Tersky District, Murmansk Oblast

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Tersky District.
Tersky District
Терский район (Russian)
Location of Tersky district (Murmansk Oblast).svg
Tersky District in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 66°41′N 34°20′E / 66.683°N 34.333°E / 66.683; 34.333Coordinates: 66°41′N 34°20′E / 66.683°N 34.333°E / 66.683; 34.333
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2011)
Administrative center urban-type settlement of Umba[1]
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 11
Municipal structure (as of December 2004)
Municipally incorporated as Tersky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 1
Local government:
Head[3] Leonid Shevelyov[3]
Representative body Council of Deputies[4]
Statistics
Area 19,300 km2 (7,500 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 6,288 inhabitants[6]
- Urban 88.0%
- Rural 12.0%
Density 0.33 /km2 (0.85 /sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[8]
Established August 1, 1927[9]
Official website

Tersky District (Russian: Те́рский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the six in Murmansk Oblast, Russia.[1] Municipally, it is incorporated as Tersky Municipal District.[2] It is located in the south of the Kola Peninsula and borders the White Sea in the south.[5] The area of the district is 19,300 square kilometers (7,500 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Umba.[1] District's population: 6,288 (2010 Census);[6] 7,434 (2002 Census);[10] 9,752 (1989 Census).[11] The population of Umba accounts for 88.0% of the district's total population.[6]

Geography[edit]

Most of the district's territory is at a low elevation, but there are some hills in the west. It has many lakes, such as Lakes Kanozero, Segozero, and Vyalozero, and many rivers, including the Vyala, the Serga, and the Umba.[5]

History[edit]

The district was established on August 1, 1927, when the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) issued two Resolutions: "On the Establishment of Leningrad Oblast" and "On the Borders and Composition of the Okrugs of Leningrad Oblast".[9] According to these resolutions, Murmansk Governorate was transformed into Murmansk Okrug, which was divided into six districts (Tersky being one of them) and included into Leningrad Oblast.[9] The administrative center of the district was established in the selo of Kuzomen;[9] however, it was transferred to Umba on August 15, 1931.[12]

In 1934, the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee developed a redistricting proposal, which was approved by the Resolution of the 4th Plenary Session of the Murmansk Okrug Committee of the VKP(b) on December 28-29, 1934 and by the Resolution of the Presidium of the Murmansk Okrug Executive Committee on February 2, 1935.[13] On February 15, 1935, the VTsIK approved the redistricting of the okrug into seven districts, but did not specify what territories the new districts were to include.[13] On February 26, 1935, the Presidium of the Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee worked out the details of the new district scheme and issued a resolution, which, among other things, moved the administrative center of Tersky District to the work settlement of Lesnoy.[13]

On December 26, 1962, when the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR decreed to re-organize the Soviets of People's Deputies and the executive committees of the krais, oblasts, and districts into the industrial and agricultural soviets, Murmansk Oblast was not affected and kept one unified Oblast Soviet and the executive committee.[14] Nevertheless, on February 1, 1963, the Decree by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR established the new structure of the districts of Murmansk Oblast, which classified Tersky District as rural.[14] However, this classification only lasted for less than two years.[14] The November 21, 1964 Decree by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR restored the unified Soviets of People's Deputies and the executive committees of the krais and oblasts where the division into the urban and rural districts was introduced in 1962, and the districts of Murmansk Oblast were re-categorized as regular districts again by the January 12, 1965 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Decree.[14]

Economy[edit]

There is almost no heavy industry in the district. Fishing is the main economic activity. There are large reserves of pegmatite. The timber industry makes up over half of the industrial production of the district. Unemployment is the biggest problem in the district, with the unemployment rate being 19.3%.[when?]

Politics[edit]

The local representative body is the Council of Deputies of Tersky District. It has fifteen deputies elected for a four-year term. The Chair of the Council of Deputies is Sergey Volkov. The Head of the District Administration is Leonid Shevelyov, who was appointed by the Council of Deputies.[5]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. ^ a b c Law #545-01-ZMO
  3. ^ a b Official website of Tersky District. Structure of the Administration of Tersky District (Russian)
  4. ^ Official website of Tersky District. Council of Deputies (Russian)
  5. ^ a b c d e "Tersky Municipal District". Government of Murmansk Oblast. 2005–2010. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 34-35
  10. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  12. ^ A Guide to the State Archives, p. 194
  13. ^ a b c Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 47–48
  14. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 56

Sources[edit]