Testament of Youth
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|Testament of Youth|
Cover of the 1978 Virago edition showing Vera Brittain as a VAD nurse
|Media type||Print (Hardback & Paperback)|
Testament of Youth is the first instalment, covering 1900–1925, in the memoir of Vera Brittain (1893-1970). It was published in 1933. Brittain's memoir continues with Testament of Experience, published in 1957, and encompassing the years 1925–1950. Between these two books comes Testament of Friendship (published in 1940), which is essentially a memoir of Brittain's close colleague and friend, Winifred Holtby. A final segment of memoir, to be called 'Testament of Faith' or 'Testament of Time' was planned by Brittain but remained unfinished at her death.
Testament of Youth has been acclaimed as a classic for its description of the impact of World War I on the lives of women and the middle-class civilian population of Great Britain. The book shows how the impact extended into the postwar years. It is also considered a classic in feminist literature for its depiction of a woman's pioneer struggle to forge an independent career in a society only grudgingly tolerant of educated women.
In the foreword, Brittain describes how she originally intended to write of her experiences as a novel but was unable to achieve the objective distance from her subject necessary. She then tried to publish her original diary from the war years but with all names fictionalised. This too proved unworkable. Only then did she decide to write her own personal story, putting her own experiences in the wider historic and social context. Several critics have noted the cathartic process by which she deals with her grief in the writing.
The narrative begins with Vera's plans to enter the University of Oxford and her romance with Roland Leighton, a friend of her brother Edward. Both were commissioned as officers early in World War I, and both were subsequently killed, as were several other members of their social circle.
The book's main subject is Vera's work as a Voluntary Aid Detachment nurse, nursing wounded in London, Malta and at Etaples in France. It also describes how she returned, disillusioned, to Somerville College, Oxford after the war and completed her BA degree. It covers the beginning of her career in journalism, writing for Time and Tide and lecturing for the League of Nations. She visits the graves of her brother Edward in Italy and her fiancé Roland in France. Together with Winifred Holtby she toured the defeated and occupied regions of Germany and Austria in 1923.
It concludes with her meeting her husband George Catlin and their eventual marriage in 1925.
The diaries on which the book is partly based, Chronicle of Youth, edited by Alan Bishope, were published in 1981. In 1998, the war letters which Brittain also drew on in her autobiography were published in an edition by Alan Bishop and Mark Bostridge. Entitled Letters from a Lost Generation, their appearance was met with considerable acclaim.
- First published Victor Gollancz (28 August 1933)
- Victor Gollancz, London (1940)
- Wideview Books (1970) ISBN 0-86068-035-5
- Virago Press (1978) ISBN 86-06-80355-3
- Fontana (1979) ISBN 0-00-635703-2]
- Seaview Books. (1980) B010174; 661
- Penguin Group (United States) (1980) ISBN 0-87223-672-2
- Putnam Pub Group (1980) ISBN 0-87223-672-2
- Penguin Classics (May 31, 2005) ISBN 0-14-303923-7
- Publisher: Virago Press Ltd (2004) ISBN 0-86068-035-5
- Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson (2009) ISBN 297858317
The book dramatised by Elaine Morgan as a five-part serial which was transmitted on BBC2 in 1979. This version features Cheryl Campbell as Vera Brittain, Peter Woodward as Roland Leighton, Joanna McCallum as Winifred Holtby and Emrys James and Jane Wenham as Vera's parents.
In 1998, to commemorate the eightieth anniversary of the Armistice, a fifteen-part radio dramatisation of the letters on which Testament of Youth was partly based was broadcast on BBC Radio Four. Entitled Letters from a Lost Generation, it was dramatised by Mark Bostridge and starred Amanda Root as Vera Brittain and Rupert Graves as Roland Leighton.
In 2009 it was announced that a feature film adaptation of Testament of Youth was in development by BBC Films and Heyday Films producer David Heyman. This has the support of the Vera Brittain Estate, Brittain's daughter Shirley Williams, and Brittain's biographer Mark Bostridge who is acting as consultant. Saoirse Ronan was cast to play Brittain in 2012. Ronan was replaced in the part in December 2013 when it was announced that Alicia Vikander will play Vera Brittain in the film which will be released in late 2014 as part of the First World War commemorations.
- The making of a peacenik Mark Bostridge, The Guardian August 30, 2003. Brittain's biographer, reviews "Testament of Youth". Accessed May 2008
- Testament of Youth, Vera Brittains Literary Quest for Peace By Linda S. Coleman Popular Press (1997). Accessed June 2008
- Mourning through Memoir: Trauma, Testimony, and Community in Vera Brittain's Testament of Youth. by Richard Badenhausen in Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 49, 2003. Extract accessed June 2008