|72nd Governor of Virginia|
January 11, 2014
|Preceded by||Bob McDonnell|
|Chairman of the Democratic National Committee|
February 3, 2001 – February 12, 2005
|Preceded by||Ed Rendell (General Chairman)
Joe Andrew (National Chairman)
|Succeeded by||Howard Dean|
|Born||Terence Richard McAuliffe
February 9, 1957
Syracuse, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Dorothy Swann (1988–present)|
|Alma mater||Catholic University of America
Terence Richard "Terry" McAuliffe (//; born February 9, 1957) is an American businessman, Democratic politician and the 72nd Governor of Virginia. He previously served as Chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 2001 to 2005, was co-chairman of President Bill Clinton's 1996 re-election campaign, and was chairman of Hillary Clinton's 2008 presidential campaign. His first run for office was in the 2009 Virginia gubernatorial election, when he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination. In the 2013 gubernatorial election, he won the Democratic primary unopposed. McAuliffe defeated Republican Ken Cuccinelli and Libertarian Robert Sarvis, in the general election, with 48% of the vote. He assumed his gubernatorial duties on January 11, 2014.
- 1 Family and education
- 2 Business career
- 3 Fundraising career and relationship with the Clintons
- 4 Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
- 5 Post-DNC chairmanship
- 6 Virginia gubernatorial campaigns
- 7 Governor of Virginia
- 8 Political positions
- 9 Personal life
- 10 Election history
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Family and education
McAuliffe, the son of Millie and Jack McAuliffe, was born and raised in Syracuse, New York. His father was a real estate agent and local Democratic politician. The family is of Irish Catholic descent.
He graduated from Bishop Ludden Junior/Senior High School in 1975. In 1979, he earned a bachelor's degree from The Catholic University of America where he served as a Resident Adviser. After graduating, McAuliffe worked at President Jimmy Carter's re-election campaign; he became the national finance director at twenty-two. Following the campaign, McAuliffe enrolled at the Georgetown University Law Center, and received his Juris Doctor degree in 1984.
At age of 14, McAuliffe started his first business, McAuliffe Driveway Maintenance, sealing driveways and parking lots. According to the The Washington Post, McAuliffe has "earned millions as a banker, real estate developer, home builder, hotel owner, and internet venture capitalist."
Federal City National Bank
In January 1988, when McAuliffe was thirty years old, the bank's board elected McAuliffe as chairman, making him the youngest chairman in the United States Federal Reserve Bank's charter association. The bank lent $125,000 to Richard Gephardt's presidential campaign. The bank provided loans to former United States Representative Tony Coelho and the then-Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Jim Wright.
In 1991, McAuliffe negotiated a merger with Credit International Bank, which he called his "greatest business experience." McAuliffe become the vice-chairman of the newly merged bank. Shareholders questioned if he was given special treatment; Chairman Richard V. Allen denied the allegation.
American Pioneer & American Heritage Homes
McAuliffe invested $800,000 in Swann's American Pioneer Savings Bank, which was taken over In 1990 by federal regulators, causing Swann to file for bankruptcy. The Resolution Trust Corporation, a federal agency, took over American Pioneer's assets and liabilities. Under Swann's guidance, McAuliffe purchased some of American Pioneer's real estate from the Resolution Trust Corporation. McAuliffe's equal partner in the deal was a pension fund controlled by the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) and the National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA). They purchased real estate, valued at $50 million, for $38.7 million; McAuliffe received a 50% equity stake. The deal was arranged by Jack Moore, a NECA trustee, and acquaintance of McAuliffe. Next, McAuliffe acquired a distressed house-building company, American Heritage Homes, which had been buying real estate formerly owned by American Pioneer. McAuliffe served as chairman of American Heritage along with CEO Carl H. Linder. The Florida-based company came out of distress under a plan in which it built 800 homes a year.
In 1997, McAuliffe invested $100,000 in Global Crossing, a Bermuda-registered telecommunications company. Global Crossing went public in 1998. In 1999, McAuliffe sold the majority of his holding for $8.1 million. McAuliffe sold the remaining shares in January 2002. The company filed for bankruptcy later that month, causing investors to lose $54 billion, and 10,000 employees to lose their jobs. According to McAuliffe's book, he played no management role in Global Crossing.
In 2009, McAuliffe founded GreenTech Automotive, a holding company, which purchased Chinese electric car company EU Auto MyCar for $20 million in May 2010. Later that year, McAuliffe relocated GreenTech's headquarters to McLean, Virginia. GreenTech subsequently announced plans to manufacture vehicles in Mississippi.
