Terry Jones (pastor)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Terry Jones
Pastor Terry Jones before the March.jpg
Jones in March 2011
Born October 1951 (age 62)
Cape Girardeau, Missouri, US
Residence Gainesville, Florida, US
Nationality American
Education High school degree, two years of college
Alma mater Central High School, Cape Girardeau, Missouri, Southeast Missouri State University
Occupation Pastor
Years active 1981-present
Organization Dove World Outreach Center
Known for Qur'an burning
Home town Cape Girardeau, Missouri
Political party
Independent
Religion Nondenominational Christianity
Spouse(s) Sylvia
Awards Honorary degree from California Graduate School of Theology

Terry Jones (born October 1951) is the pastor of Dove World Outreach Center, a small nondenominational Christian church located, until July 2013, in Gainesville, Florida.[1][2] He is the President of a political group, Stand Up America Now.[3] He first gained national and international attention in 2010 for his plan to burn Qur'ans, the scripture of the Islamic religion, on the ninth anniversary of the September 11 attacks.

He was a self-declared independent presidential candidate in the 2012 U.S. Presidential election, and is listed as a candidate for the 2016 U.S. Presidential election.[4]

In 2011, he was listed by the Southern Poverty Law Center as one of 10 people in the United States' "Anti-Muslim Inner Circle".[5]

Biography

Early life and education

Jones, a native of Cape Girardeau, Missouri,[6] graduated from Cape Girardeau's Central High School in 1969.[7][8] He then attended Southeast Missouri State University for two years. Jones received no academic degree in theology but was given an honorary degree from the unaccredited California Graduate School of Theology in 1983, which sought to disassociate itself from him during the 2010 Qur'an burning controversy.[6][9]

Career

Jones worked as an assistant hotel manager in the late 1970s, then became an assistant pastor with Maranatha Campus Ministries in Kentucky.[6][10][1] He went to Cologne, Germany with his first wife to work as a missionary[6] and founded and led the Christliche Gemeinde Köln (CGK) in 1981, with that church growing to as many as 1,000 members over the years.[11] initially as a branch of the Maranatha Campus Ministries and a sister church to Dove World Outreach Center of Gainesville, Florida.

On September 18, 1997, Jones spoke during the First Session of the 105th Congress at a hearing before the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe in Washington D.C., concerning the religious persecution of Christians in Europe.[12]

While living in Germany, Jones was fined $3800 by a Cologne court for using the "doctor" title awarded with an honorary degree from an unaccredited school.[13] Jones appealed the German government's ruling and later won the right to use the title there.[14]

According to the German Evangelical Alliance, Jones was released from the leadership of the Christliche Gemeinde Köln in 2008 due to his indefensible theological statements and his craving for attention.[15] The Gainesville Sun reported that he left the church in Germany after being accused of fraud.[6] A leader of the Cologne church said that Jones "didn't project the biblical values and Christianity, but always made himself the center of everything."[this quote needs a citation] German press agency Deutsche Presse-Agentur reported that church members said Jones ran the Cologne church like a sect leader and used psychological pressure on members, “subordinating all activities to his will.”[16] Der Spiegel reported that Jones had been ejected by Cologne church for creating "a climate of control and fear."[17][18] Following Jones' departure, the CGK closed, then reopened under new, independent, leadership.

Jones came to lead the Dove World Outreach Center in Gainesville, Florida church by way of his association with the Maranatha Campus Ministries.[9]

In October 2010, Jones founded the political organization, Stand Up America Now.[19][20]

On October 27, 2011, Jones announced that he was running for President of the United States,[21][22] as an independent candidate, with no political party affiliation.[23] He remarked that he was entering the race because none of the candidates were adequately communicating the dire state of the U.S. economy to the U.S. citizenry.[24] His platform calls for the deportation of all illegal immigrants, withdrawal of American troops abroad, and a reduction in bureaucracy and corporate tax rates.[25]

In March 2013, Florida media sources reported that Jones, with Dove World Outreach Center, and the organization Stand Up America Now plan to leave Gainesville, Florida and move to Tampa, Florida.[26][27][28] In August 2013, the Bradenton Herald reported that the Pastor had purchased property near Bradenton and planned to move his ministry there. [29]

Personal life

His first wife, Lisa Jones, died in 1996,[7] after which he married Sylvia Jones, with whom he runs TS and Company.[9] His daughter from his first marriage, Emma, has distanced herself from his beliefs and practices.[30]

Controversies

Qur'an burning controversies

Jones and his followers at a march in Washington DC.

