|Traded as||NASDAQ: TSLA|
|Headquarters||Palo Alto, California, USA|
|Key people||Elon Musk
(Chairman and CEO)
Tesla Model S
Tesla Model X
|Employees||2,964 (December 2012)|
Tesla Motors, Inc. is a Silicon Valley-based company that designs, manufactures and sells electric cars and electric vehicle powertrain components. Tesla Motors is a public company that trades on the NASDAQ stock exchange under the symbol TSLA. After 10 years, Tesla posted profits for the first time during the first quarter of 2013.
Tesla also markets electric powertrain components, including lithium-ion battery packs, to other automakers, including Daimler and Toyota. Tesla's CEO, Elon Musk, has said he envisions Tesla as an independent automaker, aimed at eventually mass-producing fully electric cars at a price affordable to the average consumer.
The Tesla Roadster, the company's first vehicle, is the first production automobile to use lithium-ion battery cells and the first production EV with a range greater than 200 miles (320 km) per charge. The Sport model accelerates 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.7 seconds and, according to Tesla Motor's environmental analysis, is twice as energy efficient as the Toyota Prius. Since 2008 Tesla has sold more than 2,250 Roadsters in 31 countries through March 2012. Tesla began producing right-hand-drive Roadsters in early 2010 for the UK and Ireland markets, then expanded sales to right-hand-drive markets of Australia, Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore.  Tesla stopped taking orders for the Roadster in the U.S. market in August 2011.
Tesla unveiled the Tesla Model S all-electric sedan on March 26, 2009 with an anticipated base price of US$57,400 before any government tax credit or subsidies. The Model S will have three battery pack options for a range of up to 265 miles (426 km) per charge. In October 2011, Tesla reached 6,500 reservations for the Model S and retail deliveries began in June 2012. The Model S is manufactured at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California, an assembly plant formerly operated by NUMMI, a now defunct joint venture of Toyota and General Motors. Tesla purchased a stake in the site in May 2010 for US$42 million, and opened the facility in October 2010.
Tesla currently employs almost 3000 full-time employees and is recruiting employees for positions in the headquarters in Palo Alto, California, at its European headquarters in Maidenhead, UK, and at an increasing number of sales facilities throughout North America and Europe.
Corporate strategy 
One of Tesla's stated goals is to increase the number and variety of EVs available to mainstream consumers in three ways; by
- selling its own vehicles in a growing number of company-owned showrooms and online;
- selling patented electric powertrain components to other automakers so that they may get their own EVs to customers sooner;
- serving as a catalyst and positive example to other automakers, demonstrating that there is pent-up consumer demand for vehicles that are both high-performance and efficient.
General Motors' then-Vice Chairman Robert Lutz said in 2007 that the Tesla Roadster inspired him to push GM to develop the Chevrolet Volt, a plug-in hybrid sedan that aims to reverse years of dwindling market share and massive financial losses for America's largest automaker. In an August 2009 edition of The New Yorker, Lutz was quoted as saying, "All the geniuses here at General Motors kept saying lithium-ion technology is 10 years away, and Toyota agreed with us -- and boom, along comes Tesla. So I said, 'How come some tiny little California startup, run by guys who know nothing about the car business, can do this, and we can't?' That was the crowbar that helped break up the log jam." Musk won the 2010 Automotive Executive of the Year Innovator Award for hastening the development of electric vehicles throughout the global automotive industry.
The Tesla Roadster has a base price of US$109,000, €84,000 or GB£86,950 (not including numerous tax incentives, credits and waivers). Tesla's goal is to sell EVs to mainstream consumers at more affordable prices—but Tesla purposely aimed its first production vehicle at "early adopters" so that the company could optimize the technology before cascading it down to less expensive vehicles. The company's subsequent car, the Model S sedan, began production for the 2012 model year with a base price of US$57,400 (or US$49,900 after a US federal tax credit), roughly half that of the Roadster. The company then plans to launch a US$30,000 vehicle, codenamed BlueStar. Tesla also builds electric powertrain components for more affordable cars including the lowest priced car from Daimler, the Smart urban commuter car; the lowest priced car to carry the Mercedes badge, the A-Class hatch back; and the lowest priced SUV from Toyota, the RAV4.
Aiming premium products at affluent "thought leaders" is a well known business strategy in Silicon Valley and the global technology industry, where prices for the first versions of cellular phones, laptop computers and flat-screen televisions start high but drop in subsequent product cycles. However, this approach has been relatively rare in the global auto industry, where the prevailing business model has been one of mass production in assembly plants optimized to build hundreds of thousands of vehicles per year with comparatively low sticker prices. According to a blog post by Musk, "New technology in any field takes a few versions to optimize before reaching the mass market and in this case it is competing with 150 years and trillions of dollars spent on gasoline cars."
History and financing 
In 2003, two independent teams, consisting of Martin Eberhard, Marc Tarpenning and Ian Wright on the one hand, and Musk and JB Straubel on the other, both sought to commercialize the T-Zero prototype electric sports car created by AC Propulsion.
Since college, Musk's primary goal was to commercialize electric vehicles all the way to mass market, starting with a premium sports car aimed at early adopters and then moving as rapidly as possible into more mainstream vehicles, including sedans and affordable compacts.
Tom Gage, the president of AC Propulsion, suggested that the two teams join forces to maximize the chances of success. They agreed to merge their efforts, with Musk becoming chairman and overall head of product design, Eberhard becoming CEO and Straubel becoming CTO.
Musk took an active role within the company and oversaw Roadster product design at a detailed level, but was not deeply involved in the day to day business operations; Eberhard acknowledged that Musk was the person who insisted from the beginning on a carbon fiber body, and he led design of components ranging from the power electronics module to the headlamps and other styling cues.
In addition to his daily operational roles, Musk was the controlling investor in Tesla from the first financing round, funding the large majority of the Series A capital investment round of US$7.5 million with personal funds.
From the beginning, Musk consistently maintained that Tesla's long-term strategic goal was to create affordable mass market electric vehicles in order to have a material impact on oil consumption. Musk received the Global Green 2006 product design award for his design of the Tesla Roadster, presented by Mikhail Gorbachev, and he received the 2007 Index Design award for his design of the Tesla Roadster.