In December 2012, McAuliffe was questioned about the factory's location in Mississippi instead of Virginia. McAuliffe claimed he wanted to bring the factory to Virginia, but the Virginia Economic Development Partnership (VEDP), the commonwealth's recruitment agency, chose not to bid on it. However, in January 2013, PolitiFact declared McAuliffe's claim to be false. According to PolitiFact, VEDP and GreenTech formally discussed building the factory in Virginia, and its representatives even toured potential sites with GreenTech representatives. McAuliffe responded that he disagreed with PolitiFact's report, and that other GreenTech executives made the decision.
Fundraising career and relationship with the Clintons
McAuliffe had a prolific fundraising career within the Democratic Party, and a personal and political relationship with Bill and Hillary Clinton. McAuliffe and his staff raised $275 million, then an unprecedented sum, for Clinton's causes while president. After Bill Clinton's tenure ended, McAuliffe loaned them $1.35 million for an apartment in Manhattan, New York City. The deal raised ethical questions. In 2000, McAuliffe chaired a fundraiser with the Clintons; setting a fundraising record of $26.3 million.
McAuliffe told The New York Times in 1999, "I've met all of my business contacts through politics. It's all interrelated." When he meets a new business contact, he continued, "then I raise money from them." He acknowledged that success of his business dealings stemmed partly from his relationship with Bill Clinton, saying, "No question, that's a piece of it." He also credited his ties to former congressmen Dick Gephardt and Tony Coelho, his Rolodex of 5,000-plus names, and his ability to personally relate to people. He told New York Times reporter Mark Leibovich in 2012 that his Rolodex held 18,632 names.
Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
In February 2001, McAuliffe was elected chairman of the DNC, and served until February 2005. McAuliffe tried and failed to persuade his top rival, Maynard Jackson, to drop out of the race for chairman, but was still the heavy favorite. During his tenure, the DNC raised $578 million, and emerged from debt for the first time in its history.
In the period between the 2002 elections and the 2004 Democratic convention, the DNC rebuilt operations and intra-party alliances. McAuliffe worked to restructure the Democratic primary schedule, allowing Arizona, New Mexico, North Carolina and South Carolina to vote earlier; the move provided African-American and Hispanic communities greater power in presidential primaries. According to The Washington Post, the move bolstered United States Senator John Kerry's fund raising efforts. The DNC rebuilt its headquarters, and created a computer database of more than 170 million potential voters known as "Demzilla". Five-time presidential candidate Ralph Nader alleged that, during the 2004 presidential election, McAuliffe offered him cash to withdraw from certain pivotal states. McAuliffe's staff admitted to conversations with Nader about his campaign, but denied offering him money.
In January 2005, a few weeks before his term ended, McAuliffe earmarked $5 million of the party's cash to assist Tim Kaine and other Virginia Democrats in their upcoming elections. This donation was the largest non-presidential disbursement in DNC history, and was part of McAuliffe's attempt to prove Democratic viability in Southern states in the wake of the 2004 presidential election. Kaine was successful in his bid, and served as the Governor of Virginia from 2006 to 2010.
In 2012, he was a visiting fellow at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. In addition to several faculty and student lectures, McAuliffe hosted a segment entitled, "The Making of a Candidate: From Running Campaigns to Running on my Own."
Virginia gubernatorial campaigns
On November 10, 2008, McAuliffe formed an exploratory committee aimed at the Virginia gubernatorial election in 2009. According to The Washington Post, McAuliffe believed he would prevail "because he [could] campaign as a business leader who can bring jobs to Virginia." He also cited his ability to raise money for down-ticket Democratic candidates.
McAuliffe's political team included campaign manager Mike Henry, senior strategist Mo Elleithee, and communications director Delacey Skinner. McAuliffe raised over $7.5 million during the campaign, and donated an additional $500,000 to himself.
In the primary election, McAuliffe faced two high-profile Democrats, State Senator Creigh Deeds, the 2005 Democratic nominee for the Attorney General of Virginia, and Brian Moran, a former Virginia House of Delegates Minority Leader. On June 9, 2009, McAuliffe placed second with 26% of the vote; Deeds received 50% and Moran garnered 24%.
On November 8, 2012, McAuliffe emailed supporters announcing his intention to run for Governor of Virginia in 2013. In his email he stated, "It is absolutely clear to me that Virginians want their next Governor to focus on job creation and common sense fiscal responsibility instead of divisive partisan issues."
On April 2, 2013, McAuliffe became the Democratic nominee; no Democrat challenged him. He campaigned against Republican candidate Ken Cuccinelli and Libertarian candidate Robert Sarvis. He received 47.8% of the vote; Cuccinelli garnered 45.2% and Sarvis received 6.5%.