Jones believes Islam promotes violence and that Muslims want to impose sharia law in the United States.[1] He authored a book titled, Islam Is of the Devil,[1] but did not become widely known until after announcing plans to burn copies of the Qur'an.[31]

In July 2009, Dove World Outreach Center posted a sign on its lawn which stated in large red letters "Islam is of the Devil," resulting in objections from the community and media attention.[32] Students from the church attended area schools in August 2009 wearing t-shirts with "Islam is of the Devil" printed on the back, for which they were sent home.[33]

The plan to burn Qurans was first announced on Twitter on July 12, 2010, and was promoted on Facebook and on YouTube.[34] National and International discussion, objections and protests contributed to extensive media coverage.[35][36][37]

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said, "It's regrettable that a pastor in Gainesville, Florida with a church of no more than fifty people can make this outrageous and distressful, disgraceful plan and get, you know, the world's attention."[38]

The commander of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, General David Petraeus said, "It is precisely the kind of action the Taliban uses and could cause significant problems. Not just here, but everywhere in the world we are engaged with the Islamic community." The pastor responded to Petraeus' statement that, "We understand the General's concerns. We are sure that his concerns are legitimate. [Nonetheless] [w]e must send a clear message to the radical element of Islam. We will no longer be controlled and dominated by their fears and threats."[39][40][41]

President Barack Obama was asked on September 9, 2010, on ABC's "Good Morning America" about the Quran burning controversy. He said, "You could have serious violence in places like Pakistan or Afghanistan. This could increase the recruitment of individuals who would be willing to blow themselves up in American cities or European cities." He said, "I just want him to understand that this stunt that he is talking about pulling could greatly endanger our young men and women in uniform who are in Iraq, who are in Afghanistan. We're already seeing protests against Americans just by the mere threat that he's making." "I just hope he understands that what he is proposing to do is completely contrary to our values as Americans, that this country has been built on the notions of religious freedom and religious tolerance," Obama said. "He says he's someone who is motivated by his faith ... I hope he listens to those better angels and understands that this is a destructive act that he's engaging in.” Asked if the event could be stopped, Obama replied, "My understanding is that he can be cited for public burning … but that's the extent of the laws that we have available to us."[42]

US Secretary of Defense Robert Gates called Jones asking him not to go through with his Quran burning.[43]

Later on September 9, Jones announced the cancellation of the event and a plan to fly to New York to meet with the Imam of Park51, Feisal Abdul Rauf. Jones alleged that Imam Muhammad Musri, the president of the Islamic Society of Central Florida, had arranged the meeting and that a promise had been given him to move the Park 51 mosque in exchange for the event cancellation. This claim was denied by both Imams.[44][43]

Jones was invited to an English Defence League rally in Luton in February 2011 to share his views on Islamic extremism. Anti-fascist group Hope not Hate successfully petitioned the Home Secretary to have Jones banned from entering the UK.[45][46]

On March 21, 2011, Jones and some supporters held a mock trial of the Qu'ran and set a copy on fire as a "punishment" for “crimes against humanity.” Jones was assisted by Ahmed Abaza, an Egyptian ex-Muslim, and a Texas Imam, Mohamed El Hassan who argued for and against the accusations. Reaction to the event resulted in riots and deaths in Afghanistan.[47][48][48]

Terry Jones has received hundreds of death threats, including US$2.2 Million bounty on his head from the Islamist group Jamaat-ud-Dawah.[49][50][51]

On April 28, 2012, Jones burned a copy of the Qur'an, protesting the imprisonment of an Iranian-American Pastor, Saeed Abedini in Iran.[52] Jones was fined $271 by Gainesville Fire Rescue for burning books without authorization. An Iranian cleric called for Jones to be executed.[53][54]

