|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||90.12 g mol−1|
|Melting point||−3 °C (27 °F; 270 K)|
|Boiling point||37 °C (99 °F; 310 K) at 2.0 kPa|
|Solubility in water||miscible|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.3870|
|GHS signal word||DANGER|
|GHS hazard statements||H226, H242, H302, H311, H314, H317, H331, H341, H411|
|GHS precautionary statements||P220, P261, P273, P280, P305+351+338, P310|
|EU classification||O C|
|R-phrases||R7, R10, R20/21/22, R34, R43 R52/53|
|S-phrases||S3/7, S14, S16, S17, S24, S36/37/39, S45, S61|
|Flash point||43 °C (109 °F; 316 K)|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Industrially, tert-butyl hydroperoxide is used as a starter of radical polymerization.
Synthesis and production
Many synthetic routes are available, including:
- Reaction of hydrogen peroxide with isobutylene or tert-butyl alcohol in the presence of sulfuric acid
- Reaction between tert-butyl alcohol and peroxymonosulfuric acid (however, an explosive intermediate is formed in this reaction)
- Auto-oxidation of isobutylene with oxygen
Tert-butyl hydroperoxide is an exceptionally dangerous chemical that is highly reactive, flammable and toxic. It is corrosive to skin and mucous membranes and causes respiratory distress when inhaled. It is also carcinogenic.
A solution of Tert-butyl hydroperoxide and water with a concentration of greater than 90 percent is forbidden to be shipped according to US Department of Transportation Hazardous Materials Table 49 CFR 172.101
- "IUPAC Complete Draft 2004".
- Cameo Chemicals, reference for NFPA values.
- tert-butyl hydroperoxide at Organic Chemistry Portal
- Jose Sanchez; Terry N. Myers. "Peroxides and Peroxide Compounds, Organic Peroxides". Kirk‑Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. doi:10.1002/0471238961.1518070119011403.a01.
- New Jersey MSDS
- "TERT-BUTYL HYDROPEROXIDE" at CAMEO Chemicals NOAA
- tert-BUTYL HYDROPEROXIDE at Chemicalland21
- tert-Butyl hydroperoxide at http://environmentalchemistry.com