Smooth Fox Terrier Skye Terrier Skye Terrier Norwich Terrier
West Highland White Terrier Welsh Terrier Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier Parson Russell Terrier
West Highland White Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Jack Russell Terrier
Welsh Terrier Tenterfield Terrier Tenterfield Terrier Patterdale Terrier
West Highland White Terrier Welsh Terrier Welsh Terrier Rat Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier West Highland White Terrier West Highland White Terrier Russell Terrier
Scottish Terrier
Sealyham Terrier
Silky Terrier
Skye Terrier
Smooth Fox Terrier
Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
Sporting Lucas Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Teddy Roosevelt Terrier
Toy Fox Terrier
Treeing Feist
Welsh Terrier
West Highland White Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier

Terriers by Fédération Cynologique Internationale Sections[edit]

The Fédération Cynologique Internationale breaks down their Terrier and Companion Group (Group 3) into Sections by general dog type; within the sections the dogs are listed by their country or area of origin. Also included in the Sections are variants and colours that have to do with how they are organised during dog shows.

Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognised Terrier breeds are sorted into four sections, shown below (with their identification number.)[5]


Fédération Cynologique Internationale Terrier breeds by Section
Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers
Brazilian terrier.JPG
Jagdterrier-Wikipedia.jpg
Rambo.jpg
341 Brazilian Terrier
(Terrier Brasileiro)
103 Deutscher Jagdterrier 7 Airedale Terrier
Bedlington Terriers.jpg
Border Terrier.jpg
Patrickinfield.jpg
9 Bedlington Terrier 10 Border Terrier 12 Fox Terrier (Smooth)
Foxterrier im Wald (Winter).jpg
Lakeland Terrier.jpg
Mancherster Terrier.jpg
169 Fox Terrier (Wire) 70 Lakeland Terrier 71 Manchester Terrier
Parson Russell Terrier.jpg
Welshterrier.jpg
Adult Glen of Imaal terrier.jpg
339 Parson Russell Terrier 78 Welsh Terrier 302 Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier
Irish terrier sitting.jpg
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier 600.jpg
139 Irish Terrier 3 Kerry Blue Terrier 40 Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Section 2: Small-sized Terriers
Australian Terrier2.jpg
Jack Russell Terrier.jpeg
Cairn-terriers.jpg
8 Australian Terrier 345 Jack Russell Terrier 4 Cairn Terrier
Dandie Dinmont Terrier 600.jpg
Norfolk show.jpg
168 Dandie Dinmont Terrier 272 Norfolk Terrier 72 Norwich Terrier
Scotish terrier burleska 2005.jpg
SealyhamTerrier2.jpg
Skye terrier 800.jpg
73 Scottish Terrier 74 Sealyham Terrier 75 Skye Terrier
West Highland White Terrier.JPG
Missing dog photo.png
Cesky-Terier.jpg
85 West Highland White Terrier 259 Nihon Teria
(Japanese Terrier)
246 Cesky Terrier
Section 3: Bull-type Terriers
Bull terrier 2.jpg
Bulterier i miniatura LM.jpg
11 Bull Terrier 359 Miniature Bull Terrier 76 Staffordshire Bull Terrier
American Staffordshire Terrier.jpg
286 American Staffordshire Terrier
Section 4: Toy Terriers
Silkyterrier125.jpg
English Toy Terrier 600 01.jpg
Yorkshire Terrier WA Mozart Dolce Sinfonia.jpg
236 Australian Silky Terrier 13 English Toy Terrier (Black and Tan) 86 Yorkshire Terrier

Photographs of other terriers, not Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognised, provisionally recognised, or recognised in some Fédération Cynologique Internationale Group other than Terrier are shown below:

Miniature schnauzer blackandsilver.jpg
TenterfieldTerrier.jpg
American Pit Bull Terrier - Seated.jpg
Schnauzer (Miniature) (Group 2, Schnauzer) placed in the Terrier Group by many kennel clubs Tenterfield Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
TagnonPond9-6-03.jpg
Hollandsche smoushonden 2.JPG
Patterdale.JPG
American Hairless Terrier Dutch Smoushond (Group 2, Schnauzer) Patterdale Terrier
Rat Terrier bark.jpg
Great speciman.jpg
Teddyterrier.jpg
Rat Terrier Russell Terrier Teddy Roosevelt Terrier
Czarny terier rosyjski 64.jpg
BostonTerrierBrindleStand w.jpg
DanskSvenskGaardshund (bearbeitete Version).png
Russian Black Terrier (Group 2, Schnauzer) Boston Terrier (Group 9, Toy) Danish Swedish Farmdog (Group 2, Pinscher - provisional)
Missing dog photo.png
Toy-manchester-terrier-weave.png
Tibet Terrier.jpg
Miniature Fox Terrier Toy Manchester Terrier Tibetan Terrier (Group 9, Toy)
Toy Fox Terrier 2.jpg
Pinczer austiacki 675.jpg
RusskiyToyWelpe.jpg
Toy Fox Terrier Austrian Pinscher (Group 2, Pinscher) Russkiy Toy (Group 9, Toy - provisional)

Other clubs[edit]

Most kennel clubs in non-English speaking countries include a Terrier Group.

Terriers are also included in the listings of the enormous and ever-expanding number of specialty registries, minor kennel clubs, dog sports clubs, breed clubs, rare dog registries, and internet based dog clubs and businesses. Each will have its own definition of what breeds belong in their own Terrier Group.

Terriers, especially the smaller breeds, have been used for crossbreeding to create what are called designer dogs, bred either accidentally or to enhance the marketability of puppies, often with cute portmanteau names created from syllables of each breed name. Although there are clubs willing to "register" such designer dogs, they are not breeds of dog. Breeders may call designer dogs terriers but they are not part of the Terrier Group of any major kennel club.

The Jack Russell Terrier is notable in that its primary breed club, the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America, specifically regulates inbreeding and linebreeding to a 16% coefficient of relationship. However, it is still a modern purebred dog breed, descended from known ancestors, and crossbred (with another breed of dog) dogs are not registerable.

See also[edit]

References[edit]