Teton Valley, Idaho

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Teton Valley
Region
Teton Valley Wyoming near Jackson bordering Idaho.jpg
Teton Valley Wyoming near Jackson bordering Idaho[1]
Nickname: The Quiet Side of the Tetons
Country United States
State Idaho
Region Teton
Elevation 6,200 ft (1,890 m)
Population 6,399 (2000)
Timezone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 - summer (DST) Mountain (MST) (UTC-6)
Area code 208

Teton Valley is an area located on the west slope of the Teton Mountain Range and is known as "The quiet side of the Tetons." Teton Valley is composed of the cities of Victor, Idaho, Driggs, Idaho, Tetonia, Idaho, and Alta, Wyoming.[2] Teton Valley is a rural, agriculture and ranching based economy shifting emphasis towards recreational tourism.

Teton Valley has a unique climate and geology. Teton Valley also has a wide variety of attractions including national parks, wildlife, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, skiing and cultural arts.

History[edit]

Teton Valley is marked by three cycles of volcanic activity that occurred in the last 2.1 million years. The eruptions that took place make Teton Valley a rich environment for plant and animal life.

Teton Valley was initially populated by The Shoshone-Bannock and Northern Paiute Indian tribes before Lewis and Clark made their epic trek across the area in 1805.

Teton Valley has been the site of the annual Rocky Mountain Fur Rendezvous, in 1829 and 1832.[3] At the Rendezvous, trappers from the Rockies would go to sell their furs and traders would come in to provide supplies. Indian tribes such as the Flathead and Nez Perce would also attend the rendezvous. In the summer of 1832, a battle was fought between the trappers, Flatheads and Nez Perce with the Blackfeet Indian Tribe near Victor, Idaho.

In 1834, Pierre-Jean De Smet held the first religious service in the West in Teton Valley.[4] Teton Valley is formally known as Pierre's Hole, named in honor of "le grand Pierre" Tivanitagon, a Hudson's Bay Company trader said to be of Iroquois descent, who was killed in a battle with Blackfoot Indians in 1827. [5]

From 1841 to 1868, over 300,000 whites migrated over the South Pass, about 150 miles south of Teton Valley. The migrations were due to the California Gold Rush of 1849 and the migration of the Mormons to avoid religions persecution. The migrating groups took over lands that belonged to The Bannock, Nez Perce and Blackfeet. The Nez Perce tribe retreated towards Canada only to be captured short of the border.

The completion of the transcontinental railroad and the Homestead Act of 1862 brought many settlers into Teton Valley. Many of the present day inhabitants of Teton Valley are fifth generation descendants of the early settlers.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 6399 people (Teton County and Alta, Wyoming combined), 2,219 households, and 1,464 families residing in Teton Valley. There were 2,813 housing units in Teton Valley. The racial makeup of the county was 91.81% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 6.31% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 11.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,219 households out of which 39.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 5.85% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.05% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.36.

In Teton Valley, the population was widely distributed with 31.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 33.80% from 25 to 44, 18.90% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 113.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.70 males.

The median income for a household in Teton Valley was $49,269, and the median income for a family was $51,883. Males had a median income of $35,374 versus $20,675 for females. The per capita income for Teton Valley was $29,229. About 10.6% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.10% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Teton Valley has an average annual precipitation at the 6,100 ft. level of 15.9 inches (2004). The average snowfall is 73.7 inches. In July, the highest average daily maximum temperature is 81.7°F. In January, the lowest average daily minimum temperature registers at 6.4°F. The driest month is November and the wettest is June.[7]

Geology[edit]

Teton Valley is located within the Wyoming Overthrust Belt System. Teton Valley is a mountainous region brought about by uplifts, faults, fault blocks, alluvial deposits and erosion by streams to create steep narrow canyons.

Teton Valley has a wide variety of soils. The surface is primarily composed of coarse loams and soils weathered from igneous and sedimentary sources.

Attractions[edit]

Mountain located in Yellowstone National Park.

National Parks:

Teton Valley is located near Yellowstone National Park and Grand Teton National Park.[8]

Wildlife:

Teton Valley is the home of animals including the bald eagle, black bears, cougars, wolverines, and grizzly bears.

Upper Snake River passing by the Grand Tetons.

Fishing:

Teton Valley is located near the south fork of the Snake River that is a common place to fish wild trout.

Palisades Lake is located near Teton Valley.

Hiking and Horseback Riding:

The Grand Teton Mountains provide many hiking and horseback riding opportunities, many taking you into Grand Teton National Park. The Big Hole Mountains provide good hiking to the west, the Snake River Range to the south and on the north side of the valley you can access some of Yellowstone's southwestern corner trails.

Skiing:

Grand Targhee offers a place for residents or visitors to ski during the winter months. Located in the Caribou-Targhee National Forest, the main gateway to Grand Teton and Yellowstone National Parks.

Arts:

Residing in Teton Valley are sculptors, glass blowers, landscape painters, musicians, actors, film makers, wood carvers and furniture makers.[9] Teton valley is the home of the Teton Valley Historical museum.

Transportation[edit]

Vehicles:

Teton Valley has three main paved highways:

Aviation:

Teton Valley has no regularly scheduled passenger carrying flights, however, Teton Valley has Driggs-Reed Memorial Airport, (IATA: DIJ, ICAO: KDIJ, FAA LID: DIJ) located in Driggs, Idaho.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Slabaugh, Gerry. Teton Valley Wyoming. Flickr.com. 8-February-2009. http://www.flickr.com/photos/slabaughphotos/3266517550/
  2. ^ History. Teton Valley Foundation. 31-March-2009. http://www.tetonvalleyfoundation.org/history.php
  3. ^ History of the Teton Valley. Darby Ranch. 15-March-2009. http://www.darbyranch.com/valleyhistory.htm
  4. ^ Teton Valley History. Rim River Ranch. 17-March-2009. http://www.riverrimranch.com/teton-valley-history.php
  5. ^ Morgan, Dale Lowell (1964). Jedediah Smith and the Opening of the West, p. 127. University of Nebraska Press, USA. ISBN 0-8032-5138-6.
  6. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en Retrieved on 22-March-2009
  7. ^ Teton County Profile. Teton County Wildland Fire Migration Plan. April 2004. http://www.idl.idaho.gov/nat_fire_plan/county_wui_plans/teton/04-2-profile.pdf
  8. ^ Greater Yellowstone Resource Guide. Teton Valley Idaho Attractions. 22-March-2009. http://www.free-press.biz/Teton-Valley/attractions.html
  9. ^ Moran, Mark. Visit Teton Valley Idaho. The Arts. 23-March-2009. http://www.visittetonvalley.com/

Further reading[edit]

Green, D.Brooks "The settlement of Teton Valley, Idaho-Wyoming" [1]

Coordinates: 43°42′N 111°06′W / 43.700°N 111.100°W / 43.700; -111.100

External links[edit]