In April 2013, Jones announced plans for a Qu'ran burning event to be held on September 11, 2013.[55][27][56] In Iran, Pakistan, and at an Interfaith Conference in Vienna there have been calls for the United States government to stop this event.[57][58][59] Army General Lloyd Austin III, commander of US Central Command called Jones on September 9, 2013, to ask him cancel the event, however Jones declined.[60] Police arrested Jones on September 11, 2013, before he could burn 2,998 Korans soaked with kerosene at a park in Polk County, Florida. He was charged with unlawfully conveying fuel and openly carrying a firearm.[61]

Dearborn

Terry Jones planned to protest in April 2011 outside the Islamic Center of America. On the day he was to attend the protest, local authorities questioned him in Court, required him either to post a $45,000 "peace bond" to cover Dearborn's cost if Jones was attacked by extremists or to go to trial. Jones contested that requirement, and the jury voted on April 22 to require the posting of a $1 "peace bond", but Jones and his co-pastor Wayne Sapp continued to refuse to pay. They were held briefly in jail, while claiming violation of First Amendment rights. That night Jones was released by the court.[62] The ACLU had filed an amicus brief in support of Jones's protest plans.[63]

A week later, on April 29, Jones led a rally at the Dearborn City Hall, designated as a free speech zone. Riot police were called out to control counter protesters.[64][65][66]

On November 11, 2011, Wayne County Circuit Court Judge Robert Ziolkowski vacated the “breach of peace” ruling against Terry Jones and Wayne Sapp on the grounds that they were denied due process.[67]

Terry Jones led a rally at City Hall and then planned to speak at the annual Arab Festival on June 18, 2011, but on his way there he was blocked by protesters, six of whom were arrested. Police said they did not have enough officers present to maintain safety.[68]

On April 7, 2012 Terry Jones led a protest in front of the Islamic Center of America, Dearborn, speaking about Islam and Free Speech. The mosque was placed on lock down. 30 police cars were there to block traffic and prevent a counter protest.[69]

Jones returned to Dearborn in October 2012 and led a small protest against alleged "Muslim bullying of non-Muslims" outside Edsel Ford High School.[70] School officials denied there was a problem.[71]

Terry Jones and his organization Stand Up America Now won a victory in court on August 30, 2013 over the City of Dearborn and its Chief of Police, Ronald Haddad. Judge Denise Page Hood wrote, "The Court finds that Plaintiffs are entitled to summary judgment as to their claim that Ord. No. 17-33, requiring Plaintiffs to sign an indemnification agreement, is a violation of their First Amendment rights of Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Expressive Association. The related ordinance, Ord. No. 17-28(d), requiring the chief of police to grant a special events permit only after an indemnification agreement is signed, also violates Plaintiffs’ First Amendment rights." Judge Hood concluded that both ordinances were unconstitutional. [72]

Canada

On October 11, 2012, Jones was denied entry to Canada, where he was scheduled to attend a debate on free speech, because of a previous legal infraction in Detroit, Michigan, and because the German government had issued a complaint against him.[73][74] The Detroit charge was challenged and overturned in November 2011.[75][76]

Obama effigy

In 2012 Jones hanged an effigy of Barack Obama in the front yard of the Dove World Outreach Center.[77] Another effigy of Barack Obama was burned along with an effigy of Bill Clinton in January 2013.[78]

Innocence of Muslims film

In September 2012, it was reported by The Atlantic that Terry Jones was involved in the promotion of a movie vilifying Islam, titled Innocence of Muslims.[79] The movie led to protests in Egypt, Yemen, Tunisia and Libya.[80] In Cairo, protesters breached the wall of the U.S. Embassy and burned the flag.[81] The U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, was largely burnt and looted;[82][83] killing Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and three other American citizens.[84] Jones screened the film for his followers on September 11, 2012, a day he dubbed, "International Judge Mohammad Day".[84]

In November 2012, an Egyptian court convicted Jones in absentia and sentenced him to death on charges linked to the anti-Islam film along with 7 Egyptian Coptic Christians.[85]

In December 2012, Belgium raised its terror alert before the release of another anti-Islam movie with connections to Jones.[86]

