Terry Virgo (born 20 February 1940) is a prominent leader in the British New Church Movement, formerly known as the House Church Movement. He is the founder of the Newfrontiers family of neocharismatic evangelical churches, which has grown into an international apostolic network of over 700 churches in more than 60 nations. He is a leading Reformed Charismatic. He is married to Wendy and they have five grown up children and twelve grandchildren.
Virgo was born and raised in Brighton, on the English South Coast. He was not brought up in a believing home, though he was sent to Sunday school at both a high Anglican church, and a low Presbyterian Church, where he "never heard the gospel." When Virgo was 16 his sister became a believer, and through her he too was touched by God: he "got down on his knees and began to weep." At first he went to a formal Anglican Church, but when he visited Holland Road Baptist Church, he said "the moment I went through the door, I realised that these people had got what I had." The pastor, EG Rudman, exercised a great influence on Virgo at a formative stage." Rudman was a supporter of the Keswick Convention. Virgo was also influenced by Denis Clarke and Campbell MacAlpine.
As a young pastor, Virgo was influenced by the Charismatic Movement. Having become disillusioned by his experience in traditional UK churches, he sought to direct his church toward what he considered its New Testament "charismatic roots." He was influenced in this pursuit by the teaching of the British Restorationist Arthur Wallis, who believed that a return of the charismatic gifts (such as prophecy and speaking in tongues) to the traditional denominations was not sufficient and that a more thorough restoration of church life to a New Testament pattern was necessary. Particular attention was initially given to the "Ephesians 4" ministries of apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor and teacher, and over time a broader understanding of the nature of church life began to emerge.
The network of churches that related to Terry Virgo originally used the name Coastlands, and then New Frontiers International, finally settling on Newfrontiers. By the end of the 1990s Newfrontiers had had become the largest Apostolic network in the UK. William K Kay believes that significant numbers of Baptist churches joining the movement, and avoiding scandals and other negative events contributed to this hegemony.
Newfrontiers has used week-long conferences, known as "Bible weeks" as an important strategy for growth and the development of its identity. Known originally as Downs Bible Weeks, running for a decade from 1979, they were later called Stoneleigh. The Downs Bible Week ran for a decade from 1979 and gathered up to 20,000 people at its height. Expositional Bible teaching from its main leaders, or Apostolic Team and lively worship were major features of the event.
In January 2011 it was announced that Terry would move from Church of Christ the King in Brighton to help lead a Newfrontiers church in Kingston-upon-Thames, London. The same year, Virgo handed over leadership of Newfrontiers to a score of leaders worldwide, each of whom is described as being "free to develop his own strategies, training programs, and gospel advance", marking a significant change in the leadership structure of Newfrontiers.
Terry Virgo is a Calvinist. He said, 'Anyone in newfrontiers would know how much we treasure these doctrines. I am not sure that someone would feel they couldn't join us if they were not reformed. We have never said you have to be reformed to belong. But it is widely known and understood outside our circles that we are reformed and charismatic. That's how people see us. I have often said that I don't know how people who don't fully believe in the sovereignty of God can sleep peacefully at night.'[self-published source?]
Terry Virgo is a charismatic and thus believes that miraculous gifts such as prophecy and healing are for today. In an interview he said, 'We feel we are a bit unique in the emphasis on both the charismatic and yet also reformed theology which we hold dear. Often reformed teachers have tended to be cessationist and often Charismatics have tended to be Arminians — so we have been unusual... We do have excellent fellowship with Sovereign Grace Ministries led by C.J. Mahaney and certainly we have a great deal in common with them.'[self-published source?]
Baptism in the Holy Spirit
Terry Virgo believes that baptism in the Holy Spirit is a distinct/separate experience from conversion. He thus differs with many evangelicals on this matter, including John Wimber's tentative view[unreliable source?] and Wayne Grudem. Virgo would say that the Samaritan experience in Acts 8 and the Ephesian disciples' experience in Acts 19 make it clear that baptism in the Holy Spirit does not always happen 'automatically' upon conversion.[self-published source?]
Regarding the common argument that one cannot get doctrine from narrative passages like in Acts but must rely on didactic portions of scripture like the Epistles, Virgo says, 'that is wrong', and simply quotes 2 Tim 3:16 which says that "all scripture... is profitable for... doctrine...". He thus differs with 'Third Wave' charismatics who typically hold that baptism in the Holy Spirit happens upon conversion.