Musk's Series A round included Compass Technology Partners and SDL Ventures, as well as many private investors. Musk later led Tesla Motors' Series B, US$13 million, investment round which added Valor Equity Partners to the funding team. Musk co-led the third, US$40 million round in May 2006 along with Technology Partners. Tesla's third round included investment from prominent entrepreneurs including Google co-founders Sergey Brin & Larry Page, former eBay President Jeff Skoll, Hyatt heir Nick Pritzker and added the VC firms Draper Fisher Jurvetson, Capricorn Management and The Bay Area Equity Fund managed by JPMorgan Chase. The fourth round in May 2007 added another US$45 million and brought the total investments to over US$105 million through private financing.
In December 2007, Ze'ev Drori became the CEO and President of Tesla Motors. In January 2008, Tesla Motors fired several key personnel who had been involved from the inception after a performance review by the new CEO. According to Musk, Tesla was forced to reduce the company workforce by about 10 percent to lower its burn rate, which was out of control in 2007.
The fifth round in February 2008 added another US$40 million. Musk had contributed US$70 million of his own money to the company by this time. In October 2008, Musk succeeded Ze'ev Drori as CEO. Drori became Vice Chairman. He left the company in December. By January 2009, Tesla had raised US$187 million and delivered 147 cars.
On May 19, 2009, Germany's Daimler AG, maker of Mercedes, acquired an equity stake of less than 10 percent of Tesla for a reported US$50 million. In July 2009, Daimler announced that Abu Dhabi's Aabar Investments bought 40 percent of Daimler's interest in Tesla.
In June 2009 Tesla was approved to receive US$465 million in interest-bearing loans from the United States Department of Energy. The funding, part of an US$8 billion program for advanced vehicle technologies (Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program), supports engineering and production of the Model S sedan, as well as the development of powertrain technology that Tesla plans to sell to other automakers. The low-interest loans are not related to the "bailout" funds that GM and Chrysler have received, nor are they related to the 2009 economic stimulus package. The Department of Energy loan program was created in 2007 during the George Bush administration in order to get more fuel-efficient vehicle options to U.S. consumers and to decrease the country's dependence on foreign oil.
The company announced in early August 2009 that it had achieved overall corporate profitability for the month of July 2009. The company said it earned approximately US$1 million on revenue of US$20 million. Profitability arose primarily from improved gross margin on the 2010 Roadster, the second iteration of Tesla’s award-winning sports car. Tesla, which like all automakers records revenue when products are delivered, shipped a record 109 vehicles in July and reported a surge in new Roadster purchases.
In September 2009, Tesla announced an US$82.5 million round to accelerate Tesla's retail expansion in advance of the Model S. Daimler participated in the round to maintain equity ownership from its initial investment.
Tesla Motors signed a production contract on 11 July 2005 with Group Lotus to produce "gliders" (complete cars minus electric powertrain) for Tesla. Tesla Motors originally signed a production contract with Group Lotus good through March 2011, but the two automakers revealed they had extended the deal to keep the electric Roadster in production through December 2011 with a minimum number of 2,400 units, when production is unlikely to continue mostly because of tooling changes orchestrated by one of its suppliers.
2010 initial public offering 
On 29 January 2010, Tesla Motors filed Form S-1 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, as a preliminary prospectus indicating its intention to file an initial public offering (IPO) underwritten by Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, J. P. Morgan, and Deutsche Bank Securities. In a standard S-1 update filed March 26, Tesla added fourth-quarter 2009 data to the initial filing. According to the update, Tesla sold 937 Tesla Roadsters to customers in 18 countries and generated US$126.8 million in revenue as of Dec. 31, 2009. On May 21, 2010, Tesla announced a "strategic partnership" with Toyota, which agreed to purchase US$50 million in Tesla common stock issued in a private placement to close immediately after Tesla's planned IPO. Executives at both companies said that they would cooperate on "the development of electric vehicles, parts, and production system and engineering support." Less than two months later, Toyota and Tesla confirmed that their first platform collaboration would be to build an electric version of the RAV4 EV. In June 2010, it was reported that Tesla sold a total of US$12.2 million zero emission vehicle credits to other automakers, including Honda, up to March 31, 2010.
On June 29, 2010 Tesla Motors launched its initial public offering on NASDAQ under the symbol TSLA. The IPO raised US$226 million for the company. It was the first American car maker to go public since the Ford Motor Company had its IPO in 1956.[dated info]
Car models 
Tesla Roadster 
Tesla Motors' first production vehicle, the Tesla Roadster, was an all-electric sports car. The Roadster was the first highway-capable all-electric vehicle in serial production for sale in the United States in the modern era. The Roadster was also the first production automobile to use lithium-ion battery cells and the first production BEV (all-electric) to travel more than 200 miles (320 km) per charge. Since 2008 Tesla sold more than 2,400 Roadsters in 31 countries through September 2012. The remaining cars were available for sale only in Europe and Asia, and most of the remaining Roadsters were sold during the fourth quarter of 2012
The car had a range of 245 miles (394 km) per charge on average according to testing done by Tesla. On Oct. 27, 2009, the Roadster driven by Simon Hackett drove the entire 313-mile (504 km) segment of Australia's annual Global Green Challenge on a single charge, at an average speed of 25 mph (40 km/h). The Tesla Roadster can accelerate from zero to 60 mph (97 km/h) in under 4 seconds and has a top speed of 125 mph (201 km/h). The base price of the car is US$109,000 (€84,000 or GB£87,945). The Roadster Sport price started at US$128,500 in the United States and €112,000 (excluding VAT) in Europe. Deliveries began in July 2009. The Roadster Sport was the first derivative of Tesla’s proprietary, patented powertrain.
The Roadster Sport has been acclaimed by Engineering Editor Kim Reynolds of MotorTrend, which recorded a 0–60 mph of 3.70 seconds and a quarter-mile test at 12.6 sec @ 102.6 mph (165.1 km/h). Reynolds called the acceleration "breathtaking" and said that the car's sales confirm "Tesla as an actual car company… Tesla is the first maker to crack the EV legitimacy barrier in a century." 
Prototypes were introduced to the public in July 2006, and the Tesla Roadster was featured on the cover of Time in December 2006 as the recipient of the magazine's "Best Inventions 2006—Transportation Invention" award. The first "Signature One Hundred" set of fully equipped Roadsters sold out in less than three weeks, the second hundred sold out by October 2007, and general production began on March 17, 2008.
Since February 2008, when production first began, two new models were introduced, one in July 2009, and another in July 2010. Both new models featured various upgrades. In January 2010, Tesla began producing its first right-hand-drive Roadsters for the UK and Ireland, then began selling them in mid-2010 in Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong and Australia.
