List of designated terrorist organizations
This is a list of designated terrorist organizations by national governments, former governments and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant impact on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism.
This listing does not include states or governmental organizations, which are considered under state terrorism, or unaffiliated individuals accused of terrorism, which are considered under lone wolf terrorism. This list also excludes groups that might be widely considered terrorist, but who are not officially so designated according to the criteria specified above.
- 1 Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments
- 2 Organizations officially designated as terrorist in the past
- 3 Process of designation
- 4 See also
- 5 References
Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments
Organizations officially designated as terrorist in the past
Below is the list of organizations that have officially been designated as terrorist in the past, by the respective parties, but have since been delisted.
|African National Congress||08/1988 to 2008|
|Aum Shinrikyo||? to 2011/07/18|
|United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia||? to 2011/07/18|
|Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine||1997/08/10 to 1999/08/10||? to ?|
|ETA||2006/05/06 to ?|
|Fatah||? to ?|
|Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council||2000/11/16 to 2011|
|Kach and Kahane Chai||? to 2010/07/12|
|Japanese Red Army||1997/10/08 to 2001/10/08|
|Khmer Rouge||1997/10/08 to 1999/10/08|
|Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front||1997/10/08 to 1999/10/08|
|People's Mujahedin of Iran||? to 2012/12||? to 2010||1997/10/08 to 2012/09/28|
|Palestine Liberation Front||? to 2010/07/12|
|Palestine Liberation Organization||1988 to 1991|
|Revolutionary Nuclei||1997/08/10 to 2009/05/18|
|Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement||1997/08/10 to 2001/10/08|
|Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)||? to 2012/09/06|
Process of designation
Since 2002, the Australian Government maintains a Listing of terrorist organizations as per the Security Legislation Amendment (Terrorism) Act 2002. Listing, de-listing and re-listing follows a protocol that mainly involves the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation and the Attorney-General's Department.
Since December 18, 2001, article 83.05 of the Canadian Criminal Code allows the Governor in Council to maintain a list of entities that are engaged in terrorism, facilitating it, or acting on behalf of such an entity.
Entities are reviewed by the Minister and the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, and finally published in the Canada Gazette. The list is also published on the website of Public Safety Canada at http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/prg/ns/le/cle-eng.aspx for reference.
The European Union has two lists of designated terrorist organisations that provide for different sanctions for the two groups.
UN 1267 regime List
Al-Qaida, the Taliban and their associates.
- prohibition of sale or transfer of arms and related materiel.
- the freezing of funds and other financial assets or resources.
- the prevention of entry onto or transit through the territories of Member States.
- a prohibition on provision of technical assistance or training in military matters or in the manufacture or maintenance of arms and related materiel.
The EU provides exceptions to the implementation of relevant asset-freezing sanctions per UN resolution 1452 (2002). Upon request, a competent national authority may determine to release funds on the following grounds if, within the time limit provided for, there has been no objection made, or a release has been explicitly approved, by the UN Sanctions Committee.
- necessary to cover basic expenses, intended for the payment of professional fees for legal services or for the payment of fees or services in relation to the maintenance of frozen funds or assets
- necessary for extraordinary expenses
All other designated organizations.
- the freezing of all funds, other financial assets and economic resources.
- a ban on directly or indirectly making funds, other financial assets and economic resources available.
It is important to note that sanctions are only applicable to EU-external groups regardless of designation. For example, 47 groups are listed as terrorist organizations in the EU but sanctions are only applied to 27 of these. Member States do have an obligation to assist each other in preventing and combating terrorist acts but this is the only action that follows from the designation of an EU-internal organization.
- United Kingdom Government. "Proscribed terrorist groups". Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- Official text of the Terrorism Act 2000 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database
- U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations
- Terror Exclusion List (TEL)
- Executive Order 13224 blocking Terrorist Property and a summary of the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 595 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations), Terrorism List Governments Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 596 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations), and Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations (Title 31 Part 597 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations)
- US Department of the Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control, 'What you need to know about U.S. Sanctions'
- US Department of State Terrorist Designation Lists
- US Department of State Country Reports on Terrorism 2008
- United States Department of State. "Individuals and Entities Designated by the State Department Under E.O. 13224". Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- (Russian) "Единый федеральный список организаций, признанных террористическими Верховным Судом Российской Федерации" [Combined federal list of organizations recognized by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation as teroristic]. Federal Security Service. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
- U.K. List of Proscribed Groups
- U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations
- List of charities accused of ties to terrorism
- Government of India designated terrorist organisations
- List of non-state groups accused of terrorism
- List of criminal enterprises, gangs and syndicates
- "Currently listed entities". 2010-03-05. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- "Proscribed terrorist groups". Home Office. July 20, 2013.
- LIST OF ORGANISATIONS DECLARED AS TERRORIST ORGANISATIONS UNDER THE UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES (PREVENTION) ACT, 1967
- Commission of the European Communities (October 20, 2004). "Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament" (DOC). Archived from the original on June 14, 2007. Retrieved June 11, 2007.
- Terrorist Designations of Ansar al-Dine
- United States Department of State. "Designation of Caucasus Emirate". Retrieved 2011-05-26.
- CNN. "Iran's parliament votes to label CIA, U.S. Army 'terrorist' groups". Retrieved 2013-10-15.
- http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2011/10/175362.htm U.S. Department of State
- "Terrorist Exclusion List". Bureau of Counterterrorism. 2004-12-29. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
- United States Department of State. "Terrorist Designations of the al-Nusrah Front as an Alias for al-Qa'ida in Iraq". Retrieved 2013-06-28.
- Charter of the United Nations (Anti-terrorism — Persons and Entities) List 2001 (No. 2)
- "Proscribed terrorist groups". British Home Office. May 7, 2010.
- 'Shining Path' (Spanish: Sendero Luminoso) is the name given by Peruvian mass media and government sources to the Maoist Communist Party of Peru.
- Robert Windrem. "US government considered Nelson Mandela a terrorist until 2008". NBC News. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
- "US shamed by Mandela terror link". BBC News. 2008-04-10.
- "Mandela taken off US terror list". BBC News. 2008-07-01.
- PDF (43.6 KB) 29 May 2006
- Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism (September 28, 2012). "Foreign Terrorist Organizations". state.gov. U.S. State Department. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Mas, Monique (2009-01-26). "Les " Moudjahidine du Peuple " ne sont plus des terroristes". RFI (in French). Retrieved 2010-03-05.
- "TITLE 22 > CHAPTER 61 > § 5201. Findings; determinations". Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- "Palestine Liberation Organization". mideastconflict.org. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- Protocol Listing terrorist organisations under the Criminal Code
- Kristina Thorne Terrorist designation in the European Union Background paper June 2006