Terry Branstad

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Terry Branstad
Picture of Terry Branstad as the 42nd Governor of Iowa
Iowa Governor Terry Branstad speaking in Des Moines, Iowa on April 1, 2011
42nd Governor of Iowa
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 14, 2011
Lieutenant Kim Reynolds
Preceded by Chet Culver
39th Governor of Iowa
In office
January 14, 1983 – January 15, 1999
Lieutenant Robert Anderson
Jo Ann Zimmerman
Joy Corning
Preceded by Robert Ray
Succeeded by Tom Vilsack
41st Lieutenant Governor of Iowa
In office
January 12, 1979 – January 14, 1983
Governor Robert Ray
Preceded by Arthur A. Neu
Succeeded by Robert Anderson
Personal details
Born Terry Edward Branstad
(1946-11-17) November 17, 1946 (age 67)
Leland, Iowa, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Chris Branstad
Residence Terrace Hill (official)
Boone, Iowa (personal)
Alma mater University of Iowa
Drake University
Religion Roman Catholicism[1]
Military service
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1969–1971
Awards Army Commendation Medal

Terry Edward Branstad (born November 17, 1946) is an American politician who is the 42nd Governor of Iowa, in office since January 2011. Branstad was also the 39th Governor of Iowa from 1983 to 1999, and he was President of Des Moines University from 2003 to 2009. He is a member of the Republican Party. Branstad is the longest-serving governor in Iowa history, and the second-longest serving governor in U.S. history.[2]

In his 2010 political comeback, Branstad won a three-way primary election for the Republican nomination to run for governor in the general election. He faced incumbent Governor Chet Culver, a Democrat, and four third party candidates on November 2, 2010.[3] He won the general election in November, defeating Culver by 52.9% to 43.1%.[4]

Branstad entered the 2010 race as the front runner for both the primary and general elections. Independent polling in 2009 indicated that his approval ratings hovered in the 70% range.[5] He was widely seen as the front runner for the Republican nomination, and had wide leads in aggregate polling against the scandal-ravaged Governor Culver.[6][7][8] He won the Republican primary with 50.4% of the popular vote, 9.5 percentage points ahead of his nearest competitor.

On January 15, 2014, Branstad officially launched his re-election campaign for what would be an unprecedented sixth four-year term as Iowa governor, which would also make him the longest-serving governor in U.S. history (breaking the record held by George Clinton of New York, who served 21 years from 1777 to 1795, and from 1801 to 1804).

Early life[edit]

Born to a Norwegian American Lutheran farming family in Leland, Iowa, Branstad received his undergraduate degree from the University of Iowa and his law degree from Drake University Law School.[9] After getting his undergraduate degree, he was drafted and served in the United States Army from 1969 to 1971, serving as an MP (Military Police), and was awarded the Army Commendation Medal for meritorious service; he once recalled that he arrested actress Jane Fonda for coming onto post at Arlington National Cemetery, where she was planning to attend an anti-war protest.[10][11][12][13] In 1989, he was named an honorary member of Alpha Gamma Rho Fraternity at Iowa State University.

Early political career[edit]

Branstad served three terms in the Iowa House of Representatives from 1973 to 1979 and served as the 41st Lieutenant Governor of Iowa from 1979 to 1983, when he was elected Governor of Iowa.[9]

Governor of Iowa (1983–1999)[edit]

Branstad attends the recommissioning ceremony for the USS Iowa, April 28, 1984.

When elected governor at age 36, Branstad was the youngest chief executive in Iowa's history and when he left office, was Iowa's longest-serving governor. He served as Chair of the National Governors Association during 1989–1990, and was Chair of the Midwestern Governors Association. In 1997, he chaired the Education Commission of the States, the Republican Governors Association, and the Governors' Ethanol Coalition.

In 1983, he vetoed a bill that would allow a state lottery.[14] In 1991, Branstad ignored binding arbitration with employees of the State of Iowa's labor unions by vetoing a salary bill, was taken to court, and lost later in appeals in the state court system (AFSCME Iowa Council 61 et al., v. Branstad).