Tesla produced the Roadster until early 2012, when its supply of Lotus Elise gliders run out, as its contract with Lotus Cars for 2,500 gliders expired at the end of 2011. Tesla stopped taking orders for the Roadster in the U.S. market in August 2011. Featuring new options and enhanced features, the 2012 Tesla Roadster was sold in limited numbers only in Europe, Asia and Australia. The next generation is expected to be introduced in 2014 and will be based on a shortened version of the architecture developed for the Tesla Model S.
Model S 
Retail deliveries of the Model S in the U.S. began on June 22, 2012, at a special event held at the Tesla Factory in California. The sedan was originally code-named "Whitestar."  Tesla is building the Model S  in Fremont, California in an assembly plant formerly operated by NUMMI, a defunct joint venture of Toyota and General Motors. The United States Environmental Protection Agency range for the 85 kW·h battery pack model, the first trim launched in the United States market, is 265 mi (426 km), and 208 mi (335 km) for the model with the 60 kW·h battery.
Among other awards, the Model S won the 2013 Motor Trend Car of the Year, the 2013 World Green Car of the Year, Automobile Magazine's 2013 Car of the Year, and Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award. About 2,650 Model S cars were sold in the U.S. during 2012, and 4,900 units during the first quarter of 2013, allowing the Model S to become the top selling plug-in electric car in North America during the first quarter of 2013, ahead of the Chevrolet Volt with 4,421 units, and the Nissan Leaf with 3,695. Tesla increased its 2013 sales target to 21,000 units in April 2013, and expects global sales of 30,000 units in 2014, with 15,000 units in the United States, 10,000 units in Europe and 5,000 in Asia.
Model X 
The Tesla Model X was unveiled at the company's design studios in Hawthorne in southern California February 9, 2012. Over a thousand people were in attendance for the unveiling at which Musk said the car would enter production in 2013. In February 2013 Tesla announced that production has been rescheduled to begin by late 2014 in order to focus "on a commitment to bring profitability to the company in 2013" and also to achieve their production target of 20,000 Model S cars in 2013.
Future models 
Tesla Motors announced in June 2009, along with their loans from the DOE, that they plan to build electric family-sized minivans, electric SUV crossovers, and electric fleet vans for municipal governments. The utility van and cabriolet are expected to be based on the Tesla Model S platform, along with the Tesla Model X crossover SUV. The company is also planning to introduce a Tesla model known as BlueStar or third-generation car that will "be an Audi A4, BMW 3-series, Volkswagen Jetta type of vehicle that will offer everything: range, affordability, and performance with a starting price of US$30,000" that is targeted towards the mass-market. Other projects under discussion include an electric truck and a self-driving car.
Mercedes-Benz A-Class 
Tesla, in collaboration with Mercedes-Benz, is building electric powertrain components for the Mercedes A-Class E-Cell, an electric car with a range of 200 km (124 mi), and 214 foot-pounds force (290 N·m) of torque. The 36 kWh battery pack would contain approximately 4,000 individual lithium-ion cells. Daimler was not expected to lease the electric version outside of Europe. The Mercedes-Benz A-Class E-Cell was unveiled at the 2010 Paris Motor Show. Only 500 cars would be built for trial purposes in Europe beginning in September 2011.
Smart Fortwo 
In late 2007, Tesla began working with Germany's Daimler AG on powertrain components for an electric version of the German company's Smart two-seater city car. Tesla is producing the battery packs and chargers for an initial 1,000-unit fleet of EV Smarts. Daimler has not released details about the vehicle's pricing or timing. The two companies announced that they were working together on the Smart in January 2009.
Toyota RAV4 EV 
Tesla Motors and Toyota announced in July 2010 that the two companies have signed an agreement to initiate the development of a second generation of the compact Toyota RAV4 EV. Toyota plans to introduce the model into the market by 2012.
A second generation RAV4 EV demonstrator was unveiled at the October 2010 Los Angeles Auto Show. Toyota built 35 of these converted RAV4s (Phase Zero vehicles) for a demonstration and evaluation program that ran through 2011. The lithium metal-oxide battery and other powertrain components are supplied by Tesla Motors. The RAV4 EV battery pack, electronics and powertrain components in the production version (unveiled in August 2012) are similar to those used in the Tesla Model S sedan launched in June 2012, and the Phase Zero vehicles used components from the Tesla Roadster.
Freightliner Electric Van 
Tesla Motors' headquarters are located in Palo Alto, California, where much of the development of the Tesla Roadster occurred.
United States 
Tesla was founded in San Carlos, California, in Silicon Valley. Tesla opened its first retail store in West Los Angeles, Calif., in April 2008. The company opened its second retail store in Menlo Park, CA, in July 2008. The company opened a display showroom in New York City's Chelsea Art District in July 2009. It also opened a store in Seattle in July 2009. Tesla subsequently opened stores in Washington, DC; New York City; Chicago; Dania Beach, FL; Boulder, Colorado; Orange County, CA; San Jose, CA and Denver, CO.
Tesla announced in August 2009 that it planned to move its corporate headquarters and build a powertrain development facility at 3500 Deer Creek Road, in the Stanford Research Park in Palo Alto, California. Tesla said it would finance the project in part through US$100 million of the federal low-interest loans. The new facility would occupy 369,000 sq ft (34,300 m2) on a 23-acre (93,000 m2) parcel previously occupied by Agilent Technologies. Tesla completed the headquarters move in February 2010. The powertrain facility will produce electric vehicle components for Tesla and for other automakers, including Germany's Daimler, which is using Tesla's battery packs and chargers for an upcoming electric version of its Smart city car. About 350 employees are expected to be based at the Stanford site initially, potentially increasing to 650. Stanford Research Park is also home to Facebook, Hewlett Packard, Xerox PARC and other Silicon Valley companies.
Tesla Factory 
Using US$365 million in federal low-interest loans, Tesla had planned to build a Model S assembly plant in California with a fully ramped-up annual output of 20,000 sedans. Tesla did not announce a specific location, though unconfirmed media reports had focused on Southern California. In mid-2009, many speculative media reports suggested that Tesla could occupy the NUMMI assembly plant in Fremont, CA, which General Motors and Toyota had signaled they planned to vacate. Tesla stated it would develop a brownfield site on existing industrial property—a preference of the federal government in approving candidates for interest-bearing loans from the Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Program.
