Terry's

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for the West End theatre see Terry's Theatre.
Terry's of York
Traded as Private company
Industry Confectionery
Fate Bought by Kraft General Foods (later Kraft Foods, now belonging to Mondelēz International)
Predecessors Bayldon and Berry confectionery
Successors Terrys Suchard
Founded 1767
Defunct 2005
Headquarters York, England
Number of locations The Chocolate Works, York
Area served Global
Products Terry's Chocolate Orange
Terry's All Gold

Terry's was a chocolate and confectionery maker in York, England. Its history stretched back to 1767, but in 1993 it was taken over by Kraft Foods. The company's headquarters, later renamed The Chocolate Works factory, was closed by Kraft in 2005, and products using the Terry's brand name are now produced in other Kraft facilities in Poland, Sweden, Belgium, and Slovakia. The Terry's name eventually became part of Mondelēz International.

History[edit]

In 1767 as Robert Berry opened a shop close to Bootham Bar, York, selling cough lozenges, lemon and orange candied peel and other sweets.[1] Joined by William Bayldon, the partners renamed the business Bayldon and Berry confectionery.[2]

Born in Pocklington, Joseph Terry came to York to serve as an apprentice apothecary in Stonegate. On gaining his certificates, he set up as a chemist in Walmgate. But after marrying Harriet Atkinson in 1823, he met her elderly uncle Robert Berry. After William Bayldon left the business,[1] Terry agreed to become a partner in the confectionery business, and after closing his chemists shop joined the confectionery business in St Helen's Square, York.[3]

Terry's of York[edit]

In 1825 after the death of Robert Berry,[1] Terry agreed a new partnership with Robert's son George, renaming the business Terry & Berry. In 1828, George left the business and it was renamed Terry's of York.[1] Using his skills as a chemist, Joseph developed new lines of chocolate, confectionery, sugared sweets, candied peel, marmalade and medicated lozenges. He began using the developing railway network of the North Eastern Railway, to distribute his products over the North of England and as far away as London.[3]

Sir Joseph Terry[edit]

Joseph retired in 1850 shortly before his death, handing over the business to his sons Joseph Jnr, Robert and John.[1] Joseph became the driving force, quickly expanded the business, moving production four years later to a leased site at Clementhorpe, beside the River Ouse.[3] The allowed easy shipment of raw product into the new production facility from the Humber estuary, with a steam ship twice a week bringing in ingredients including sugar and cocoa, as well as coal to power the new steam-powered machinery at the renamed Joseph Terry & Sons.[3] The company retained the St Helen's Square premises as a shop and restaurant, and the Terry name is still on the front of the building today.[3]

Terry's Confectionery Works[edit]

Main article: The Chocolate Works
The former Terry's chocolate factory, 2008. Taken from the 4th floor of the Ebor stand at York Racecourse
Grade II listed Art Deco-style Time Office and clock tower, seen from the Bishopthorpe Road, York
The Chocolate Works factory clock tower, with York Racecourse in the background

In 1923, Frank and Noel Terry joined the family business. They revamped the company, launching new products and bought a site off of Bishopthorpe Road, York on which to develop a new factory known as Terry's Confectionery Works. Built in an Art Deco style, the factory included a distinct clock tower.

Opened in 1926, new products including the Chocolate Apple (1926), Terry's Chocolate Orange (1931), and Terry's All Gold were all developed and produced onsite.[1]

Second World War[edit]

With the onset of the Second World War, confectionery production was immediately halted. The factory was taken over by F Hill's and Son's of Manchester as a shadow factory, to manufacture and repair aircraft propeller blades.[1]

Post War[edit]

With the factory handed back to the company post-war, production was difficult due to rationing and limited imports of raw cocoa. As a result, in 1954 production of the chocolate apple was phased out in favour of increased production of the chocolate orange.[1]

The Colgate-Palmolive Company acquired Joseph Terry & Sons Ltd. from Trust House Forte Ltd. in April 1977.

According to a New York Times article on 18 January, 1982, United Biscuits (Holdings) Ltd. acquired Joseph Terry & Sons Ltd., in 1982 from Colgate with Terry's forming the bulk of their confectionery division. After UB ran into financial difficulties in the early 1990s, they sold their entire confectionery division to Kraft Foods, who amalgamated it with Jacobs Suchard to create Terry's Suchard.[4]

From 2000, the company brand was changed from Terry's of York to simply Terry's, reducing the company's links to the city. Production was also scaled back, with just UK products and Terry's Chocolate Orange, Terry's All Gold and Twilight made for the international market.[5]

In 2012, Kraft split into 2 companies: one called the Kraft Foods Group and the other as Mondelēz International. As part of the split, Terry's became part of Mondelēz.

Closure[edit]

In 2004, Kraft Foods decided to absorb Terry's, move production of remaining products such as All Gold and Chocolate Orange out of the UK to factories in Belgium, Sweden, Poland and Slovakia, and close the plant.[5] The factory closed on 30 September 2005, with the loss of 317 jobs.[4]

The factory was bought by developers Grantside, renamed The Chocolate Works, and in February 2010 planning permission was given for a £165 million redevelopment of the site as a mixed-use of residential, commercial and leisure.[6] Redevelopment started in 2011, with removal of asbestos, followed by demolition of non-scheduled buildings in early 2012.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Chocolate Works". NeolithicSea.co.uk. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "End of an era in York". BBC News. 30 September 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Joseph Terry & Sons: Chocolate Manufacturers". History of York. 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2008. 
  4. ^ a b "End of era as Terry's site closes". BBC News. 30 September 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Terry's plans to close York site". BBC News. 19 April 2004. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Terry's site". City of York Council. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Terry's chocolate factory in York starts to be demolished". BBC News. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2012.