Death Threats

Since July 2009, Jones and his church have received hundreds of death threats by phone and mail, while some have been published on websites overseas. [87][88][89] In March 2011 it was reported that Jamaat-ud-Dawah, a radical Islamist group in Pakistan, issued a US$2.2 million fatwa calling for the death of Jones.[90]

Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula featured Jones on a 'Wanted Dead' poster in its tenth edition of Inspire Magazine in March 2013.[91][92][93]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Goldman, Russell (September 7, 2010). "Who Is Terry Jones? Pastor Behind 'Burn a Koran Day': Controversial Florida Pastor Preaches 'Islam Is of the Devil'". ABC News. 
  2. ^ http://www.gainesville.com/article/20130715/ARTICLES/130719783?tc=ar
  3. ^ http://www.standupamericanow.org/
  4. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_2016
  5. ^ The Anti-Muslim Inner Circle, Intelligence Report, Summer 2011, Issue Number: 142
  6. ^ a b c d e Chad Smith and Kimberly C. Moore (September 11, 2010). "A whirlwind of attention later, Dove World's pastor remains on the fringe". The Gainesville Sun. Retrieved September 12, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Frankel, Todd (September 10, 2010). ""Quran-burning" Fla. pastor is Cape Girardeau native, ex-classmate of Rush Limbaugh". Saint Louis Post-Dispatch. 
  8. ^ He was in the same class as Rush Limbaugh.
  9. ^ a b c Gibson, David (September 8, 2010). "Who Is Pastor Terry Jones, and Why Is He Burning to Torch the Koran?". Political News Daily. 
  10. ^ Alfono, Sean (September 8, 2010). "Pastor Terry Jones says Jesus Christ would burn Korans, will go ahead with controversial 9/11 event". New York Daily News. 
  11. ^ Kate Connolly in Berlin (September 9, 2010). "German church disowns Terry Jones, Qur'an-burning American preacher". London: The Guardian (UK). Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  12. ^ Religious Discrimination in Europe - C-SPAN Video Library
  13. ^ Rachel Zoll (September 8, 2010). "Pastor on Fringe of US Christian Life". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. 
  14. ^ "Koran-burning pastor Terry Jones barred from entering Canada over a fine he got in Germany 20 years ago for misusing the title 'doctor'". Daily Mail (London). 
  15. ^ "German Evangelical Alliance distanced themselves from the burning of a Koran" (in German). 
  16. ^ Niels Sorrells and Quaran Buring (September 8, 2010). "Pastor’s Former German Church Denounces Him". Religion News Service. 
  17. ^ Musharbash, Yassin; Dominik Peters (September 8, 2010). "Islamophobe's Past in Germany: Terry Jones Accused of 'Spiritual Abuse' at Cologne Church". Der Spiegel. 
  18. ^ Daily Mail Reporter (September 10, 2010). "How pastor Terry Jones was expelled from a church in Germany for creating 'a climate of control and fear'". London: Daily Mail. 
  19. ^ Few show up to hear controversial pastor Terry Jones in Tampa | wtsp.com
  20. ^ Home | Stand Up America
  21. ^ Shellnutt, Kate (October 27, 2011). "Quran-burning pastor announces presidential run". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  22. ^ Goldman, Russell (October 27, 2011). "‘Burn a Quran’ Pastor Terry Jones Sets Sights on White House but He’ll Settle for Herman Cain". ABC News. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  23. ^ His filing as a candidate with the Federal Election Commission filing lists "NPA" as his party."Statement of Candidacy of Jones, Terry Dr.". FEC. November 1, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  24. ^ Weinstein, Jamie (November 2, 2011). "Quran-burning pastor says he’s not as smart as Herman Cain, but seriously entering presidential race". The Daily Caller. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  25. ^ Shahid, Aliyah (October 27, 2011). "Terry Jones, Florida pastor who oversaw Koran burning: I am running for President in 2012". Daily News (New York). Retrieved September 12, 2012. 