Tesla's European headquarters are in Maidenhead, UK. The Roadster's chassis was assembled by the contract manufacturing division of Lotus Cars in Hethel, England. The Roadster has a unique chassis, with the car being longer and wider and having lower door sills than the Lotus Elise. The two cars have a parts overlap of less than 6 percent.
Regional sales and service centers 
Tesla operates its own company-owned stores, saying it models its showrooms on those of retailers such as Apple and Starbucks. In July 2010, Tesla hired former Apple and Gap Executive George Blankenship as Vice President of Design and Store Development to build Tesla's retail strategy and network of retail locations worldwide.
Tesla opened its first store in Europe in June 2009 in central London's Knightsbridge district, followed by Munich in September. Tesla opened a store in Monaco in November 2009 with a ribbon-cutting ceremony by Musk and car enthusiast Prince Albert II. Tesla opened stores in Zurich, Copenhagen, Paris and Milan during 2010, and a store at Yorkdale Mall in Toronto in 2012. In addition to these regional stores and service centers, Tesla has sales representatives in the Netherlands, Oslo, Vienna, Hamburg and Madrid.
Supercharger network 
In 2012, Tesla Motors started building a network of 480-volt fast charging stations, named Superchargers, that were developed to allow the Model S sedans to make long distance trips, and planned to make them available in high traffic corridors across the continental United States. According to Elon Musk, “...we expect all of the United States to be covered by the end of next year” and he also said that Tesla owners’ use of the network would be free forever. The company also plans to deploy Superchargers in Europe and Asia in the second half of 2013.
The Tesla Supercharger network is exclusive to appropriately equipped Model S sedans, which were engineered to accept Tesla's specific form of rapid electricity transfer. Supercharging hardware is standard on Model S vehicles equipped with an 85 kWh battery and optional on Model S vehicles equipped with a 60 kWh battery. The Tesla Roadster is not equipped to charge from the Superchargers, but according to the carmaker, all future Tesla models will be able to supercharge. The Supercharger is a proprietary rapid-charging station that provides almost 100 kW of power, with the potential to go as high as 120 kW in the future, allowing the Model S to replenish an 85-kwh battery in about one hour, or give it an additional 150 mi (240 km) of range in about 30 minutes.
The first Supercharger corridor in the US opened access for free to its Model S owners in California in October 2012, and includes six stations placed along routes connecting San Francisco, Lake Tahoe, Los Angeles and Las Vegas. These stations are located at Folsom, Gilroy, Tejon Ranch, Harris Ranch, near Coalinga, Barstow, and Los Angeles, near Hawthorne Municipal Airport. A second corridor was opened in December 2012, connecting Washington, DC to Boston, and includes two stations located in highway rest areas in Milford, Connecticut and Wilmington, Delaware. The electricity used by the Supercharger in the California corridor comes from a solar carport system provided by SolarCity, and eventually, all of the Supercharger stations will be supplied by solar power.
Tesla builds and sells its own cars, but unlike many traditional manufacturers it also operates as an original equipment manufacturer (OEM), manufacturing electric vehicle powertrain components that other automakers may purchase and retail under their own brand names. Tesla has confirmed partnerships with two other automakers, Daimler and Toyota. Tesla also works closely with Panasonic as a partner in battery cell research and development. The company is supplying battery packs for Freightliner Trucks's Custom Chassis Electric Van.
Starting in late 2007, Daimler and Tesla Motors began working closely to integrate Tesla’s lithium-ion battery packs and charging electronics into the first 1,000 units of Daimler’s electric smart car. The two companies are expected to collaborate further, including working together on the Tesla Model S sedan. The collaboration is not expected to result in co-branded cars or the sale of Mercedes vehicles in Tesla showrooms, or vice-versa.
On May 19, 2009, Germany's Daimler AG, maker of Mercedes, acquired an equity stake of less than 10% in Tesla for a reported US$50 million. As part of the collaboration, Prof. Herbert Kohler, Vice President E-Drive and Future Mobility at Daimler AG, took a seat on Tesla’s board of directors.
On July 13, 2009, Daimler AG sold 40% of their May acquisition to Aabar Investments PJSC. Aabar is an investment company controlled by the International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC), which is wholly owned by the Government of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. In March 2009, Aabar purchased a 9% stake in Daimler for €1,95 billion.
On May 20, 2010, Tesla and Toyota announced a partnership to work on electric vehicle development, which included Toyota's US$50 million future conditional investment in Tesla and Tesla's US$42 million purchase of a portion of the former NUMMI factory. Musk said the Model S sedan will be built at the plant, which is about 20 miles (32 km) east of the company's headquarters in Palo Alto, California. Tesla and Toyota also said that they intend to cooperate on the development of electric vehicles, parts, and production system and engineering support. It was announced that an electric version of the Toyota RAV4 would be mass-produced in 2012. The jointly developed RAV4 electric vehicle will be built at Toyota's Woodstock, Ontario plant.
On January 7, 2010, Tesla and battery cell maker Panasonic announced that they would together develop nickel-based lithium-ion battery cells for electric vehicles. Naoto Noguchi, President of Panasonic’s Energy Company, said the Japanese firm’s cells will be used for Tesla’s “current and next-generation EV battery pack.” The partnership was part of Panasonic's US$1 billion investment over three years in facilities for lithium-ion cell research, development and production. Tesla disclosed that the new cell resulting from its collaboration with Panasonic will allow Tesla to continue using cells from multiple suppliers.
In April 2010, Panasonic Energy Company President Naoto Noguchi presented Tesla Chief Technology Officer JB Straubel with the first production Lithium-ion cells manufactured at the new facility in Suminoe, Japan. The Suminoe factory will start producing 3.1Ah battery cells, the highest energy density cells available in the market. The facility will produce more than 300 million cells per year.
On 5 November 2010, Panasonic invested US$30 million for multi-year collaboration on the development of next generation battery cells designed specifically for electric vehicles.
Like virtually all production cars, the Tesla Roadster uses parts from around the world. Tesla's powertrain, which is proprietary, is designed and built in California. Tesla Motors maintains relationships with dozens of suppliers for other parts of the car, including Tesla's carbon fiber body panels which are made in France by Sotira. The panels are sent to England, where Tesla contracts with Lotus to build a unique chassis in Hethel, U.K. The cars are then sent to Menlo Park, California, where workers install all of Tesla's proprietary components. The battery pack is assembled in Palo Alto, California, using battery cells from Japan. The single-speed gearbox is built in Michigan by USA-based supplier BorgWarner.
