June 8, 1941 |
Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan
|Residence||Spokane, Washington, USA|
|Teacher(s)||Chōjun Miyagi, Ei'ichi Miyazato, Morio Higaonna|
|Rank||9th dan karate|
Teruo Chinen (知念 辉夫 Chinen Teruo?, born June 8, 1941) is a prominent Okinawan master of Gōjū-ryū karate. He founded the Jundokan International karate organization and holds the title Shihan. Chinen is one of the last surviving students to have learned directly from Chōjun Miyagi, founder of Gōjū-ryū karate. He currently holds the rank of 9th dan in karate.
Chinen was born on June 8, 1941, in Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, of Okinawan and Japanese ancestry. His father, Seisho Chinen, was an Okinawan martial artist who served in the Imperial Japanese Navy; he had trained in various Okinawan weapons. His mother was Japanese. His grandfather, Matsu Chinen, was a full-time Shuri-te instructor. His granduncle, Masami Chinen, belonged to the line of masters of the Yamanni ryu kobudo school.
Although Okinawan, Chinen's father adopted Japanese ways, and this included the naming conventions applied to his children. In a 1997 interview, he spoke about his father, saying: "because he was a Japanese naval officer, he adopted the Japanese ways and did not use the Masa name for his children. Consequently, my brothers and I all received Japanese names—Akira, Hirokazu, Teruo, and Toshio. No more Chinese names, no more Masa line!"
Chinen's father died in 1944 when the captain of his ship decided to sink the vessel rather than surrender to Allied forces. When he was five years old, his family—now consisting of his mother and several siblings—returned to Shuri briefly, then settled in Naha, where his uncle worked as a policeman. His mother found work on a USAF airbase. Chinen's home in Naha was just three houses down the street from Chōjun Miyagi's dojo (training hall) and, despite his family's history in another style of karate, he began to train in Miyagi's style.
According to various sources, Chinen began training in Gōjū-ryū karate either under Chōjun Miyagi (1888–1953), founder of the Gōjū-ryū style, around the turn of the decade (1949–1952), or else under senior student Ei'ichi Miyazato (1922–1999) in 1954. In any case, he trained directly under Miyagi at some point during his youth, but Miyazato was his primary instructor. After six years of training, Chinen received promotion to black belt status.
In 1958 or 1959, Chinen left Okinawa to teach karate in Tokyo, where he joined his friend Morio Higaonna, who had opened a dojo there. Chinen has credited Higaonna with teaching him the technical aspects of Gōjū-ryū karate. In 1969, Chinen travelled to the United States of America as a technical advisor to the Spokane school of karate in Washington. What was initially planned as a three month visit led to him settling in Spokane, which is now the base of operations for his karate organization. In 1972, Miyazato promoted Chinen to the rank of 4th dan.
From 1973 to 1979, Chinen travelled through Europe and South Africa, teaching karate. From 1979 to 1984, he was technical advisor to the International Okinawan Gōjū-ryū Karate-dō Federation (IOGKF) led by Higaonna. In 1984, Chinen founded his own karate organization, Jundokan International, and is now no longer associated with the IOGKF. He assisted in the preparation of the book Classical Kata of Okinawan Karate (1987) as a translator. In 1987, he taught kata in Vancouver. Around 1991, Miyazato promoted Chinen to the rank of 7th dan.
In 1995, Chinen became ill from undiagnosed diabetes, but now travels across Europe and North America teaching karate, and continues to lead Jundokan International. He currently holds the rank of 9th dan. Speaking in 1997 about the future of karate in the USA, he said: "I hope that the next generations will not only improve technically but also know how to share their knowledge. People must pass on the traditions and not lose them. In the old days in China and Okinawa, the teaching was done behind closed doors. Now, thanks to the media, Karatedo is no longer a secret. There's more sharing now."
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