Governor of Virginia
McAuliffe took the oath of office on January 11, 2014. Following the ceremony, McAuliffe signed four executive orders, including one instituting a one-year ban on gifts over $100 to members of the administration, and an order prohibiting discrimination against state employees for sexual orientation and gender identity. The other executive orders dealt with government continuity.
After his plans to expand Medicaid were blocked by the GOP-controlled House of Delegates, McAuliffe unveiled his own plan, "A Healthy Virginia." He authorized four emergency regulations and issued one executive order that allowed for use of federal funds. McAuliffe’s hope for full expansion ended when Virginia General Assembly, State Senator Phillip Puckett (D-Russell), resigned, leading to Republicans taking control of the chamber. The move triggered investigations into the circumstances surrounding Puckett’s resignation, but no charges were filed.
In addition to healthcare reform, a major initiative of the McAuliffe administration over the first year was economic development, with McAuliffe using his business and political contacts to close deals for the commonwealth. He helped close a deal to bring Stone Brewing to Richmond, landed a $2 billion paper plant in the Richmond suburbs and brokered a deal with the Corporate Executive Board to locate its global headquarters in Arlington, creating 800 new jobs. McAuliffe also worked deals to restore service in Norfolk from Carnival Cruise Lines and Air China service to Dulles International Airport.
McAuliffe was among those who supported the bipartisan transportation bill that passed the General Assembly in 2013. He is in favor of the Silver Line, which would expand Metrorail services into Northern Virginia.
Education and Healthcare
McAuliffe has spoken extensively on workforce development, with education proposals being funded through savings from the proposed Medicaid expansion.
Energy and environmental issues
McAuliffe has declined to go into detail on his stance on many of his own views on energy and environmental policy, sticking to broad outlines. McAuliffe believes human activity has contributed to global warming, and characterizes clean energy as a national security issue. He supports reducing dependence on foreign oil through investment in technologies such as carbon capture and storage, solar farms, and offshore wind turbines. McAuliffe was endorsed by both billionaire environmentalist Tom Steyer and the League of Conservation Voters.
In his 2009 campaign, McAuliffe said, "I want to move past coal. As governor, I never want another coal plant built." In his 2013 campaign, McAuliffe claimed to support tougher safety requirements on coal plants. He also announced his support for the Environmental Protection Agency's proposed reduction in coal plant licensing. However, McAuliffe has expressed his support for exporting coal to countries like China and South Korea.
In his 2009 bid for governor, McAuliffe said he opposed offshore drilling, but in 2013, he changed his position and now supports offshore drilling in Virginia, saying he has "learned more about offshore drilling from experts in Virginia."
Taxes and spending
McAuliffe supports eliminating several business taxes, such as the business professional license tax, and using revenue from local government taxes to make up the difference.
Terry McAuliffe's memoir, What a Party! My Life Among Democrats: Presidents, Candidates, Donors, Activists, Alligators, and Other Wild Animals, was published in 2007 with Steve Kettmann, and made the New York Times Best Seller List, debuting at #5 in February 2007. The Washington Post called it a "A rollicking ride through the world of celebrity, fundraising and politics that certainly entertains” while The Miami Herald said, “Terry McAuliffe delights in this laugh-out-loud look at American politics.”
Among anecdotes told in the memoir was McAuliffe wrestling an eight-foot, 260-pound alligator for three minutes to secure a $15,000 contribution for President Jimmy Carter in 1980. McAuliffe and the alligator would appear on the cover of LIFE magazine. Others included hunting with King Juan Carlos of Spain, golf outings with the President and reviving the Democratic National Convention.
However, the book attracted negative publicity during McAuliffe's 2013 gubernatorial race. In the book, McAuliffe wrote about the September 11 attacks and his experiences in the Democratic National Committee office immediately after. He recalled, "I was one of our party's most visible spokesmen, and I had to keep a low profile after the attacks. I was like a caged rat. I couldn't travel. I couldn't make political calls. I couldn't make money calls." Despite the negative publicity, McAuliffe has not backed away from it, carrying boxes of it across Virginia in his campaign, in order to introduce himself to voters.
|Virginia gubernatorial election, 2013|
|Democratic gain from Republican||Swing|
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- EO-2: Personnel Directive Prohibiting the Receipt of Certain Gifts; Establishment of Executive Branch Ethics Commission
- Terry McAuliffe, Virginia's 72nd governor, signs new executive orders following swearing in
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- Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe official government site
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- Terry McAuliffe at DMOZ
|Party political offices|
|Permanent Chairperson of the Democratic National Convention
as General Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
|Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
as National Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
|Democratic nominee for Governor of Virginia
|Governor of Virginia
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Vice President
|Order of Precedence of the United States
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Otherwise John Boehner
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
as Governor of New Hampshire
|Order of Precedence of the United States
as Governor of New York