When the company began in 2003, Tesla licensed AC Propulsion's Reductive Charging patent, which integrates the charging electronics into the inverter in a way that reduces mass and complexity. Shortly after the company's founding, Tesla Motors developed a powertrain well beyond what the company initially licensed from AC Propulsion. The company no longer employs any of AC Propulsion's original intellectual property.
Selling cars without dealers 
Tesla is currently selling their cars from 16 stores in 12 States. CEO Musk is advocating that the Texas Legislature should modify the existing Texas law to allow Tesla to sell directly to consumers without a costly dealer network, and specifically modify the law that restricts Tesla employees from discussing "financing, leasing, or purchasing options" at its existing stores in Austin and Houston.
Fisker Automotive 
On April 14, 2008, Tesla Motors filed a lawsuit against Fisker Automotive, alleging that Henrik Fisker "stole design ideas and confidential information related to the design of hybrid and electric cars" and was using that information to develop the Fisker Karma, which was announced at the North American International Auto Show in January, 2008. Tesla had hired Fisker Coachbuild to design the WhiteStar sedan but decided against the design as it was considered "substandard" by Musk. On November 3, 2008, Fisker Automotive Inc. issued a press release indicating that an arbiter has issued an interim award finding in favor of Fisker Automotive, Inc. and against Tesla Motors Inc. on all claims. Tesla said the ruling was binding and would not pursue the case.
Magna International 
Also in March 2008, Magna International filed a lawsuit against Tesla claiming that it was never paid for services rendered. Tesla hired Magna to help design a 2-speed transmission for its Roadster. The Magna-designed transmission is not in use for the current model.
Founder dispute 
The founding of the company and who can rightly be called "founder" was the subject of a lawsuit filed in May 2009 and later dropped after an out of court settlement. On May 26, 2009, Eberhard filed suit in San Mateo County, California against Tesla and Musk (Chairman and CEO of Tesla) for slander, libel and breach of contract. Musk wrote a lengthy blog post that included original source documents, including emails between senior executives and other artifacts demonstrating that Eberhard was unanimously fired by Tesla's full board of directors. On July 29, 2009, a judge in San Mateo County, CA, Superior Court struck down a claim by former CEO Eberhard, who asked to be declared one of only two founders of the company. Tesla said in a statement that the ruling is "consistent with Tesla’s belief in a team of founders, including the company’s current CEO and Product Architect Elon Musk, and Chief Technology Officer JB Straubel, who were both fundamental to the creation of Tesla from inception." In early August, Eberhard withdrew the case, and the parties reached a final settlement on September 21. Some provisions are confidential, but the agreement includes a provision that the parties will consider Eberhard, Musk, Straubel, Tarpenning, and Wright to be the five co-founders. Eberhard also issued a statement about Musk's foundational role in the company: "As a co-founder of the company, Elon's contributions to Tesla have been extraordinary."
Top Gear 
Tesla unsuccessfully sued Top Gear for the review of their Tesla Roadster in a 2008 episode in which Jeremy Clarkson could be seen driving one around the Top Gear test track, complaining about a range of only 55 miles (89 km) before showing that car being pushed into the garage, supposedly out of charge. Tesla filed a lawsuit against the BBC for libel and malicious falsehood, claiming that two cars were provided and that at any point, at least one of them was ready to drive. In addition, Tesla believes that neither car ever dropped below 25 percent charge, and that the scene was staged. On October 19, 2011, the High Court in London rejected Tesla's libel claim. The falsehood claims were also struck out by February 2012, with Mr. Justice Tugendhat describing Tesla's malicious falsehood claim as "so 'gravely deficient' it too could not be allowed to proceed." 
XP Vehicles Inc. and Limnial Inc. v. United States Department of Energy 
On 10 January 2013 XP Vehicles Inc. and Limnial, Inc. filed suit in United States Court of Federal Claims against the Department of Energy. The complaint includes the assertion that "DOE’s ATVM Loan Program was nothing more than a veil for political officials to steer hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars to government cronies, including Tesla..."
In May 2009, Tesla issued a safety recall for 345 Roadsters manufactured before April 22, 2009. Tesla sent technicians to customers' homes to tighten the rear, inner hub flange bolts. Using common verbiage from the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration, Tesla told customers that without this adjustment, the driver could lose control of the car. The problem originated at the Lotus assembly line, where the Roadster glider is built. Lotus also recalled some Lotus Elise and Exige vehicles for the same reason. Tesla reminded customers that millions of cars are recalled every year.
On October 1, 2010, Tesla issued a second product safety recall in the USA affecting 439 Roadsters. The recall involved the 12V low-voltage auxiliary cable from a redundant back-up system (which in the unlikely event of the primary 12V power failing or dropping below a minimum threshold level, provides power to various systems; including the headlamps, tail lights, airbags, turn signals and hazard light). Tesla decided to initiate a recall after an incident where the low voltage auxiliary cable in a vehicle chafed against the edge of a carbon fiber panel in the vehicle causing a short, smoke and a possible fire behind the right front headlamp of the vehicle. This issue was limited to the 12V low-voltage auxiliary cable and did not involve the main battery pack or main power system.
Board of directors 
The Tesla Motors Board of Directors, as of 2013, consists of:
- Elon Musk—Chairman of the board of directors, CEO and Product Architect of Tesla; former President of Paypal, founder, CEO and CTO of SpaceX; Chairman of the board, SolarCity
- H.E. Ahmed Saif Al Darmaki—Planning & Development Director of Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority
- Brad W. Buss—Chief Financial Officer, Corporate Secretary and Executive Vice President of Finance and Administration at Cypress Semiconductor Corp.
- Ira Ehrenpreis—General Partner, Technology Partners
- Antonio J. Gracias—CEO and Chairman of the Investment Committee at Valor Equity Partners
- Steve Jurvetson—Managing Director, Draper Fisher Jurvetson.
- Herbert Kohler—Vice President E-Drive and Future Mobility at Daimler
- Kimbal Musk—CEO of Medium, Inc., Co-founder Zip2
- Larry W. Sonsini—Outside counsel and non-directing board member of Tesla; Chairman, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati
See also 
- "2012 Form 10-K, Tesla Motors, Inc.". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2013-03-07. Retrieved 2013-04-04.