  26. ^ Pastor Terry Jones, of Dove World Outreach and Koran-burning infamy, to leave Gainesville | WUFT News
  27. ^ a b Controversial Gainesville pastor Doctor Terry Jones, known for burning Qurans, moving church to Bay area | wtsp.com
  28. ^ City Plan Board Grants Church Permit to Buy Dove World Outreach's Land | WCJB TV-20
  29. ^ http://www.bradenton.com/2013/08/23/4678390/koran-burning-pastor-moving-church.html
  30. ^ Musharbash, Yassin (September 10, 2010). "Interview with Pastor Jones’ daughter: 'Papa, don’t do it'. (translated from German)". Spiegel Online International. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 
  31. ^ Cave, Damien (August 25, 2010). "Far From Ground Zero, Obscure Pastor Is Ignored No Longer". New York Times. 
  32. ^ Those behind a sign posted in front of their northwest Gainesville church, proclaiming in red letters "Islam is of the devil," say it's a way to express their religious belief...
  33. ^ More children from Dove World Outreach Center sent home for wearing "Islam is of the Devil" shirts | Gainesville.com
  34. ^ Gerhart, Ann; Londoño, Ernesto (September 11, 2010). "Pastor Terry Jones's Koran-burning threat started with a tweet". The Washington Post. 
  35. ^ Local leaders in Gainesville are forming response to Quran burning | Gainesville.com
  36. ^ "International Protests Begin Ahead of Sept. 11 Koran Burning Event in Florida". Fox News. August 27, 2010. 
  37. ^ Indonesian Muslims Protest Plans to Burn Koran on September 11
  38. ^ "Hillary Clinton, Joe Lieberman Denounce Florida Pastor's Planned Quran Burning Event - Political Hotsheet - CBS News". [dead link]
  39. ^ "Petraeus Condemns U.S. Church's Plan to Burn Qurans - WSJ.com". The Wall Street Journal. 
  40. ^ "Afghans Attack NATO Base in Quran Burning Protest - World Watch - CBS News". [dead link]
  41. ^ "Protests against US Koran-burning sweep Afghanistan". BBC News. September 10, 2010. 
  42. ^ "Obama says planned Koran burning is boosting Qaeda". Reuters. September 9, 2010. 
  43. ^ a b "Robert Gates Urged Terry Jones to Call Off Koran Burning - Political Hotsheet - CBS News". [dead link]
  44. ^ "Florida Pastor Says Koran-Burning Will Not Happen". Fox News. September 10, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Koran-protest pastor Terry Jones invited to UK rally". BBC News. December 12, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
  46. ^ "Koran-protest US pastor Terry Jones excluded from UK". BBC News. December 19, 2011. 
  47. ^ "Florida preacher burns Koran in bizarre 'trial and execution' in front of a crowd of ... 30 people". Daily Mail (London). 
  48. ^ a b Hirschfield, Brad. "How Terry Jones ‘put the Koran on trial’ - Under God - The Washington Post". The Washington Post. 
  49. ^ JuD announces Rs10 crore reward for killing US pastor Terry Jones - World - DNA
  50. ^ Pastor Terry Jones Receives Death Threats After Koran Burning - ABC News
  51. ^ Anti-Islam Minister Terry Jones Says He Feels No Responsibility for U.S. Ambassador’s Death - The Daily Beast
  52. ^ The Qu'ran Has No Power; the April 28th Terry Jones Koran Burn Event and Reactions | Stand Up America
  53. ^ "Florida pastor burns Islam's holy book". PressTV.com. April 30, 2012. 
  54. ^ WebCite query result
  55. ^ Koran Burning In Tampa?
  56. ^ Pastor Terry Jones plans mass Koran burnings to mark 9/11 - Washington Times
  57. ^ PressTV - West must stop US pastor's anti-Islam move: Iran MP
  58. ^ Protest against planning to burn Holy Quran copies
  59. ^ Pakistan Ulema Council calls for interfaith dialogue - PakTribune
  60. ^ http://tbo.com/news/breaking-news/rev-jones-arrested-on-way-to-burn-qurans-in-polk-county-20130911/
  61. ^ Lush, Tamara (2013-09-11). "Florida Pastor Arrested Before He Could Burn Qurans". The Associated Press. Retrieved 2013-09-11. 
