Testicular disease

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Testicular disease
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 E29, N43-N44
ICD-9 257, 603-604
MeSH D013733

Testicular diseases can be classified as endocrine disorders or as a disorders of the reproductive system.

The testicles are well-known to be very sensitive to impact and injury. Blue balls is a slang term for a temporary fluid congestion in the testicles and prostate region caused by prolonged sexual arousal.

The most prominent diseases of testicles are:

The removal of one or both testicles is termed:

  • Orchiectomy, in medicine (where orchiectomy and orchectomy are synonymous), and
  • Castration in general use, especially when done as punishment or torture, or as a catch-all term for orchidectomy in a veterinary context.
  • Gelding in the specifically equine sense.

Testicular prostheses are available to mimic the appearance and feel of one or both testicles, when absent as from injury or as treatment for gender identity disorder. There have also been some instances of their implanting in dogs [2]

Other testicular issues:

  • Cryptorchidism or "undescended testicles", when the testicle does not descend into the scrotum of the infant boy.

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References[edit]