- Alan Ohnsman (2013-05-08). "Tesla Posts First Quarterly Profit on Model S Deliveries". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 2013-05-08. During Q1 2013 a total of 4,900 Model S cars were delivered in North America (mostly in the U.S. and a few units delivered in Canada).
- Tesla Motors (2013-05-08). "Tesla Motors, Inc. – First Quarter 2013 Shareholder Letter". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- "The World's Only Electric Sports Car: 2010 Tesla Roadster". Sportscarmonitor.com. 2010-04-11. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "Tesla and Toyota’s RAV4 EV And Now A Tesla-Daimler Partnership – AltTransport: Your Guide to Smarter Ways of Getting Around". Alttransport.com. 2010-09-14. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Howell, Donna. "Tesla Motors Shows Electric Model X SUV; What Next?". investors.com. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
- "Why the Name "Tesla"?". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-06-10.
- Michaels, Daniel (2010-01-14). "Long-Dead Inventor Nikola Tesla Is Electrifying Hip Techies". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Tesla Motors Moving Quickly to Commercialization of an Electric Car". GreenCar Magazine. 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- "well-to-wheel". Tesla Motors. 2007-07-06. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- David Shepardson (2012-05-09). "Tesla to deliver first Model S electric by June". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2012-05-10.
- "Tesla Roadster Arrives in Australia" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2010-07-26. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Chris Woodyard (2011-08-03). "Tesla boasts about electric car deliveries, plans for sedan". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- Garthwaite, Josie (2011-05-06). "Tesla Prepares for a Gap as Roadster Winds Down". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-05-07.
- "Tesla Showroom". Tesla Motors. 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- "Tesla Model S Blows Away the Competition and Wins AUTOMOBILE Magazine’s "Automobile of the Year"". Tesla Motors. 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- Monday, January 10, 2011 (2011-01-10). "Tesla exceeds 1,500 Roadster deliveries worldwide" (Press release). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- John Boudreau (2012-06-22). "In a Silicon Valley milestone, Tesla Motors begins delivering Model S electric cars". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
- "Tesla Wants NUMMI Operational By 2012". KVTU.com. 2010-05-21. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Lindsay Riddell (May 20, 2010). "Tesla to buy NUMMI plant, build cars with Toyota". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 2010-05-21.
- Ricketts, Camille (2010-05-27). "Tesla paid $42M for NUMMI but doesn’t have deal to build cars with Toyota". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- "Working for Tesla Motors - Engineering TV". Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-08-01.[dead link]
- Garthwaite, Josie (2009-01-13). "Tesla Has At Least One Smart Deal: Daimler". Earth2tech.com. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- "Dynamic list of all Tesla Motors patents and patent applications". Ip.com. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "Bob Lutz: The Man Who Revived the Electric Car | Newsweek Next 2008". Newsweek.com. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- Friend, Tad (2009-01-07). "Elon Musk and electric cars". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- Borroz, Tony (2010-02-19). "Tesla CEO Honored for ‘Enlightened Vision'". Wired.
- Robert Scardino (2009-07-17). "MSNBC Calls EV Drivers "Lunatic Fringe"". AllCarsElectric.com. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- "Tesla Current: Maxim Ostapenko Envisions an All Electric S-Class Competitor". 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2009-08-08.[dead link]
- Tesla Chairman discusses electric car under $30,000[dead link]
- "Abu Dhabi Joins Feds as Tesla Backer". NBC Bay Area. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- "Soap Opera". Tesla Motors. 2009-06-22. Archived from the original on July 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-01. "“Tesla Motors, Inc.” consisted of Eberhard, Tarpenning and Wright, plus an unfunded business plan and they were looking for an initial round of funding to create a more advanced prototype than the AC Propulsion Tzero. While there was a basic corporation in place, Tesla hadn’t even registered or obtained the trademark to its name and had no formal offices or assets. To save legal fees, we just copied the SpaceX articles of incorporation and bylaws for Tesla and I invested $6.35M (98%) of the initial closing of $6.5M in Series A funding. Eberhard invested $75k (approximately 1%)."
- "Making a Mark with Rockets and Roadsters". NPR. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Musk, Elon (2006-08-02). "The Secret Tesla Motors Master Plan (just between you and me) | Blog". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2010-10-03.[self-published source]
- Musk, Elon. "CEO Elon Musk". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- Eberhard, Martin (2006-07-25). "Lotus Position | Blog". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2010-10-20.[self-published source]
- "Elon Musk Envisions Tesla Electric Car as Low as $20K: Cleantech News «". Gigaom.com. 2008-09-17. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Tesla Motors team". Tesla Motors.
- "Tesla Roadster". Index. 2007.
- Martin Eberhard (2007-08-07). "Martin Eberhard of Tesla Motors speaks to the Motor Press Guild" (Flash video). Retrieved 2008-06-22.
- Anita Lienert, Correspondent (2008-01-11). ""Stealth Bloodbath" Roils Tesla Motors". Edmund's Inside Line. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- Ohnsman, Alan (2009-01-19). "Detroit Auto No-Shows Put Startups Fisker, Tesla in Spotlight". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- "A New Start: FT:Elon Musk’s ground-breaking electric car". Xinkaishi.typepad.com. 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Crunchbase Tesla Motors". Crunchbase.com. 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- Arrington, Michael (2009-05-19). "Tesla Worth More Than Half A Billion Dollars After Daimler Investment". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- "Abu Dhabi takes part of Daimler's Tesla stake". MarketWatch. 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- Pacific Business news, 24 June 2009, Tesla gets long-awaited government loan
- "Tesla Motors Bags Federal Cash". Driving Today. 2009-07-17. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2009-09-14.[dead link]
- Rao, Leena (2009-09-15). "Tesla Puts Another 82.5 Million In The Tank". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- Dopson & Colson. Supply agreement for products and services based on Lotus Elise technology OneCLE, 11 July 2005. Retrieved: 7 September 2010.
- Bennett & Ahuja. Contract Amendment 2 EDGAR Online, 22 March 2010. Retrieved: 7 September 2010. "9.1.5 TESLA shall order not less than 2,400 units of Product within the Term;”
- "Tesla Extends Production Contract with Lotus". Automobile Magazine. 2010-03-30. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
- "Form S-1, Registration Statement under The Securities Act of 1933: Tesla Motors, Inc.". Securities and Exchange Commission. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2010-01-30.