Iowa’s unemployment rate went from 8.5% when he took office to a record low 2.5% by the time he left office in 1999. In his first year as governor, the state budget had a $90 million deficit.[15] It took several years until the budget was balanced. He claimed that he did not have enough support in the legislature to approve budget reforms until 1992. By 1999, Iowa had an unprecedented $900 million budget surplus.[16][17]

Post-gubernatorial career[edit]

Branstad focused most of his efforts on endeavors outside of politics when he left office at the beginning of 1999. He founded Branstad and Associates, LLC and was also a partner in the firm of Kaufman, Pattee, Branstad & Miller, and a financial advisor for Robert W. Baird and Co.

In August 2003, Branstad accepted an offer from Des Moines University[18] to become its president. On October 16, 2009, he announced his retirement from Des Moines University in order to run again for governor.[19]

Branstad was appointed by President George W. Bush to chair the President's Commission for Excellence in Special Education.[20] The commission was charged with developing a plan to improve the educational performance of students with disabilities. After completing his work with the commission in 2003, he was asked to serve as a member of the National Advisory Council for Positive Action for Teen Health, or PATH. The advisory council encourages action toward detecting adolescent mental illness. In April 2003, he was named to serve as a public member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, which comprises both professional and public members who address such issues as student recruitment and professional ethics for CPAs.[citation needed]

Branstad serves on the boards of, among others, Conmed Health Management Inc[dead link], American Future Fund, the Iowa Health System, Liberty Bank, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants,[21] and Living History Farms.

Governor of Iowa (2011–present)[edit]

Branstad's 2010 campaign logo

On August 2, 2009, the Des Moines Register reported that Branstad was actively considering running for the Republican nomination for governor. On October 7, 2009, Branstad filed papers to run for governor in the 2010 election.[22] According to a poll conducted in September 2009 by The Des Moines Register, he maintained a 70% favorability rating from Iowans compared to Governor Chet Culver's rating of 50%.[23]

On June 8, 2010, Branstad won the Republican gubernatorial nomination,[24] but when opposing candidate Bob Vander Plaats conceded, he did not endorse Branstad.[25]

The Des Moines Tea Party gave Branstad a "no" on their report card on "criteria for acceptance" and said Branstad had "a history of raising taxes, [was] not a true conservative, and increased the size of government every year he held office, [and] built a state-owned phone company."[26][27][28][29] Branstad was accused by former Iowa State Auditor Richard Johnson of keeping "two sets of books" on the state budget when he was governor. Johnson said Branstad needed to be "transparent" to Iowa voters about the reporting of Iowa's finances during his tenure as governor.[30] Branstad came at odds with transparency again, when he signed a bill into law that made it illegal to carry out undercover investigations that expose animal cruelty in farming factories.[31]

Electoral history[edit]

