Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner

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TerukuniMaru.jpg
NYK Line Terukuni Maru
Class overview
Name: Terukuni Maru class ocean liner
Builders: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Operators: Flag of Japan.svg Nippon Yūsen (NYK Line)
Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN)
Cost: 6,177,000 JPY
Built: 1929 – 1930
In commission: 1930 – 1944
Planned: 2
Completed: 2
Lost: 2
General characteristics
Type: Ocean liner
Tonnage: Terukuni Maru 11931 t gross
Yasukuni Maru 11933 t gross
Length: 160.5 m (526 ft 7 in) overall
Beam: 19.5 m (64 ft 0 in)
Draught: 11.3 m (37 ft 1 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Sulzer diesels, 2 shafts
10,000 bhp cruising
14,368 bhp full boost
Speed: Terukuni Maru
17.8 knots (20.5 mph; 33.0 km/h)
Yasukuni Maru
18.0 knots (20.7 mph; 33.3 km/h)
Capacity: 249 passengers (121 first class, 68 tourist class, 60 third class)
Crew: 177
Armament: Yasukuni Maru, 1941
• 4 × 150 mm (5.9 in) L/40 naval guns
• 4 × 13 mm AA guns

The Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner (照國丸型貨客船, Terukuni Maru-gata Kakyakusen?) was a class of ocean liners of Japan, serving during the 1930s, and into World War II.

Background[edit]

Service[edit]

Terukuni Maru[edit]

  • 9 January 1929: Laid Down at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nagasaki Shipyard.
  • 19 December 1929: Launched.
  • 31 May 1930: Completed.
  • 30 June 1930: Maiden voyage for Yokohama–London.
  • (after): She sailed 24 times until September 1939.
  • 24 September 1939: The 25th sailing to London.
  • 19 November 1939: Arrived off South Downs. She anchored here till minesweeping of the River Thames by Royal Navy was over.
  • 08:30, 21 November 1939: Weigh anchor.
  • 12:53: She struck a naval mine at 51°50′N 01°30′E / 51.833°N 1.500°E / 51.833; 1.500.
  • 13:35: Sunk.

The wreck lay on its side, partly submerged and visible to wartime shipping in the Thames Estuary area.[1]

Yasukuni Maru[edit]

  • 22 April 1929: Laid Down at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nagasaki Shipyard.
  • 15 February 1930: Launched.
  • 31 August 1930: Completed.
  • 22 September 1930: Maiden voyage for Yokohama–London.
  • (after): She sailed many times until October 1939.
  • 25 October 1939: Enlisted by the Navy. Classification to the Auxiliary transport.
  • 11 December 1939: Discharged.
  • 29 October 1940: Enlisted by the Navy. 30 October, armament fitted in Kure Naval Arsenal.
  • 16 December 1940: Classification to the Auxiliary submarine tender.
  • 11 January 1941: Fitting out was completed, and assigned to the 1st Submarine Division, 6th Fleet.
  • 20 December 1941: Assigned to the 3rd Submarine Division, 6th Fleet.
  • 1 February 1942: Bombed by Task Force 8 (USS Enterprise) at Kwajalein.
  • 1 March 1942: Arrived at Kure Naval Arsenal and repairs were started.
  • 23 April 1942: Repairs were completed. Sailed to Truk and Kwajalein.
  • 15 September 1943: Assigned to the 6th Fleet.
  • 31 January 1944: Sunk by USS Trigger at northwest off Truk 09°15′N 147°13′E / 9.250°N 147.217°E / 9.250; 147.217.
  • 10 March 1944: Removed from naval ship lists, and discharged.

Photos[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lund & Ludlam. (1979) Out Sweeps! The Story of the Minesweepers in World War II. New English Library ISBN 0450044688 p.17

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tashirō Iwashige, The visual guide of Japanese wartime merchant marine, "Dainippon Kaiga".  (Japan), May 2009
  • Ships of the World special issue, The Golden Age of Japanese Passenger Liners, "Kaijinsha". , (Japan), May 2004
  • Voyage of a Century "Photo Collection of NYK Ships", "Nippon Yūsen". , (Japan), October 1985
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.29, "Japanese submarine tenders w/ auxiliary submarine tenders", "Ushio Shobō".  (Japan), July 1979