- "Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement on Form S-1". Sec.gov. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- "Toyota investing in Tesla Motors". BBC News. 2010-05-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
- "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2010-06-28.[dead link]
- "Form S-1 Amendment, Registration Statement under The Securities Act of 1933: Tesla Motors, Inc.". Securities and Exchange Commission. 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-06-02.
- Previous post Next post (2010-07-16). "Toyota, Tesla Resurrect the Electric RAV4 | Autopia". Wired.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Tesla sells ZEV credits to Honda". Automotive World. 2010-06-04. Retrieved 2010-06-04.
- Scholer, Kristen; Spears, Lee (2010-06-29). "Tesla Posts Second-Biggest Rally for 2010 U.S. IPO". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
- Andrejczak, Matt (2010-06-28). "Tesla Motors revs up $244 million IPO". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Tesla Motors Moving Quickly to Commercialization of an Electric Car". GreenCar Magazine. 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- Todd Woody (2012-07-25). "Tesla Hits Accelerator Despite Q2 Revenue Miss". Forbes. Retrieved 2012-07-25. More than 2,350 units sold through June 2012.
- Tesla Motors (2012-11-05). "Tesla Q3 report: $50M revenues, $111M GAAP net loss, 253 Model S delivered in Q3". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-11-06.Sales during the 3Q 2012: 68 Roadsters and 253 Model S.
- Tesla Motors (2013-02-20). "Tesla Motors, Inc. – Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2012 Shareholder Letter". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- "Tesla's Tests Confirm Roadster's 245-Mile Range". Electronic design. 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Posted by tsport100 (2011-01-05). "New World Record: Tesla Roadster Goes 347.2 Miles On One Charge". Electric Vehicle News. Electric vehicles: cars, bikes. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- O'Dell, John. "Tesla Roadster Logs New Record of 313 Miles on Single Charge in Oz Green Rally". Green Car Advisor. Edmunds. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
- "Tesla Roadster Sport Specs". Motor Trend. 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "TIME Best Inventions 2006". Time. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
- "Tesla Roadster ‘Signature One Hundred’ Series Sells Out". Megawatt Motorworks.
- "We have begun regular production of the Tesla Roadster". Tesla Motors. 17 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-20.
- "A fast food morning with the Tesla Roadster Sport". Boing Boing. 2009-11-05. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
- "Tesla Unveils Roadster 2.5 at Newest Stores in Europe and North America" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2010-07-01. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Tesla will build right-hand-drive Roadsters for the UK". Wired.co.uk. 2009-06-25. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
- Dillow, Clay (2011-06-23). "Farewell Roadster: Tesla Will Stop Taking Orders for its Iconic EV in Two Months". Popular Science. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- Valdes, Peter (2011-06-22). "Tesla Roadster reaches the end of the line". Autos. Yahoo!. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- King, Danny (2012-01-11). "Tesla continues Roadster sales with tweaks in Europe, Asia and Australia". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
- Gordon-Bloomfield, Nikki (2012-01-12). "Tesla Updates Roadster For 2012. There’s Just One Catch...". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
- Tisshaw, Mark (2011-10-26). "Tesla plans all-new Roadster". Autocar (UK). Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- Vaughn, Mark. "Tesla rolls out Model S hatchback, plans late 2011 start: AutoWeek Magazine". Autoweek.com. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- "Tesla unveils world’s first mass-produced highway-capable EV" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2009-08-01.[dead link]
- "EPA rating for 85 kWh Tesla Model S: 89 MPGe, 265-mile range". Green Car Congress. 2012-06-21. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- John Voelcker (2012-12-07). "Tesla Model S 60-kWh Version: EPA Range Rated At 208 Miles". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2012-12-07.
- "Model S Motor Trend Car of the Year Award 2013". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- PRNewswire (2013-03-28). "And Now There Is One.... Tesla Model S Declared 2013 World Green Car". International Business Times. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
- Zenlea, David (2012-01). "2013 Automobile of the Year: Tesla Model S". Automobile Magazine. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
- TIME Staff (2012-11-01). "Best Inventions of the Year 2012 - $22,000 - $750,000 -The Tesla Model S". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2012-11-02.
- Sebastian Blanco (2013-05-08). "Tesla posts first quarterly profit; Model S becomes best-selling plug-in car in US (probably)". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
- Jerry Garrett (2012-02-09). "Tesla Unveils Model X at Its Southern California Design Studios". Wheels blog. The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- "Tesla Officially Unveils New Model X, Crossover EV". KeyNoodle. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- Ronald D. White (2013-03-08). "Tesla plans to repay loans early, delays Model X". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- Jay Cole (2013-03-09). "Tesla Delays Model X Production To "Late" 2014". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- "With $350M Infusion, Tesla Adds Minivans, Crossovers, and Fleet Vans to Line of EVs". Fastcompany.com. 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- By Diarmuid O'Connell (2009-09-28). "Tesla: Clearing the Air on our DOE Loan". Teslamotors.com. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Abuelsamid, Sam (2010-06-21). "Breaking: Tesla shows future products, liquid cooled motor and electronics in IPO road show — Autoblog Green". Green.autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- "Detroit 2013: Tesla’s Family Will Grow". automobilemag.com. 2013-01-15.
- "Tesla CEO Elon Musk Talks Future Plans amid COTY Award". automotive.com. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- "Mercedes Electric Car by Tesla Test Drive – Video Tesla Mercedes A Class". The Daily Green. 2010-09-03. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Mercedes-Benz Introduces the Battery-Powered A-Class E-CELL; Production Run of 500". Green Car Congress. 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Masson, Laurent J (2011-03-29). "Quick Drive: Electric Mercedes A-Class E-Cell". Plugin Cars. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Squatriglia, Chuck (2009-01-13). "Tesla Motors Joins Daimler On a Smart EV | Autopia". Wired.com. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- Abuelsamid, Sam (2010-07-16). "Breaking: Tesla and Toyota to develop RAV4 EV, hope to launch in 2012 — Autoblog Green". Green.autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
- "Toyota unveils RAV4 EV demonstration vehicle; targeting fully-engineered version in 2012 for market". Green Car Congress. 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- Tellem, Tori (2010-11-17). "2012 Toyota RAV4-EV: Take Two". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- "Toyota RAV4 EV key for meeting California ZEV requirements; Tesla powertrain uses Model S components". Green Car Congress. 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- Garrett, Jerry (2012-08-03). "Toyota and Tesla Trot Out the RAV4 EV". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Tesla Motors to Provide Batteries for Freightliner Custom Chassis Electric Van". WOT. Motor Trend. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "press releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2008-07-22. Retrieved 2009-08-01.[dead link]
- "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-07-15. Retrieved 2009-08-01.[dead link]
- "Tesla moving headquarters and powertrain operations to Palo Alto - San Jose Mercury News". Mercurynews.com. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-06-23. Retrieved 2009-08-01.[dead link]
- Yoney, Domenick (2009-04-27). "Tesla Motors buying Long Beach Boeing building?". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- "Opens Tesla Factory – Home of the Model S" (press release). Tesla Motors. 2010-10-27. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Sibley, Lisa (2011-06-17). "Lotus to supply more Tesla Roadster bodies". Silicon Valley/San Jose Business Journal. Retrieved 2012-12-07.