Virgo does not believe that tarrying meetings are necessary (as taught in some Pentecostal circles), he says: 'After the day of Pentecost no one is ever told to wait [for the baptism in Holy Spirit]... The waiting is only until the day of Pentecost...'[self-published source?]
Terry Virgo, along with many British New Church Movement leaders, believes the Bible teaches that the ministry of an apostle is for today, and did not end with the death of the first Apostles. He thinks the widespread belief amongst Evangelicals that apostles are no longer for today is largely a result of the Reformers opposition to the Roman Catholic notion of apostolic succession which has strongly influenced the Evangelical view ever since. He says: 'We do believe in the ongoing role of apostles and all Ephesians 4 gifts. We do recognize that of course the original twelve Apostles were unique, and that the canon of Scripture is complete. We do see the need however, today, for master builders in helping to establish foundations in local churches and for fathers in the faith."[self-published source?] Church historian Derryck Lovegrove has observed that Virgo has "enjoyed a powerful personal hegemony," referring to Virgo's influence both within his own movement, and the wider British New Church Movement.
Virgo is the author of 14 books, including No Well Worn Paths, The spirit-filled church, God knows you're human, Start, God's Lavish Grace, Does The Future Have a Church?, and The Tide is Turning.
- Hocken 2002.
- "Terry Virgo". Newfrontiers. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Leadership". UK: Church of Christ the King. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Hewitt 1995, p. 68.
- Hewitt 1995, p. 69.
- Hewitt 1995, p. 70.
- Kay, William K (2005). "Apostolic Networks in the UK: the dynamics of growth". Journal of the European Pentecostal Association 25: 25–38.
- Walker 1998, p. 18.
- "Moving to Kingston". Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "The History of Newfrontiers". Terry Virgo. Retrieved 2013-08-13.
- "Women in Mininstry in the Vineyard USA", Journal (CBMW) 12 (2) Unknown parameter
- Warnock, Adrian (6 2007), Terry Virgo on distinctives.
- E.g. Grudem, Wayne, "39", Systematic Theology, it is argued primarily on the basis of 1 Corinthians 12:13.
- Virgo, Terry, "Baptism of the Holy Spirit", New frontiers, 2x stream hosting.
- For instance Stott, John RW, Baptism and Fullness (book).
- Virgo, Terry, "Baptism of the Holy Spirit", New frontiers, 2x stream hosting, 11min 50s.
- Virgo, Terry, "Baptism of the Holy Spirit", New frontiers, 2x stream hosting, 36min 50s.
- [in which publication?]Partridge, Matt (October–December 2009), 3 (13), p. 26 Missing or empty
- Virgo, Terry, Janga, 19min 30s http://www.janga.biz/terryvirgoblog/?p=888 Missing or empty
- Lovegrove, Derryck W (2002). The Rise of the Laity in Evangelical Protestantism. London: Routledge. p. 258. ISBN 0-415-27192-4.
- Hewitt, Brian (1995), Doing a New Thing?, London: Hodder & Stoughton, ISBN 0-340-63013-2.
- Hocken, PD (2002), "Terry Virgo", The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements, Zondervan, ISBN 978-0-310-22481-5.
- Kay, William K (2007), Apostolic Networks in Britain: New Ways of Being Church, Milton Keynes: Paternoster, ISBN 978-1-84227-409-5.
- Virgo, Terry, "Baptism of the Holy Spirit", New frontiers, 2x stream hosting.
- Walker, Andrew (1998) , Restoring the Kingdom, London: Hodder & Stoughton, ISBN 0-340-37280-X; first edition Guildford: Eagle.
- Virgo, Terry, Web site & blog.
- Newfrontier, XTN.
- CCK, UK: Terry Virgo's home church.
- Reeves, Michael ‘Mike’ (7 2008), Table talk – Terry Virgo on Grace (interview), Theology network.
- Interview with Terry Virgo on Church by Mike Reeves
- Interview with Terry Virgo
- Dave Aldous interviews Terry Virgo
- Terry Virgo preaching on Grace
- Virgo, Terry, CCK (sermons), UK.
- Virgo, Terry, Preaching, Cambridge, UK: City church