Tetisheri

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Tetisheri
Queen consort of Egypt
Great Royal Wife
King's Mother
Tetisheri (Egyptian Museum CG 34002).jpg
Queen Tetisheri as depicted on the stela dedicated by pharaoh Ahmose I.
Spouse Senakhtenre Ahmose
Issue Seqenenre Tao
Queen Ahhotep I
Kamose?
Full name
Tetisheri
Dynasty 17th of Egypt
Father Tjenna
Mother Neferu
Burial mummy found in DB320 but her tomb unknown,possibly KV41?
Religion Ancient Egyptian religion

Tetisheri was the matriarch of the Egyptian royal family of the late 17th Dynasty and early 18th Dynasty.

Family[edit]

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Tetisheri
in hieroglyphs

Tetisheri was the daughter of Tjenna and Neferu. The names of Tetisheri's parents are known from mummy bandages found in TT320.[1] She was selected by Senakhtenre, despite her non-royal birth, to be not only his wife but his Great Royal Wife. Tetisheri was the mother of Seqenenre Tao, Queen Ahhotep I and possibly Kamose.[1]

Pharaoh Ahmose I erected a stela at Abydos to announce the construction of a pyramid and a "house" for Tetisheri. Ahmose refers to the Queen as "the mother of my mother, and the mother of my father, great king's wife and king's-mother, Tetisheri"(Breasted)[2]

Burial, Cenotaph, and Pyramid[edit]

Tetisheri was likely buried in Thebes and she may have been reinterred in the royal cache in TT320.[1] No tomb at Thebes has yet been conclusively identified with Queen Tetisheri, though a mummy that may be hers was included among other members of the royal family reburied in the Royal Cache (DB320).

Stela of Ahmose honouring Tetisheri. Found in the ruins of Tetisheri's pyramid in the complex of Ahmose's pyramid at Abydos

Pharaoh Ahmose had a memorial structure or cenotaph at Abydos erected in her honour, in the midst of his own extensive mortuary complex at that site. This mud brick structure was discovered in 1902 by the Egypt Exploration Fund, and was found to contain a monumental stela detailing the dedication by Ahmose I and his sister-wife Ahmose-Nefertari of a pyramid and enclosure (or shrine) to Tetisheri.[3]

Its discoverer, C. T. Currelly, believed the textual reference to a "pyramid" of Tetisheri to refer not to the building in which the stela was found, but rather to the more imposing pyramid associated with a large mortuary temple at its base discovered in 1900 by A. C. Mace. Based on recent discoveries, however, this view can no longer be maintained. The foundations of the structure, originally described by Currelly in 1903 as a "shrine" or "mastaba," was demonstrated in 2004 through the renewed excavations of the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago under the direction of S. Harvey to have actually formed the lowest courses of a brick pyramid, the last queen's pyramid to have been built in Egypt. Portions of the limestone pyramidion or capstone were discovered as well, demonstrating conclusively that this structure was pyramidal in form. Magnetic survey also revealed a brick enclosure some 70 by 90 meters in scale, a feature not detected by earlier archaeologists. These accordingly may now be identified as the features described in Ahmose's stela found within: a pyramid and an enclosure, built in the midst of Ahmose's own mortuary complex.

A statuette long in the collections of the British Museum bearing an inscription naming Tetisheri was identified as a forgery by W. V. Davies, based on the slavish imitation of its inscription from a fragmentary lower portion of a similar statue of the queen (now lost). However, some scholars question this attribution, and have been raising questions as to the potential authenticity of the statuette itself, if not the inscription.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dodson, Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, 2004.
  2. ^ Breasted, 1906. Ancient Records of Egypt, section: v. 2. The eighteen dynasty, p.14-17. James Henry Breasted, 1906, University of Chicago Press.
  3. ^ Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, Volume V. Upper Egypt: Sites. (1st ed.) 2004, pg 91-92.

See also[edit]