- Peters, Eric. "Electric Cars and Economics 101". The American Spectator. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- Dudley, Brier (2009-05-21). "Business & Technology: Tesla announces showroom in Seattle". Seattle Times (NW source). Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- "Tesla stores to borrow from Apple's magic". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2010-10-20.[dead link]
- Leeds, Samson (2009-06-28). "Tesla opens Flagship Euro Store in London". Top Car Zone. Sablog zone. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- "Marketing". Tesla Motors. 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
- "TSLA Tesla motors releases preliminary 3rd quarter, 2010 financial results", Trading markets[dead link]
- Motavalli, Jim (2012-11-13). "At Tesla’s Party, Superchargers and Delivery Dates". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
- Tesla Press Release (2012-09-25). "Tesla launches first six Supercharger locations; 100 kW charging, with 120 kW in future" (Press release). Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
- Cobb, Jeff (2012-10-12). "First Tesla Superchargers Open October 19". Hybrid Cars. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
- Motavalli, Jim (2012-12-21). "Tesla Begins East Coast Fast-Charging Corridor". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
- Godske, Bjørn (2010-05-21). "Toyota buys $50mio stake in Tesla]". Ing.dk. Retrieved 2010-05-21.
- "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2009-08-01.[dead link]
- Reuters: UAE'S Aabar buys 40 pct of Daimler's Tesla stake
- Aabar Daimler Press Release, 2009[dead link]
- Tierney, Christine. Toyota invests in Tesla to help reopen Calif. plant The Detroit News, 20 May 2010. Retrieved: 22 May 2010
- Batcho-Lino, Stefanie (August 5, 2011). "Toyota, Tesla to Build Rav4 Electric Vehicle at Ontario Plant". Bloomberg.
- Gupta, Poornima (2010-01-07). "Tesla, Panasonic partner on electric car batteries". Reuters.
- "Tesla & Panasonic Make It Official, Buddy Up for Batteries: Cleantech News «". Gigaom.com. 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Panasonic Presents First Electric Vehicle Battery to Tesla" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Panasonic invests $30m in Tesla". Added latest investment in tesla. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
- White, Ronald D. (2013-04-10). "Tesla CEO takes dealer fight to Texas, says he can sell more cars". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-04-15.
- Korzeniewski, Jeremy (2008-04-15). "Tesla files suit against Fisker Automotive". Autoblog.
- Migliore, Greg (2008-04-16). "Tesla sues Fisker, alleges theft of trade secrets". AutoWeek: News & Views. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
- LaMonica, Martin (2008-11-04). "Tesla Motors loses trade secrets case against Fisker". CNET News. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
- Dan Roth (2008-04-16). "Tables Turned: Tesla Motors Sued By Transmission Supplier Magna". Autoblog.
- Eberhard v. Musk, Case No.: CIV-484400 (Superior Court of the State of California County of San Mateo 2009-07-29) (“From defendandt's filing: "During a conversation with Musk in 2003, JB Straubel ("Straubel"), who later became Tesla's Chief Technology Officer, learned of Musk's interest in the development of an all-electric automobile. Following this conversation, he introduced Musk to Tom Gage and Al Ciccone at AC Propulsion, a company that had built an all-electric concept sports car call the Tzero. Musk was enthusiastic and encouraged Gage and Ciccone to put the Tzero concept into production. Though Musk was unable to persuade AC Propulsion to mass produce the Tzero, Gage offered to give Musk's contact information to two groups who did have such an interest, one of which included Eberhard, Marc Tarpenning ("Tarpenning"), and Ian Write ("Wright").”).
- Fehrenbacher, Katie (2009-06-14). "Tesla Lawsuit: The Incredible Importance of Being a Founder". Earth2tech. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- Martin Eberhard lawsuit (PDF), San Mateo County, CA (146 pages)[dead link]
- "Superior Court of California". County of San Mateo. 2009-07-17. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- "Judge Strikes Claim on Who Can Be Declared a Founder of Tesla Motors". Business wire. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- Squatriglia, Chuck (2009-08-19). "Eberhard Says ‘Uncle’ in Tesla Lawsuit". Autopia (Wired.com). Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- "Tesla Motors founders: Now there are five". CNet. 2009-09-21. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
- "Tesla sues Top Gear for libel, New Stig unavailable for comment (update: BBC responds)". Engadget. 2011-03-30. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Wilman, Andy (2011-04-02). "Tesla vs Top Gear: Andy Wilman on our current legal action". Transmission. Top gear. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "BBC denies rigging Top Gear Tesla Roadster car race". Newsbeat. BBC. 2011-03-30. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Vaughan, Adam (2011-03-30). "Tesla sues Top Gear over 'faked' electric car race". Environment (London: The Guardian). Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- "Tesla losing Top Gear court challenge". The Independent. 2011-10-21. Retrieved 2011-10-21.
- Plunkett, John (2012-02-23). "Top Gear libel case over Tesla electric sports car struck out". The Guardian (London).
- Hinderaker, John (2013-01-10). "Lawsuit Alleges Cronyism In Obama Administration "Green Energy" Loans". Power line (blog). Retrieved 2013-01-11.
- Ashe, Suzanne (2009-05-28). "Tesla Motors recalls electric Roadster". CNET. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
- "2009 Lotus Elise Recalls - 2009 Lotus Elise Recall Reports - Motor Trend Magazine". Motortrend.com. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- "Tesla To Do House Calls" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Yarow, Jay (2009-05-28). "Tesla Recalls More Than 75% Of Its Roadsters". Business Insider. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- "Tesla Initiates Voluntary Recall After Single Customer Incident" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-10-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Tesla Motors|