  62. ^ "Jones Released from Jail After Paying 'Peace Bond'". WJBK (Dearborn). 2011-04-22. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  63. ^ "Terry Jones Amicus Brief", ACLU Michigan Website, accessed 1 September 2011
  64. ^ Crowds Bust Barricades At Pastor's Speech In Dearborn | News - Home
  65. ^ Riot Police Respond as Counter-Protesters Storm Terry Jones' Demonstration - Police & Fire - Dearborn, MI Patch
  66. ^ Riot police were called in Friday evening after Gainesville pastor Terry Jones taunted protesters here, prompting the protesters to rush past a police barricade and begin thro...
  67. ^ Wattrick, Jeff (November 11, 2011). "Judge vacates 'breach of peace' judgement against Terry Jones". MLive.com. Retrieved November 3, 2012. 
  68. ^ 6 Arrested as Mob Rushes Terry Jones on Way to Arab Festival in Dearborn - Top News - Dearborn, MI Patch
  69. ^ "Most Popular E-mail Newsletter". USA Today. April 7, 2012. 
  70. ^ Terry Jones anti-Islam rally in Dearborn draws more media than protesters, school official says | MLive.com
  71. ^ The Arab American News - Normal day at Edsel Ford despite Terry Jones distraction
  72. ^ http://www.thomasmore.org/sites/default/files/files/Order-Opinion%20Granting%20Summary%20Judgment%281%29.pdf
  73. ^ Blinch, Russ (October 11, 2012). "Koran-burning U.S. pastor barred from entering Canada for debate". Reuters. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  74. ^ Koran-burning pastor Terry Jones barred from Canada for anti-Muslim film debate by Stewart Bell, National Post, October 11, 2012.
  75. ^ Knafo, Saki (April 23, 2011). "Quran-Burning Pastor's Jailing Raises First Amendment Questions". Huffington Post. 
  76. ^ Victory for Pastor Jones; Court Rules that Pastor’s Constitutional Rights Were Violated by “Peace Bond� Trial | Thomas More Law Center
  77. ^ "Koran-Hating Pastor Hangs Barack Obama In Effigy In Florida Church's Front Yard". The Smoking Gun. June 8, 2012. 
  78. ^ Wong, Curtis M. (January 28, 2013). "WATCH: Pastor Responds To Obama's Embrace Of 'Gay-Lesbian Agenda' By Burning Effigy". Huffington Post. 
  79. ^ Fisher, Max (September 11, 2012). "The Movie So Offensive That Egyptians Just Stormed the U.S. Embassy Over It". (includes clips from movie) (The Atlantic). Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  80. ^ Egypt issues arrest warrants for 7 Coptic Christians and U.S. pastor Terry Jones over anti-Islamic film | National Post
  81. ^ "Egypt protesters breach US embassy over 'insulting' film". (includes video report) (BBC News Online). September 11, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  82. ^ "Libya militias storm US consulate over 'insulting' film". BBC News Online. September 11, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  83. ^ Labott, Elise; Karadsheh, Jomana (September 11, 2012). "Libya reports employee at U.S. consulate killed during protests, U.S. official says". CNN. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  84. ^ a b Hernández, Arelis R. (September 12, 2012). "Terry Jones: Florida pastor linked to bombing protests". Orlando Sentinel. 
  85. ^ Egyptian Court Sentences American Pastor Terry Jones to Death Over Anti-Muhammad Video | TheBlaze.com
  86. ^ "Belgium raises terror level over film". AAP. December 8, 2012. 
  87. ^ "International Protests Begin Ahead of Sept. 11 Koran Burning Event in Florida". Fox News. August 27, 2010. 
  88. ^ Cave, Damien (August 25, 2010). "Pastor's Plan to Burn Korans Adds to Tensions". The New York Times. 
  89. ^ http://www.gainesville.com/article/20100901/ARTICLES/9011007/1002
  90. ^ http://alertpak.wordpress.com/tag/2-2-million-fatwa-on-terry-jones-for-quran-burning/
  91. ^ AQI10
  92. ^ WANTED DEAD OR ALIVE: Terry Jones #2 on Al Qaeda Hit List, Inspire Magazine February 2013, Yemen | Stand Up America
  93. ^ Al Qaeda's 'wanted dead or alive' list confirms its propaganda machine is still running - The National

External links