  • 1982 election for Governor of Iowa:
1982 General Election:[32]
  • 1986 election for Governor of Iowa:
1986 General Election:[33]
  • Terry Branstad (R), 51.9%
  • Lowell Junkins (D), 48.0%
  • 1990 election for Governor of Iowa:
1990 General Election:[34]
  • Terry Branstad (R), 60.6%
  • Donald Avenson (D), 38.8%
Republican Primary [35]
1994 General Election:[36]
Republican Primary [37]
2010 General Election:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lucey, Catherine (June 7, 2013). "Terry Branstad May Need To Approve Medicaid Abortion Funding". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Branstad's stand questioned". Omaha.com. 2009-12-06. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  3. ^ "Candidate Listing by Office, November 2, 2010 General Election" (PDF). Iowa Secretary of State's Office. August 3, 2010. Retrieved October 19, 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b "2010 Gubernatorial General Election Results-Iowa". 
  5. ^ "Culver rating slips; poll gives Branstad positive signs". Des Moines Register. 2009-09-19. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  6. ^ "Politics Nation". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  7. ^ Beaumont, Thomas (February 13, 2010). "Iowa Poll: Culver rating falls, even among base". The Des Moines Register. Gannett Company. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  8. ^ Slevin, Peter (March 8, 2010). "Iowa governor faces tough reelection as another state sours on incumbents". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "Governor Terry E. Branstad (IA)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Gov. Terry Branstad". Togovern.com. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Executive Branch Elected Officials" (PDF). Iowa Official Register. Government of Iowa. p. 3. Retrieved November 2, 2013. "[...] Served in the United States Army as a military policeman 1969-1971, earning rank as Sergeant E-5. [...]" 
  12. ^ "1983-1999, 2011- Terry Branstad". Iowa Heritage Digital Collections. State Library of Iowa. Retrieved November 2, 2013. "[...] Following two years in the U.S. Army, where he was awarded the Army Commendation Medal, Branstad earned his J.D. degree from the Drake University Law School. [...]" 
  13. ^ "Terry Branstad (R) > Background". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). July 23, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2013. "[...] After college, Branstad served in the Army for two years and received the Army Commendation Medal. [...]" 
  14. ^ "The Daily Reporter". News.google.com. 1983-06-01. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  15. ^ "The Daily Reporter - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  16. ^ "About the Governor ★ Governor Branstad". Governor.iowa.gov. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  17. ^ "Fact Check: Culver and Branstad turn hostile over budget records". Iowa Independent. 2010-01-21. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  18. ^ "President Angela Franklin". Dmu.edu. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  19. ^ "Des Moines University President Terry Branstad retires - DMU News & Events". Dmu.edu. 2009-10-16. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  20. ^ "Archived: Governor Terry Branstad of Iowa -- Chair of the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education". President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education. United States Department of Education. December 13, 2001. Archived from the original on August 4, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  21. ^ "2009-2010 AICPA Board of Directors". Aicpa.org. 2006-09-18. Retrieved 2010-08-29. [dead link]
  22. ^ "Branstad Files Paperwork for Gubernatorial Run". Theiowarepublican.com. 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  23. ^ Beaumont, Thomas (September 19, 2009). "Culver rating slips; poll gives Branstad positive signs". Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 15, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Republicans Nominate Branstad for Iowa Governor". KCRG.com. June 8, 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2010. 
  25. ^ "The new Vander Plaats question: Will he back Branstad?", blog post by Reid Forgrave, The Des Moines Register, June 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-09.
  26. ^ Obradovich, Kathie (June 2, 2010). "DM Tea Party scorecard: ‘No’ to Branstad, Roberts". Des Moines Register. Gannett Company. Retrieved November 2, 2013. "[...] About Branstad, the group says, among other things, 'History of raising taxes, not a true conservative, increased the size of government each year he held office, built a state-owned phone company.' [...]" 
  27. ^ "Des Moines Tea Party's Candidate Report Card" (PDF). Des Moines Register. Gannett Company. June 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Des Moines Tea Party Credibility Questioned Following Candidate Report Card". Theiowarepublican.com. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  29. ^ "Home - The Des Moines Tea Party". The Des Moines Tea Party. April 15, 2009. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  30. ^ Clayworth, Jason (June 12, 2010). "Accounting controversy still dogs Branstad" (Abstract). The Des Moines Register. Des Moines, Iowa: Gannett Company. p. A.1. Archived from the original on 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  31. ^ Galli, Cindy; Ross, Brian (February 5, 2013). "Turn Off that Camera! Animal Cruelty Exposés Being Blocked". ABC News. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Election Results > US Gubernatorial Elections, 1982 statistics - states compared - StateMaster". www.statemaster.com. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  33. ^ "Iowa Legislature Heritage : Compound Object Viewer". contentdm.legis.state.ia.us. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  34. ^ "1990 Gubernatorial General Election Results - Iowa". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  35. ^ "Iowa Legislature Heritage : Compound Object Viewer". contentdm.legis.state.ia.us. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  36. ^ "1994 Gubernatorial General Election Results - Iowa". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  37. ^ "Iowa Primary Election Results 2010". The Des Moines Register. Gannett Company. Retrieved 2010-06-09. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur A. Neu
Lieutenant Governor of Iowa
1979–1983
Succeeded by
Robert Anderson
Preceded by
Robert Ray
Governor of Iowa
1983–1999
Succeeded by
Tom Vilsack
Preceded by
Gerald Baliles
Chairperson of the National Governors Association
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Booth Gardner
Preceded by
Chet Culver
Governor of Iowa
2011–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Robert Ray
Republican nominee for Governor of Iowa
1982, 1986, 1990, 1994
Succeeded by
Jim Lightfoot
Preceded by
Jim Nussle
Republican nominee for Governor of Iowa
2010, 2014
Most recent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Joe Biden
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Iowa
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise John Boehner
as Speaker of the House of Representatives
Preceded by
Rick Perry
as Governor of Texas
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Iowa
Succeeded by
Scott Walker
as Governor of Wisconsin